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Transcript of Hurling
Believed to be the oldest field sport in the world
Earliest mention of hurling in 1272 B.C. but more extensively in the 7th and 8th centuries
Written about in 13th, 14th centuries as well
References found on two crosses from 9th and 10th centuries
Spread to England and Scotland in the 1300's
Considered a security threat, it was banned, twice
Northern Ireland lost interest but in Southern Ireland it grew.
Played throughout the late middle ages.
Accounts of matches have survived
Modern Hurling is the product of two ancient sports.
Considered Ireland's national
There are 8 officials for each match
Sideline official (Also called Fourth Official)
Four Umpires (Two on each end)
The Referee starts and stops play, records the score, awards free pucks, and issues penalty cards
Linesmen indicate to the referee the direction in which play is to continue when a ball goes over the line
The fourth official is oversees substitutions and indicates the amount of stoppage time
The umpires are responsible for judging and scoring
All officials are responsible for informing the referee of any violent conduct they see that he has missed
Achieved by sending the ball through the opposition's goal posts
2.5m above ground
1 point: if the ball goes over the crossbar through the field goal posts
3 points: if the ball goes below the crossbar into the net
This is considered a goal
When reading hurling scores, they are generally written as goals to points
Ex: 7:6 has a total of 27 points
Mostly all matches are roughly 60 minutes long
Two thirty minute halves
Referee awards stoppage time at the end of each half
In case of a tie:
Two 10 minute halves
Hurling was banned in 1527 and 1918
The GAA was founded in 1884 and is the governing body of hurling
The first all Ireland Hurling Final was held in 1887 between Tipperary and Galway. Who won?
Players are permitted to tackled one another but only in specific ways.
Players are not allowed:
one-hand stick slash
push other players
Croke Park in Dublin is the home of hurling and is the largest non-soccer oriented stadium in Europe
Most Common Forms of Tackling in Hurling
- A player defends a strike from the opponent by trapping the ball between his stick and his opponents
- One player catches the opponent's stick with their own from the back side while the opponent is attempting to shoot
Henry Shefflin is regarded as the best hurler of all time with almost every scoring record and winning record
The side pull
- players running side by side collide at the shoulder and both swing their stick with extreme force at each other
Many hurling clubs exist, although Ireland has the only national team
The 18th century is referred to as the "Golden Age of Hurling"
There are 6 different times that the referees can restart play
After an attacker scores or puts the ball wide of the goals the goaltender may take the ball out.
After a defender puts the ball wide of the goals then the opponent my shoot or pass from 65m line where the ball went out but only by lifting and striking.
After a player puts the ball outside the sideline, the opposing team player may take a sideline cut (like a golf swing) where ever the ball went out.
After a foul a player may take a free shot at the spot of the foul by lifting and striking.
After a foul is made inside the square a penalty shot is take at the 20m line by lifting and striking.
If many players are struggling the referee will toss the ball up in between 2 players
The ball - Silotar
The silotar typically consists of a cork core covered by two pieces of leather.
Another form is made of bronze, leatherbound wood.
Picking the ball up directly off the ground, it must be picked up with the hurley
Passing or scoring with the hand instead the hurley
Going more than 4 steps with the ball in hand
Laying on the ball
Intentionally dropping or throwing the hurley
Going outside boundary lines in order to gain an advantage
Referee can play advantage if he wishes
Hurling is played on a field that is 137-145m long, and 80-90m wide.
Use sticks called camans or hurleys, of 24 - 36 inches in length.
To strike or attempt to strike an opponent
To stomp on a player on the ground
To inflict an injury on an opponent
To strike or threaten a Match Official
To assault an opposing team official
Pulling down, tripping, threatening, holding, charging, or obstructing an opponent
Grabbing an opponents facemask or hurley
Diving/Faking an injury
For these fouls the referee can award a free puck and either cation or send off the player
There are two goals at each end of the field that are 6m high, set 6.4m apart, and connected 2.44m above the ground by a crossbar.
There is a net attached to the crossbar and lower goal posts.
Lines on the field are marked at: 13m, 20m, 45m, and 65m.
Challenging the authority of the match official
To refuse to leave the field of play after for bleeding or after being ejected
To rejoin the game after being ordered off (Can result in forfeit if it continues past first warning)
Leaving the field of play without permission or refusing to play
The Playing Flied
There are 15 players in play per team.
The panel (team) is made up of 24-30 people and 5 substitutions are allowed per game.