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Copy of The Period, Exclamation, and Question Mark

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Nyingilanyeofori Brown

on 10 May 2013

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Transcript of Copy of The Period, Exclamation, and Question Mark

Impact of Amnesty on Sustainable Peacebuilding:
Case study of the Niger Delta Amnesty UNIVERSE OF STUDY
Youths ( aged 15-45years) from Rivers and Bayelsa States

( enrolled and NOT enrolled in the amnesty program) Outline:
The Problem
The Proposal Background- Nigeria:
Rich in natural resources
Has 36 states, borders four other countries namely : Niger, Benin, Cameroon and Chad.
population of about 174 million people,
over 250 ethnic groups and
the people speak over 500 indigenous languages
People were predominantly farmers until 1956 RESEARCH QUESTION:

What civil, economic, political and security factors have been influenced and changed since the implementation of the amnesty program in the Niger Delta region and How could this and other programs on sustainable peacebuilding be made more effective?

NIGER DELTA: The Conflict

The Niger Delta comprises of nine states with oil and gas resources in the delta region of the Niger river in the country

In 1956, oil was discovered in Oliobiri community(Bayelsa state) in the south of the country called the Niger Delta.

1990 – 1995 : Ken Saro Wiwa, MOSOP and Ogoni Nine

1998: Kaima declaration and Bayelsa Massacre ( 37 youths and 12 youth leaders) –find name of declaration.

This and other conflicts resulted in formation of militant groups against the government and oil and gas companies.

Groups vandalized oil pipelines, stole crude from pipelines, kidnapped and terrorized the creeks of the Delta.

This resulted in constant pursuit by the military and Navy, thereby driving the youths to the creeks.
In 2009, The President of Nigeria passed a declaration for amnesty to militants in the Niger Delta region.

This pardon was accepted by the youths and over 200,000 enrolled in the. Program.

Contradictory publications about the program( some in support, some against)

The need for verification of the impact of the program.
Flexible/Qualitative and Case study KEY CONCEPTS TO TRACK


Civil & Political:

Security: Thank you for Listening

Questions? by
Brown Nyingilanyeofori Hannah
Full transcript