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Chapter 14: The Family and Intimate Relationship

Sociology 1010 Group Presentation
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on 5 August 2014

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Transcript of Chapter 14: The Family and Intimate Relationship

Divorce
Chapter 14: The Family and Intimate Relationship
Global View of the Family
Sociological Perspectives on the Family
Marriage and Family
Divorce
Diverse Lifestyle
Social Policy and The Family: Gay Marriage

Contents
Marriage and Family
Global View of the Family
Functionalist View
Definitions.
Conflict theorists view the family not as a contributor to social stability, but as a reflection of the inequality in wealth and power that is found within the larger society.
Conflict View
Examples of some courtship and mate selection procedures;

Online Networking ( Christian Mingle & eharmony).
Meeting at work or school.
Match Making ( arranged marriages). E.g. Child marriage in India.
Courtship & Mate Selection
Most states have adopted more liberal divorce laws in the past three decades
No Fault Law- Allowing couples to end their marriage without fault on either side
Divorce has become a more practical option in newly formed families
More and more wives are becoming less dependent on their husband emotionally and economically. they may feel more able to leave a marriage if it seems hopeless
Factors Associated with Divorce
Diverse Lifestyles
Cohabitation:
The practice of couples living together without marrying
Remaining Single
The trend towards maintaining a single life style for a longer period of time is related to the growing economic dependence of young people
About half of all currently married couples in the U.S say that they lived together before marriage
in Europe its so common that the general sentiment seems to be "Love, yes; marriage, maybe"
Some reasons for not marrying:
Don't want to limit their sexual intimacy to one lifetime partner
Dont' want to become highly dependent on any one person
Single life can offer certain freedoms married life doesn't offer
Marriage Without Children
16-17% of women have completed their childbearing years without having kids compared to 10% in 1980
In a government estimate for 2012, the average middle-class family would spend $229,320 to feed, cloth, and shelter a child from birth to the age of 18
Lesbian and Gay Relationships

The 2010 Census showed 594,000 gay households and a gay and lesbian population of approximatley 4 million
Sociological Perspectives on the Family
Social Policy and the Family: Gay Marriage
A family is a basic social unit consisting people related to each other, especially parents and their children( Schaefer 2011).
what is
Family
?
the set of people related by blood,marriage or some other agreed-on relationship, or adoption.
Different types of family
Nuclear Family
Extended Family
Monogamy
Serial Monogamy
Polygamy[Polygyny, and Polyandry
]
Nuclear Family
Extended Family
Monogamy
Serial Monogamy
Polygamy
Polyandry
Polygyny
Kinship Patterns
Kinship- the state of being related to one other
Patrilineal Descent: Father's relatives are significant
Matrilineal Descent: Mother's relatives are significant
Bilateral Descent: Both sides of a person family are regarded as equally important

Authority Patterns
Who's the authority figure in your household?

There are three types of authority in the way our societies distributed power within the family
Patriarchy
: Males dominate in all family decision
Matriarchy
: Females dominate in all family decision
Egalitarian Family
: 50/50 both man and women decision are equal
Many Sociologist believe that the egalitarian family has begun to replace the patriarchal family as the social norm.
Most household in the USA do not consist of two parents living with their unmarried children
Impacts On Children
Divorce is traumatic for all involved
it has a special meaning for over 1 million children's whose parents divorce each year.
For many it signals a welcome end to a very dysfunctional relationship
Many kids who are younger many be affected more because they lack knowledge of the situation
then again there are those who could care less
women are less likely then men to remarry because many retain custody of their children after divorce, which may complicated a new relationship
Looking at the issue
Why is gay marriage such a big national issue?

Is same-sex marriage an attack against traditional marriages or a formal acknowledgment of monogamous relationships between homosexuals?

A 2009 survey showed that 53 percent oppose allowing gay couples to marry
57 percent were in favor of allowing gay couples to enter legal unions
Functionalist view:
In the functionalists view marriage is closely tied to reproduction, which same-sex couples cant out rightly do, however they can raise children by means of adoption or a sperm or egg donor. Functionalist also point out religious views against same-sex marriage.
Conflict view:
Conflict theorists liken the ban on gay marriage to ban on interracial marriage that lasted until 1967 in 32 states, implying gays treatment as second class citizens.
Interactionist view:
Factors that influence Mate Selection
Interactionists focus on the nature of same sex households, and have found similiar issues in both hetrosexual and homosexual couples
Initiating Policy
Many societies have explicit or
unstated rules
that define potential mates as acceptable or unacceptable.

Endogamy:
Marrying someone within your race or ethnicity.
Exogamy
: Marrying someone outside certain racial groups. Usually one's family or particular kinfolk ( rich marrying the rich).
Homogamy
: Consciously or unconsciously marrying someone who has similar interest or personality like yours. E.g dating sites like; eharmony, Chritian mingle makes this possible.
The trend is toward recognition of same-sex marriages, and is already recognized in various countries across Europe as well as Argentina, Portugal, Spain, South Africa, Uruguay, Brazil, Mexico, and Canada
In the United States, many local jurisdictions have passed legislation allowing domestic partnerships, which are defined as two unrelated adults who share a mutually caring relationship, and agree to be jointly responsible for their basic necessities.
Marriage
A Family
Several states have passed gay marriage laws but the Defense of Marriage Act states that other states do not have to recognize same sex marriages performed in other states.
Marriage is the legal or religious ceremony that formalizes the decision of two people to live together as husband and wife. ( Dictionary.com n.d).
Did you Know......?

"According to a national survey done in 2010, the internet is a source of romantc partners- ahead of family, workplace and neighborhood" ( Schaefer 2011).
Why ??
Variations in Family Life and Intimate Relationships
Social class, race and ethnicity affect the life styles of families.
Those in the upper class are more concerned with
keeping their family names
, lineage and position in the society.
Believed
to have stable and peaceful homes;
Have no school drop outs or drug addicts!
On the contrary
some rich peoples' children take advantage of their parents wealth to become lazy( no educational pursuits) & live reckless lives( Schaefer 2011: 310)
Upper class
Lower Class

Bother less
about keeping their "family names" but struggle to 'make ends meet'. Children in this class
assume responsibilities at a very young age.
They are often sterotyped. e.g African Americans are believed to have the higest rates of single parents, unstable homes and drug addicts.
The family performs six paramount functions, first defined by sociologist William F. Ogburn.
Reproduction
Protection
Socialization
Regulation of Sexual Behavior
Affection and Companionship
Provision of Social Status
Conflict theorists also view the family as an economic unit that contributes to societal injustice considering the family transfers power, property, and privilege from one generation to the next
Interactionist View
Interactionists focus on the micro level of family and other intimate relationships. They are interested with how individuals interact with one another.
Femininst Perspective
Feminist theorists have urged social scientists and social agencies to rethink the notion that families in which no adult male is present are automatically a cause for concern or dysfunctional.
Full transcript