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Consequences of the American Revolution

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Harjeev Gogoani

on 14 February 2015

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Transcript of Consequences of the American Revolution


Impact 2: the loyalists
Consequences of the american revolution
The American Revolution, commonly known as the American War of Independence, drastically impacted the history of North America. When the American colonies successfully overthrew the once undisputed authority and influence of Great Britain, a new-found sense of pride between the inhabitants of America became evident. Birth was given to a new nation, and the war, which ended in 1783, brought about many changes for the people of North America.
impact #1: American independence
Perhaps the most significant event that resulted from the revolution was American independence. The rebellion of the discontented American colonies challenged the abilities of the British Empire. Through battles, rebellions, violent incidents, protests, and an organization of opposition, the thirteen colonies successfully gained economic and political freedom from the colonial government of Great Britain, and after much struggle, Britain were forced to recognize that the United States, which was what the thirteen colonies called themselves, was a free and liberated country.
American colonists that chose to remain loyal to the British monarchy during the American revolution were known as loyalists. When the revolution ended and the Treaty of Paris was signed, over 80,000 loyalists were forced to leave their homes in the United States and immigrate to England or to other British colonies. A majority of the loyalists took advantage of Britain's offer of farmland in the colonies of Quebec, Nova Scotia, and the Prince Edward Island. At the time of the revolution, an approximate number of 500 000 African-Americans lived or worked in the thirteen colonies. Great Britain, hoping to weaken the plantation economies of many American states, offered freedom to the slaves in the colonies. Desperate to be free, some of these slaves began working on behalf of the British and became soldiers, cooks, labourers, or nurses, but after the war ene ended, some were sold back into slavery.
After the revolution, law and government in the American colonies changed as the colonies began to make their own decisions based on how to govern. Significant choices were to be made regarding the principles that the colonists would live under, and more importantly, how the United States and the thirteen colonies would choose to run their country.
When the British lost the revolutionary war, the Treaty of Paris recognized American independence and divided British North America without paying attention to the needs of the First Nations. Joseph Brant, a military and political leader, changed this by proposing a letter to the grand council stating the injustice done to his people. This letter impacted the British government to give the First Nations land they rightfully deserved. In return, the First Nations would remain loyal to Britain.
In time, the loyalists began to prove problematic for the British government. Those who chose to settle in Quebec after the revolutionary war began to demand that they be governed separately from the French-speaking Canadiens. Passed in 1971, the Constitutional Act divided Quebec into two colonies. Lower Canada kept the culture of the French, the Catholic region and French civil law, while Upper Canada was English-speaking and had British laws and institutions.
The American Revolution had a monumental effect not only on North America, but also on Europe. The success of American independence served as an inspiration to European colonies who were not satisfied with the laws they lived under. By declaring independence, America portrayed the idea that it was possible to overthrow powers that did wrong. The American Revolution influenced the French Revolution when Europeans obtained information about the war from soldiers returning from America. French soldiers returned back home to France with ideas and knowledge of revolt, and began to believe that they could rebel against those who did them injustice. The American Revolution was the first time in which a colony had rebelled, protested and fought and successfully claimed the rights that belonged to them. This inspired many other European nations and colonies to revolt.
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