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The Time Machine- The Dangers of Social Class Distinctions

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Ali Hadi

on 28 July 2015

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Transcript of The Time Machine- The Dangers of Social Class Distinctions

H.G. Wells,
The Time Machine
The Dangers of Social Class Distinctions
In order for you to learn more about the problem of social classes presented in this novel, you must take a ride to the past to learn more about the background of the nineteenth century, Victorian era
England
Introduction
Final Supporting Argument
Throughout centuries, ideologies were meant to connect and unite people with each other, although, with class distinctions, this has been the complete opposite. Already in our time we have witnessed fascism, totalitarianism and capitalism to protect one from the “dangers” of the other class. The novel The Time Machine, by H.G. Wells presents the idea that the continued class inequality in the world will lead to destruction.

POINT
The time traveler is an upper middle class man,“the Time Traveler hated to have servants waiting at dinner (20)”
Nineteenth century England had a social hierarchy that grouped the country into groups based on their classification of society based on their wealth and occupation (hierarchy). It was not easy living in the 1890s if one was not a part of a respectable social class.
Proof
COMMENT
The upper class people did not understand the difficulty of life as a working class man in the Victorian time


Point
The time traveler goes to 802,701 AD to experience an increase in social struggle
Proof
“The Upper-world people might once have been the favoured aristocracy, and the Morlocks their mechanical servants: but that had long since passed away. The two species that had resulted from the evolution of man were sliding down towards, or had already arrived at, an altogether new relationship (Wells 65-66)”

Comment
The time traveler sees the same continued problem of the different classes but on a bigger scale. He sees that the nineteenth century social hierarchy problem separating and judging people by their wealth and occupation has not been solved over time, but has only increased.
Second Supporting Argument
Point
The Eloi and Morlock are two species, sharing the common ancestor of man.

Capitalism was a huge problem in the 1890’s, it affected many people, Wells uses both the Eloi and Morlock, descendants of man through evolution, to symbolize the dangers of capitalism.

Topic Sentence
Proof
“So, as I see it, the Upper-world man had drifted towards his feeble prettiness, [Eloi], and the Under-world to mere mechanical industry, [Morlock]” (87).


Comment
The Time traveler predicts that the lower class were forced to work underground for so long that it evolved to adapt to live in the dark and work so the Eloi could live in luxury; the upper class lives in the upper world, stocked with resources, turned them into a lazy, dependent specie. The aristocrats use their lower class to obtain everything without any work, the two species adapted and evolved well fitted functions for their environment through Darwinism

Point
The narrator describes the two species very poorly, the Eloi are frail and foolish while the Morlocks are savage and cannibalistic, the complete opposite of Darwin's theory, descent with modification:

Proof
Proof
Comment
Capitalism attacks the lower social classes in many ways and the only way it will affect the lower social classes is negatively. Recent historical examples of capitalism negatively affecting communities as well as H.G.

Point
H.G Wells is a socialist, he uses his novel to attack the principles of capitalism and predicts it will destroy human relationships.

Proof
Comment
In The Time Machine, the Eloi, gained all their resources with no work while charging the Morlocks for living underground. Whereas the lack of resource for the Morlock caused them to revolute and rely to force to hunt down the Eloi for food (Wells 71).


H.G Wells uses the the Morlock and Eloi conflict as an example for his audience to learn the consequences before they expand.



Point
Unfortunately, the author’s predictions of the world expanding in capitalism has come true in recent history.

The phrase “Thrust his brother man out of the ease” presents the struggle of the lower class, they were forgotten and used. But now after many generations, the “brother was coming back” in the from of Morlocks, to revolute and take back what was stolen from them through capitalism, freedom.


Comment
Conclusion Statement
Recent historical examples of capitalism negatively affecting communities as well as H.G. Wells’s predictions prove that the continued class struggle through capitalism will lead to destruction.



Essay Outline
Lead
Supporting Arguments
The time traveler’s conflicts in the future closely represents the conflicts and issues in the Victorian time’s social hierarchy issues
The future contains Morlock and Eloi, the descendants of man by their social status, who symbolize the dangers of capitalism.
Finally, H.G wells uses the conflicts in his novel to present what the future has in store for mankind if this struggle continues.
POINT
And this same widening gulf…will make that exchange between class and class, that promotion by intermarriage which at present retards the splitting of our species along lines of social stratification, less and less frequent. So, in the end, above ground you must have the Haves, pursuing pleasure and comfort and beauty, and below ground the Have-nots, the Workers getting continually adapted to the conditions of their labour. (Wells 56-57)
The Time Traveler continues to draw connections between his own time and the future.
Proof
COMMENT
The upper class people did not understand the difficulty of life as a working class man in the Victorian time


“Ages ago, thousands of generations ago, man had thrust his brother man out of the ease and the sunshine. And now that brother was coming back – changed!” (Wells 66).

“Capitalism does not permit in an even flow of economic resources. With this system, a small privileged few are rich with out conscience, and almost all others are doomed to be poor at some level. That's the way the system works. And since we know the system will not change the rules, were going to have to change the system” (Martin Luther King).
Conclusion
H.G. Wells is a socialist who wanted nothing more than for equal rights; his novel The Time Machine compares the similar social class struggle between the future and the nineteenth century; this is through the actions and symbolism from the descendants of man and the message that the continued class distinction will lead to destruction.
First Supporting Argument
The segregation of Victorian era England, into social classes compares with the capitalistic issues in the future;
Second Supporting Argument
H.G Wells uses the Morlocks and Eloi as symbols for what danger capitalism may cause
Final Supporting Argument
Finally, the author was a socialist that predicted the terrible future of capitalism and how it will affect mankind. H.G.
First Supporting Argument

The Time Traveler is from the capitalistic, Victorian era, this period of time is known for its different class distinctions; the working class, the middle class, and the upper class, very similar to the social classes distinguished in the future.
Lead
The Victorian Era welcomed a big change a long with all the new technology, capitalism.
figure 1
This ideology resulted in a lot of goods to be made in huge factories, thus developing classes. The upper class in control of the factory workers, and the factory workers who get resources for the wealthy with little benefit. There was very little government protection for workers which resulted in the upper classes to take advantage of them. This system rose England into a financial superpower so the aristocrats did not care about what they were doing to their workers.
Primary Source

Wells, H. G. The Time Machine. S.l.: Floating, 2008. Print.

Images Cited
Web. 27 July 2015. <https://auremmoser.files.wordpress.com/2012/04/time-machine-cover.jpg>.

Web. 27 July 2015. <http://cp91279.biography.com/1000509261001/1000509261001_1094056090001_Bio-Need-to-Know-Martin-Luther-King-Jr-SF.jpg>.

Web. 27 July 2015. <http://publishinginsider.net/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/c01d1118e36a4abb1d5e8f4585d17cbb.jpg>.

Web. 27 July 2015. <https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a7/Anti-capitalism_color.jpg>.

Web. 27 July 2015. <https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5d/James_Pollard_-_The_Louth-London_Royal_Mail_Travelling_by_Train_from_Peterborough_East,_Northamptonshire_-_Google_Art_Project.jpg>.

Web. 27 July 2015. <http://static.comicvine.com/uploads/scale_super/8/83918/1803311-morlock1.jpg>.




Thesis
H.G. Wells ultimately illustrates the central theme of the novel, capitalism, by comparing the characteristics of the future’s hierarchy to his own time; the disturbing relationship of the Eloi's and Morlocks; finally, through Wells’s strong feelings towards the negative affects capitalism will cause in the future of mankind.

By Ali Hadi
Full transcript