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Careers in Health Care
Transcript of Careers in Health Care
- Care towards prevention, repair, & treatment Diagnostic Services Medical Careers Broad category encompassing physicians (doctors) and other individuals who work in any of the varied careers under the supervision of physicians.
All careers focus on diagnosing, treating or preventing diseases and disorders of the human body. Mental and Social Services Focus on helping people with mental or emotional disorders or those who are developmentally delayed or mentally impaired.
Help people with illnesses, employment, or community problems ~ Endodontist treatment of diseases of the pulp, nerves, blood vessels & roots of teeth Orthodontics ~ alignment or straightening of teeth Oral Surgery surgery on the teeth, mouth,
and jaw. Pedodontics dental treatment of children & adolescents ~Periodontics treatment and prevention of diseases of the gums, bone, and structures supporting the teeth Prosthodontics ~ replacement of natural teeth with artificial teeth or dentures Dental hygienists Dental laboratory technicians Dental Assistants Dentist Working under the supervision of dentists:
- prepare patients for examinations
- pass instruments
- prepare dental materials
- take and develop X-rays
- teach preventative dental care
- sterilize instruments
- perform dental receptionist duties Working under the supervision of dentist:
- perform preliminary exams of teeth and mouth
- remove stains and deposits from teeth
- expose and develop X-rays
- perform preventative or therapeutic (treatment) services Make and repair a variety of dental prostheses (artificial devices)
- orthodontic appliances Doctors who examine teeth and mouth tissues to diagnose and treat disease and abnormalities.
Perform surgery on the teeth, gums, and tissues.
Work to prevent dental disease. Perform tests or evaluations that aid in the detection, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases, injury, or other physical conditions. Electrocardiograph Technician (ECG) Electroencephalographic Technologist (EEG) Medical Laboratory Technologist (MTs) Medical Laboratory Technicians (MLTs) Medical Laboratory Assistants Phleobotomists Radiologic Technologist (RTs) Biomedical Equipment Technicians (BETS)
- Study tissues, fluids, & cells of the human body to help determine the presence or cause of disease.
- Perform complicated chemical, microscopic, and automated analyzer/computer tests.
Perform tests in labs such as:
- Blood bank technology
- Microbiology Work under the supervision of doctors called pathologists: Work under the supervision of doctors called radiologists: Use X-rays, radiation, nuclear medicine, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance to diagnose & treat disease Operate an instrument called an electroencephalograph which records the electrical activity in the brain. Information used by neurologists to diagnose and evaluate diseases/disorders with the brain. Under the supervision of medical technologists, technicians, or pathologists Perform basic laboratory tests
Prepare specimens for examination or testing
Perform other lab duties such as cleaning or helping maintain equipment Venipuncture Technicians Collect blood and prepare it for testing Working under the supervision of medical technologist or pathologists: Perform many routine tests that do not require advanced knowledge held by medical technologist Operate electrocardiograph machines, which record electrical impulses that originate in the heart. Physicians (cardiologists) use the ECG to help diagnose heart disease and to note changes in the conditions of a patient's heart. Work with various machines to diagnose, treat, and monitor patients. They install, test, service, & repair equipment such as:
- patient monitors
- kidney hemodialysis units
- diagnostic imaging scanners
- X-ray units
- Pacemakers Physicians Doctor of Medicine (MD) Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (DO) Doctor of Podiatric Medicine (DPM) Doctor of Chiropractic (DC) Physician Assistant (PAs) Medical Assistant (MAs) Treats diseases/disorders, placing special emphasis on the nervous, muscular, and skeletal systems, and the relationship between the body, mind, and emotions. Examines patients, obtain medical histories, order tests, make diagnoses, perform surgery, treat diseases/disorders, and teach preventative health.
Many classifications as follows.... Diagnoses, treats and prevents diseases or disorders.
Many options for specialization! Examines, diagnoses, and treats diseases/disorders of the feet or of the leg below the knee. Working under the supervision of physicians: Prepare patients for examinations
Take vital signs and medical histories
Assist with procedures and treatments
Perform basic lab tests
Prepare and maintain equipment and supplies Focuses on ensuring proper alignment of the spine and optimal operation of the nervous system to maintain health. Working under the supervision of physicians: Take medical histories
Perform routine physical examinations and basic diagnostic tests
Make preliminary diagnoses
Treat minor injuries
Prescribe and administer appropriate treatments Psychiatrists Psychologists Psychiatric/Mental Health Technicians Social Workers Physicians who specialize in diagnosing and treating mental illness. Specialties include child or adolescent psychiatry, geriatric psychiatry, and drug/chemical abuse Study human behavior and use this knowledge to help individuals deal with problems of everyday living. Can specialize in behavior modification, drug/chemical abuse, and physical/sexual abuse. Aid people who have difficulty coping with various problems by helping them make adjustments in their lives and/or by referring them to community resources for assistance. Working under the supervision of psychiatrists or psychologists: Help patients and their families follow treatment and rehabilitation plans.
Provide understanding and encouragement.
Observe & report behavior.
Help teach patients constructive social behavior. Mortuary Careers Provide service that is needed by everyone!
Preparation of the body, performance of the ceremony that honors the deceased and meets the spiritual needs of the living, and cremation or burial of the remains. Funeral Directors Embalmers Mortuary Assistant Morticians or Undertakers Provide support to the survivors
Prepare the body
Secure legal documents
File death certificates
Direct wake services
Make arrangements for burial Work under supervision of the funeral director/embalmer Assist with body preparation
Drive the hearse to pick up the body after death or take to burial site
Arrange flowers for viewing
Assist with preparations for funeral
Filing records Prepare body for interment by: Washing the body
Replacing blood with embalming fluid
Placing in casket
Maintain embalming reports Nursing Careers Care given under the direction of a physician. Care focuses on mental, emotional, and physical needs of the patient. Registered Nurse (RN) Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurse (LPN/LVN) Nurse Assistant (PCTs) Geriatric Aides/Assistants Home Health Care Assistants Surgical Technologists/Technicians (STs) Work under direction of physician and provide total health care. - Observes patients
- Assesses patient's needs
- Reports to other health care personnel
- Administers prescribed medications & treatments
- Teaches health care
- Supervises other nursing personnel Specializations in: Nurse Practitioner (CRNP), Nurse Midwife (CNM), Nurse Educator, Nurse Anesthetist. Under supervision of physicians or RNs Provide patient care requiring technical knowledge, not same as RN. Job Responsibilities Specific to Facility Type:
home, hospital, long-term care facility, adult daycare center, physician's office, clinic, wellness center. Nurse Aides, Nurse Technician, Patient Care Technicians (PCTs) Work under the supervision of RNs or LPNs. They provide patient care such as baths, bedmaking, and feeding.
Assist in transfer and ambulation.
Administer basic treatments. Need to Acquire Additional Education Provide care for the elderly in work environments such as:
Extended care facilities, nursing homes, retirement homes, adult day care agencies, etc. Trained to work in patient's home & may perform additional duties such as meal prep or cleaning Operating Room Technicians Under the supervision of RNs or physicians - Prepare patients for surgery
- Set up instruments, equipment and sterile supplies in OR
- Assist during surgery by passing instruments & supplies to surgeon Nutrition & Dietary Services Workers employed in the nutrition and dietary services recognize the importance of proper nutrition to good health. Using knowledge of nutrition, they promote wellness and optimum health by providing dietary guidelines used to treat various diseases, teaching proper nutrition, and preparing foods for HCFs. Dieticians (RDs) Dietetic Technicians (DTs) Dietetic Assistants Nutritionists - Manage food service systems
- Asses residents'/residents' nutritional needs
- Plan menus
- Teach others proper nutrition and special diets
- Purchase food and equipment
- Enforce sanitary and safety rules Specialize in:
Pediatric, Renal, Diabetic, Weight Management Working under the supervision of dieticians Plan menus, order foods, standardize and test recipe, assist with food preparation, and provide basic dietary instruction. Food Service Workers Work under the supervision of dietitians. Assist with food preparation and service
Help patients select menus
Clean work areas
Assist other dietary workers Therapeutic Services Use a variety of treatments to help patients who are injured, physically or mentally disabled or emotionally disturbed. All treatment is directed towards allowing patients to function at maximum capacity. Occupational Therapists (OTs) Occupational Therapy Assistants (OTAs) Pharmacists (PharmDs) Pharmacy Technicians Physical Therapists (PTs) Physical Therapist Assistants (PTAs) Massage Therapist Recreational Therapist (TRs) Recreational Therapy Assistants Respiratory Therapists (RTs) Speech-Language Therapists Audiologists Art, Music, Dance Therapists Athletic Trainers (ATs) Perfusionists Dialysis Technicians Help people with physical, developmental, mental or emotional disabilities to overcome, correct, or adjust to their particular problem. Use various activities to assist the patient in learning skills or activities of daily living (ADL), adapting job skills, or preparing for return to work. Treatment is directed toward helping patients acquire independence, regain lost functions, adapt to disabilities, and lead productive and satisfying lives. Working under the guidance of occupational therapists Help patients carry out programs of prescribed treatment.
- Direct patients in arts & craft projects, recreation or social events.
- Teach & help patients carry out rehabilitation activities and exercises.
- Use games to develop balance and coordination.
- Assist patients trying to master the activities of daily living. Dispense medications per written orders by physicians, dentists, and other HCPs to prescribe medications. They provide information on drugs and correct ways to use them; order & dispense other health care items such as surgical and sickroom supplies; recommend nonprescription items; ensure drug compatibility; maintain records on medications dispensed Working under the supervision of pharmacists Help prepare medications for dispensing to patients
Perform inventories and order supplies
Prepare intravenous solution
Help maintain records Extracorporeal Circulation Technologists Member of an open-heart surgical team and operate the heart-lung machines used in coronary bypass surgery. Operate the kidney hemodialysis machines used to treat patients with limited or no kidney function. Careful patient monitoring is critical during the dialysis process. Must also provide emotional support for the patient and teach proper nutrition. Provide treatment to improve mobility and prevent or limit permanent disability of patients with disabling joint, bone, muscle, and/or nerve injuries or diseases. Treatment may include exercise, massage, applications of heat, cold, water, light, electricity, or ultrasound. They promote health and prevent injuries by developing proper exercise programs and teaching patients correct use of muscles. Working under the supervision of physical therapists. Help carry out prescribed plans of treatment.
- Perform exercises and massages.
- Administer applications of heat, cold, & water.
- Assist patients to ambulate with canes, crutches, or braces.
- Provide ultrasound or electrical stimulation treatments. Usually work under the supervision of physicians or physical therapists. Use many variations of massage, bodywork, and therapeutic touch to muscles to provide pain relief for chronic conditions or inflammatory diseases; improve lymphatic circulation to decrease edema; and relieve stress and tension. Therapeutic Recreation Specialists Use recreational and leisure activities as forms of treatment to minimize patients' symptoms and improve, PEM well-being. Activities may include: dances, arts & crafts, field trips to shopping center, movies, book readings, etc. Activity Directors Work under the supervision of recreational therapists or other HCPs. Assist in carrying out the activities planned by therapist and arrange activities or events. Under physician's orders, treat patients with heart and lung diseases by administering oxygen, gases, or medications; using exercise to improve breathing; monitoring ventilators; and performing diagnostic respiratory function tests. Speech Pathologist Identify, evaluate, and treat patients with speech and language disorders. They help patients communicate as effectively as possible, and also teach patients to cope with problems created by speech impairments. Provide care to individuals who have hearing impairments. They test hearing, diagnose problems, and prescribe treatment, which may include hearing aids, auditory training, or instruction in speech or lip reading. Test noise levels in workplaces and develop hearing protection programs. Use the arts to help patients deal with social, physical, or emotional problems. Therapists usually work with individuals who are emotionally disturbed, mentally retarded, or physically disabled, but they may also work with adults and children who have no disabilities in an effort to promote physical and mental wellness. Prevent and treat athletic injuries and provide rehabilitative services to athletes. The athletic trainer frequently works with a physician who specializes in sports medicine. Teach proper nutrition; assess the physical condition of athletes; give advice regarding a physical conditioning program to increase strength and flexibility or correct weaknesses; put tape or padding on players to protect body parts; treat minor injuries; administer first aid. Veterinary Careers Focus on providing care to all types of animals - from house pets to live stock to wildlife. Veterinarians (DVMs or VMDs) Veterinary Technicians (VTRs) Veterinary Assistants Work to prevent, diagnose, and treat diseases and injuries in animals. Specialties include surgery, small animal care, livestock, fish and wildlife and research. Animal Health Technicians Working under the supervision of veterinarians Assist with the handling and care of animals, collect specimens, assist with surgery, perform laboratory tests, take and develop X-rays, administer prescribed treatments, and maintain records. Animal Caretakers Feed, bathe, and groom animals; exercise animals; prepare animals for treatment; assist with examinations; clean and sanitize cages, exam tables, and surgical areas; maintain records. Vision Services Provide care to prevent and treat vision disorders. Optometrists (ODs) Ophthalmic Medical Technologists (OMTs) Ophthalmic Technicians (OTs) Ophthalmic Assistants (OAs) Opticians Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians Doctors of Optometry Examine eyes for vision problems and defects
Prescribe corrective lenses or eye exercises
Use drugs for diagnosis and/or treatment
Eye surgery Working under the supervision of ophthalmologists Obtain patient histories; perform routine eye tests and measurements; fit patients for contacts; administer prescribed treatments; assist with eye surgery; perform advanced diagnostic tests such as ocular motility and biocular function tests; administer prescribed medications Work under the supervision of ophthalmologists and optometrists. Prepare patients for exams, obtain medical histories, take ocular measurements, administer basic vision tests, maintain surgical instruments, adjust glasses, teach eye exercises, measure contacts, instruct patients on care of contacts, perform receptionist duties. Assistants prepare patients for examinations, measure visual acuity, perform receptionist duties, help patients with frame selections and fittings, order lenses, perform minor adjustments and repairs of glasses, teach proper care and use of contact lenses. Make and fit the eyeglasses or lenses prescribed by the ophthalmologists and optometrists. Specialize in contact lenses. Cut, grind, finish, polish, and mount the lenses used in eyeglasses, contact lenses, and other optical instruments such as telescopes and binoculars. Emergency Medical Services Provide emergency, pre-hospital care to victims of accidents, injuries, or sudden illnesses. Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) Paramedic (EMT-P) Individual with only basic training in first aid, EMT required for most jobs. Provide care for a wide range of illnesses and injuries including medical emergencies, bleeding, fractures, airway obstruction, basic life support, oxygen administration, emergency childbirth, rescue of trapped persons and transporting of victims. Perform all the basic EMT duties plus in-depth patient assessment, provision of advanced cardiac life support, ECG interpretation, endotracheal tubation, drug administration, and operation of complex equipment. Health Information & Communication Services Employ many different types of health care workers at all levels. Careers include medical records workers, medical illustrators, photographers, writers, and librarians. Medical Records Administrators (RAs) Medical Records Technicians Medical Transcriptionists Unit Secretaries, Ward Clerks, or Unit Coordinators Medical Illustrators Medical Librarians Plan the systems for storing and obtaining information from records. Prepare information for legal actions and insurance claims; compile statistics for organizations and government agencies; manage medical records departments; ensure the confidentiality of patient information; supervise and train other personnel. Health Information Technicians Organize and code patient records; gather statistical or research data; record information. Use a word processor to enter data that has been dictated on an audiotape recorder by a physician or other HCP. Examples include: physical examination reports, surgical reports, consultation findings, progress notes, and radiology reports. Record information on records, schedule procedures or tests, answer telephones, order supplies, and work with computers to record or obtain information. Use their artistic and creative talents to produce illustrations, charts, graphs and diagrams for health textbooks, journals, magazines, and exhibits. Another related field: Medical Photographer
~ Takes photographs or records videotapes of surgical procedures, health education information, documentation of conditions before and after reconstructive surgery, and legal information such as injuries after an accident. Health Sciences Librarians Organize books, journals, and other print materials to provide health information to other HCPs. Use technology to create information centers for large HCFs or to provide information to health care providers. Over 200 different careers in health care provide opportunities to find occupations you will enjoy!
Each health care career differs somewhat in the type of duties performed, education required, the standards that must be met and maintained and salary earned.