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Declaration of Independence vs. the Social Contract Theory

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Hannah C.S.

on 5 December 2014

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Transcript of Declaration of Independence vs. the Social Contract Theory

Declaration of Independence vs. the Social Contract Theory
Compare
* Both discuss in great detail that of life, liberty and property.
* Both state that although society is being governed, they have the ability to make amendments, speak their mind, and argue their view at any time.
* The Social Contract Theory is used to support many crucial ideas dealing with rights throughout the Declaration of Independence.
Contrast
* Natural Rights (life, liberty and property) are what are spoken of in the Declaration of Independence (others being open to interpretation) but according to the Social Contract Theory, to attain these rights one must commit to a contract under an authority.
* Discussed in the Declaration but not in the Contract, that there should be a separation of powers and the governed to have protected rights.
Declaration of Independence
The Social Contract in Motion
What even is the Social Contract Theory?
Devised by John Locke and Thomas Hobbes, this theory is based on the "Social Contract" which states that man lives in the State of Nature. According to the State of nature life consists of one's life being "solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short". Because man has a natural desire for order and security instead of having a solitary and short life, man enters into a contract. To do this one has to voluntarily surrender all their rights and freedoms to an authority.
Question 3
What are the 3 sections to the Declaration of Independence?
The Declaration of Independence
* The founding document of the structure of our government.
* States that all men are created free and equal and each adhere to the same rights and laws.
* There are three parts to the Declaration.
- The Preamble (summarizes the principles of our government)
- A list of charges against King George III
- A conclusion (discussing the call of duty, action, and sacrifice).
As the Declaration was written as to describe (in the Preamble) the principles for our government so as to break away from King George III, it is very much so a persuasive argument.
The document persuaded the new nation to remain confident in our new government as we progressed toward becoming a thriving sovereignty.

Through the particular writing style, this document is also clearly a persuasive argument shown through the distinct and detailed guidance and information, repetition of particular phrases and clear instructions.
The Declaration Being Signed
The Declaration of Independence as a persuasive argument
Full transcript