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Existentialism and the Theatre of the Absurd
Transcript of Existentialism and the Theatre of the Absurd
Absurdity can be seen in many post-war literature such as Catch 22 and Slaughterhouse Five “Some people see things that are and ask, Why? Some people dream of things that never were and ask, Why not? Some people have to go to work and don't have time for all that ...” –George carlin E X I S T E N T I A L I S M Existentialism is “the philosophy that is centered upon the analysis of existence and of the way humans find themselves existing in the world” Existentialism ponders the questions: Why do we exist? Why is there suffering? Why do we die?
It is the "dillema of modern humanity" -"What do I know about man's destiny? I could tell you more about radishes."
-Samuel Beckett The Theatre of the Absurd presents an existentialist point of view of the world and reality, and forces the audience to "consider the meaning of their existence in a world where there appears to be no true order or meaning"
Driven by the basis of existentialism, it expands the role of philosophy and metaphor in theatrical drama.
Existentialism sprung out directly after the Great Depression and World War Two, a period of despair and hopelessness.
It seeks to find and define meaning and identity in a world of chaos and meaninglessness.
Famous existentialists include Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Sartre, and of course, Camus The Theatre of the Absurd has forever altered theatre by enriching the traditional dramatic technique and "contributing to an enlargement of human perception"
The movement has produced some of the most brilliant and original works of the twentieth century, and has presented thought-provoking ideas for its audiences and for the entire world Most importantly, the Theatre of the Absurd and Existentialism has brought philosophical growth and revolutionized the way in which the world viewed and understood (or better yet, attempted to understand) existence and conciousness. "We all die. The goal isn't to live forever, the goal is to create something that will."