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Transcript of Feudalism
Nobles/Lords and Ladies
A monarch is a ruler, such as a king or a queen.
The monarchs were expected to keep order and to provide protection for their vassals. They also gave fiefs to their vassals.
Nobles are people of high rank by birth or title.
Lords are rulers, or powerful landholders.
It was the lord's responsibility to manage the land and to provide knights to defend the people who worked on it. Moreover, nobles also served as judges.
Knights pledged their loyalty to their lord and promised to protect their lord's manor.
Vassals pledged service and loyalty for fiefs. Fiefs are lands granted by a lord to a vassal in exchange for loyalty and service.
Knights are armed warriors that fought on behalf of their lord.
Peasants supported the feudal system by working the land. This freed the lords' and knights' time to prepare for fighting the wars.
Peasants worked in the land, raised crops, tended livestock, and paid taxes. Additionally, peasant women took care of their children and homes.
Feudalism is an economic and political system that developed in Europe during the Middle Ages.
Why it was created?
The leaders after Charlemagne failed to defend the empire from the Vikings. So, William the Conqueror brought feudal institutions from Europe when he defeated England. This created stability.
By: Rineeta Lahiri
Vassals provided knights and soldiers to protect the fief that they earned from the lord.
How to become a knight
1. The boy will leave home at age 7 to become a page.
2. The page will learn how to ride a horse and will recieve religious instruction from the local priest or friar.
3. After 7 years of of being a page, the young boy became a squire.
4. The squire trained to become warriors. They learned how to fight and use weapons.
5. Lastly, in his early 20's, if the squire was deserving, he would become a knight.
Chivalry is the medival knight's code of behavior, including bravery, loyalty, and respect for women.
Role of Noblewomen
Noblewomen raised the children and managed the household.
The Divine Right of Kings
Most medival monarchs believed in the divine right of kings.
The divine right of kings is the belief that God gives monarchs the right to rule.
Sometimes during the early middle ages, great lords became very powerful and governed their fiefs as independent states. So in these cases, monarchs aren't very powerful.
Nobles, Lords, and Ladies are vassals when they get fiefs from a lord or monarch. They can also give fiefs to their vassals.
Vassals pledged service and loyalty for land.
Types of Peasants
There are free peasants who can rent land and they only had to pay the rent for the land to the lord.
There are unfree peasants, called serfs, they farmed their lord's land and could never leave their lord's estate.
Most peasants lived in tiny houses that had one or two rooms. The whole family could eat and sleep in one room. Some also housed their farm animals in the house.
Problems Feudalism Hoped to Solve
When feudalism came to England, people hoped they would solve the problem of Vikings invading.