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Copy of Elements of Drama and Literary Terms
Transcript of Copy of Elements of Drama and Literary Terms
Shakespeare often wrote characters speaking in all verse or all prose.
If the character shifts from its normal form, be aware of a change in state of mind… often prose signals a character slipping into insanity Stage Direction Italicized comments that identify parts of the setting or the use of props or costumes, give more information about a character, or provide background information Motif Pun- a play on words, often achieved through the use of words with similar sounds but different meaning. Shakespearian Sonnet- 14 line poem written in iambic pantemeter having the rhyme scheme of abab cdcd efef gg Soliloquy- an unusually long speech in which a character is onstage alone expressing his or her thoughts aloud.
The other characters do not hear this. It's meant for the audience. Allusion- a reference to something literary, mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize. Comedy- Oxymoron- an expression in which two words that contradict each other are joined. Aside- words that are spoken by a character in a play to the audience or to another character, but are not supposed to be heard by other characters. Tragedy- a work in which the protagonist is engaged in a significant struggle which ends in ruin, death, or general destruction. Monologue- a prolonged talk or discourse by a single speaker,one dominating or monopolizing a conversation. an important and sometimes recurring theme or idea in a work of literature a play, movie, etc., of light and humorous character with a happy or cheerful ending Dramatic Foil- a character in a drama that brings out or intensifies character qualities in another character Blank Verse- any verse comprised of unrhymed lines all in the same meter, usually iambic pentameter Verbal Irony- Saying something and meaning something else Ex- Like saying to your brother "Thanks for helping put up the tent." While your brother sat down and watched you put it up. Dramatic Irony- when the audience or reader knows something the character does not. Ex- When we know that the bad guy is about to walk in the room where the girl is hiding. Situational Irony- When the opposite of what you expect happens Ex- After you clean the floors, your dog comes in and tracks mud all over the floor. Comic Relief- an amusing scene, incident, or speech introduced into serious or tragic elements, as in a play, in order to provide temporary relief from tension, or to intensify the dramatic action. Ex- His fear of snakes was his Achilles heel.
When Marsha lost her job, she acted like a Scrooge, and refused to buy anything for her children for Christmas. Ex- A fine mess
A little too big Ex- If 2 good guys are trying to make a plan to beat the bad guy and they talk to each other about it. Ex- Meructio and Romeo
Harry Potter and Draco Malfoy Ex- The eery silence was shattered by a scream. Ex- I'm glad I know sign language, it's pretty handy.
The experienced carpenter really nailed it, but the new guy screwed everything up. Ex- Where one person talks while everyone else is quiet Ex- Angry
Joyous Ex- Seasons
Consequences of greed
The quest Ex- The protagonist gets in a
battle which lead to the death of one of his friends. Lines that are spoken by a character directly to the audience. Aside Phrases or words which have double meanings, one of which can be sexual in nature Double Entedre Tragic Hero A protagonist with a fatal flaw which eventually leads to his demise In the world of Shakespeare, a comedy
usually ends with a wedding. "What was that?" Max asked, quivering.