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Parenthetical Citations in MLA
Transcript of Parenthetical Citations in MLA
Quotation marks are always used when you directly quote another source.
The parenthetical reference (which includes the names of the authors and the page number of the quote) points readers to the Works Cited page that lists the details about the source.
First, find a quality source to cite.
Here's one way you can integrate parenthetical citations into a research paper.
Like this journal article
Next, find some information in the article that's helpful to your paper.
Like this quote
Highlight or make note of any exact quotes, statistics, or other information you want to use.
Now let's move to your paper
and don't forget the page number (if one is available)
And here's the quote from your source
This makes it clear to your readers exactly what information was used from the source.
Here's the full parenthetical reference.
It's called "parenthetical reference" because you're putting the information in parenthesis ().
See how the authors and page number match with our source article? That's no accident!
Now let's look at the Works Cited page.
Here's the entry for your source article.
Now, anyone who reads your paper will know the exact source of the quote you used.
This allows your readers to access the original source for their own research.
If you paraphrase information, instead of directly quoting it, you won't need quotation marks but you will need the parenthetical reference.
See how the two are linked?
This example showed one way to cite a direct quotation:
You can also integrate the author’s name into the sentence and cite the page number in parenthesis like this:
by including the author name and page number in parenthesis like this:
Also focusing on adolescents, McCambridge, McAlaney, and Rowe attempted
"to evaluate the possible effects of any behavioural measure of
adolescent alcohol consumption on any adult outcome" (2).
(McCambridge, McAlaney, and Rowe 2).
Both ways are acceptable.
Each time you cite a source choose the method that increases readability of your paper.
Click the play button to start.
Keep clicking it to read through.
Parenthetical Citations with MLA