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Copy of Elements of Drama and Literary Terms

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Rachel Appleby

on 24 September 2012

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Transcript of Copy of Elements of Drama and Literary Terms

Elements of Drama and Literary Terms Drama Prose- Normal speech rhythm

Shakespeare often wrote characters speaking in all verse or all prose.

If the character shifts from its normal form, be aware of a change in state of mind… often prose signals a character slipping into insanity Stage Direction Italicized comments that identify parts of the setting or the use of props or costumes, give more information about a character, or provide background information Motif Pun- a play on words, often achieved through the use of words with similar sounds but different meaning. Shakespearian Sonnet- 14 line poem written in iambic pantemeter having the rhyme scheme of abab cdcd efef gg Soliloquy- an unusually long speech in which a character is onstage alone expressing his or her thoughts aloud.

The other characters do not hear this. It's meant for the audience. Allusion- a reference to something literary, mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize. Comedy- Oxymoron- an expression in which two words that contradict each other are joined. Aside- words that are spoken by a character in a play to the audience or to another character, but are not supposed to be heard by other characters. Tragedy- a work in which the protagonist is engaged in a significant struggle which ends in ruin, death, or general destruction. Monologue- a prolonged talk or discourse by a single speaker,one dominating or monopolizing a conversation. an important and sometimes recurring theme or idea in a work of literature a play, movie, etc., of light and humorous character with a happy or cheerful ending Dramatic Foil- a character in a drama that brings out or intensifies character qualities in another character Blank Verse- any verse comprised of unrhymed lines all in the same meter, usually iambic pentameter Verbal Irony- Saying something and meaning something else Ex- Like saying to your brother "Thanks for helping put up the tent." While your brother sat down and watched you put it up. Dramatic Irony- when the audience or reader knows something the character does not. Ex- When we know that the bad guy is about to walk in the room where the girl is hiding. Situational Irony- When the opposite of what you expect happens Ex- After you clean the floors, your dog comes in and tracks mud all over the floor. Comic Relief- an amusing scene, incident, or speech introduced into serious or tragic elements, as in a play, in order to provide temporary relief from tension, or to intensify the dramatic action. Ex- His fear of snakes was his Achilles heel.

When Marsha lost her job, she acted like a Scrooge, and refused to buy anything for her children for Christmas. Ex- A fine mess

A little too big Ex- If 2 good guys are trying to make a plan to beat the bad guy and they talk to each other about it. Ex- Meructio and Romeo
Harry Potter and Draco Malfoy Ex- The eery silence was shattered by a scream. Ex- I'm glad I know sign language, it's pretty handy.

The experienced carpenter really nailed it, but the new guy screwed everything up. Ex- Where one person talks while everyone else is quiet Ex- Angry
Confused
Joyous Ex- Seasons
Illness
Consequences of greed
The quest Ex- The protagonist gets in a
battle which lead to the death of one of his friends. Lines that are spoken by a character directly to the audience. Aside Phrases or words which have double meanings, one of which can be sexual in nature Double Entedre Tragic Hero A protagonist with a fatal flaw which eventually leads to his demise In the world of Shakespeare, a comedy
usually ends with a wedding. "What was that?" Max asked, quivering.
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