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The Wretched of the Earth
Transcript of The Wretched of the Earth
[Similar to Malcolm X: revolutions were "invariably bloody and over land"] The Need for Change "..exists in a raw, repressed, and reckless state in the lives and consciousness of colonized men and women." (Page 1) Security and education used to manipulate colonized masses for purpose of condoning assimilation and submission
"the spokesperson for the colonizer and the regime of oppression, is the police officer or soldier." (Page 2)
"education whether secular or religious,...those aesthetic forms of respect for the status quo, instill in the exploited a mood of submission and inhibition which considerably eases the tasks of agents of law and order." (pages 2-3)
"a foreigner's church..it calls..to the ways of the oppressor" (page 7) "The colonist sector is a sated, sluggish sector, its belly is permanently full of good things. The colonist's sector is a white folks' sector, a sector of foreigners." (page 4) "They want to take our place." (page 5) "the government's agent uses a language of pure violence" (page 4) Frantz Fanon 1925-1961 "The most compelling theorist of racism and colonialism." -Angela Davis Born in Martinique
(French territory) Front de Libération National (FLN) Algerian Revolution (1954-1962) The Tensions Between the Two Sides During Decolonization Decolonization "Unconditional, absolute, total and seamless...substitution of one "species" of mankind by another." (Page 1) "The last shall be first...can only succeed by resorting to every means, including, or course, violence." (page 3) Representations/Portrayals of "the Other" "A sector that it prostrate" (page 5) Representations/Portrayals of "the foreigner" "reduced to the state of an animal" (page 7) "But deep down the colonized subject acknowledges no authority. He is dominated but not domesticated. He is made to feel inferior, but by no means convinced of his inferiority." (page 16) "He waits patiently for the colonist to let his guard down and them jumps on him. " (page 16) "...a persecuted man who is forever dreaming of becoming the persecutor." (page 16) "...built to last" (page 4) The ruling class is characterized as "the outsider from elsewhere, different from the indigenous population, "the others." (page 5) "Truth is what hastens the dislocation of the colonial regime, what fosters the emergence of the nation. Truth is what protects the "natives" and undoes the foreigners." (page 14) "The history he writes is therefore not the history of the country he is despoiling, but the history of his own nation's looting, raping, and starving to death." (page 15) "For a colonized people, the most essential value: the land" (page 9) Discussion Questions Why is the "ruling species" characterized as "the outsider from elsewhere, different from the indigenous population, "the others." (page 5)
What is the distinction between "the outsider" and "the other?" Think of how Western superiority plays into these concepts. Which are the more useful techniques for repressing the colonized sector: fear/violence or social institutions such as the church and education? "A disreputable place inhabited by disreputable people." (page 4)