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English grammar presentation
Transcript of English grammar presentation
II. Sructure of sentence SUMMARY 1) The singer has dirty long curly brown hair
2) The singer has long dirty brown curly hair
3) The singer has dirty long brown curly hair EXAMPLE When using more than one adjective,
you need to follow this order
Opinions before facts :
Adjectives like new/large/round/wooden are fact adjectives. They give us factual information about age, size, color...
Adjectives like nice/beautiful are opinion adjectives. They tell us what somebody thinks of something or somebody Order of adjectives 4) Age :
New, old, second-hand
5) Shape, pattern, colour :
Circular, flat, striped, red, black
6) Origin, nationality :
French, Japanese, American, Scandinavian Order of adjectives 7) Material :
Wooden, metal, plastic, steel
8) Type (what kind?) :
economic (policy), safety (device),
investment (bank), face (cream) Order of adjectives Inversion can be used :
After words and expressions that have negative or restrictive (hardly, never, only..) meaning when there are placed at the beginning of the sentence
No sooner/hardly does he finish his hamburger, he orders a new one.
Not only is he ugly but also disgusting.
Little did he know that she had already a boyfriend. INVERSION In a conditional sentence with subordinate clause when if is not used and when introduced by had, should and were.
Had I known, I wouldn’t have said anything.
= If I had known…
Should you be interested in our offer, please contact our financial advisor.
= if you should be interested…
Were it is not for his mother, he would have emigrated.
= if it weren’t… INVERSION After an adverb of intensity placed at the beginning of the sentence.
So beautiful did he play that it brought tears to her eyes.
Such was the pain that she nearly fainted.
When the adverbial complements are placed at the beginning of the sentence.
Among those who left was her brother. INVERSION 1) Not only she looks naive but also she sings a stupid song
2) Not only looks she naive but also sings she a stupid song
3) Not only looks she naive but also she sings a stupid song Example Marie Constanty, Sibylle Danton,
Hortense Ehret, Camille Vautier When the sentence is introduced by an adverb or particle.
Up came the little boy.
When using indirect speech.
“You’re late again” said John. INVERSION Sometimes we use 2 or more fact adjectives together. Usually we put fact adjectives in this order
1) Opinion :
Wonderful, lovely, nice, difficult, important
2) Size :
Large, small, long, short
3) Other qualities :
Cheap, clean, quiet, fast Order of adjectives