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Penelope and Her Guest
Transcript of Penelope and Her Guest
7. The beggar (Odysseus) adequately describes Odysseus to Penelope, which makes her weep
8. She offers him a bath; which he accepts with the condition that he is aided by a maid (Eurycleia)
9. His old nurse recognizes Odysseus when he bathes due to the scar on his thigh.
10. He got the scar on his thigh when he got attacked a boar as a child when he went hunting with his grandfather.
11. Penelope describes a dream about geese being attacked by an eagle, and asks the beggar how to interpret the dream. He tells her it means death for some of the suitors.
12. Penelope says she will end the suiting tomorrow with a contest which includes shooting a bow-and-arrow, and she says she will marry the winner.
13. The beggar promises Odysseus will be present.
1. Odysseus orders Telemachus to "stow the weapons out of reach... all the arms and armor." (19.4-5)
2. Telemachus tells his old nurse Eurycleia to "close the women up in their quarters." (19.16-17)
3. Odysseus and Athena move the armory together, and "Athena strode before them, lifting a gold lamp." (19.36)
4. Melantho gets angry with Odysseus and asks him to leave.
5. Penelope tells the Beggar (Odysseus' disguise) about her pains waiting for her husband to return.
6. The Beggar tells a fake story about his background; which he includes how he played host to Odysseus.
Questions to Think About
“‘Odysseus must have feet and hands like his [Aethon] by now—hardship can age a person overnight.’”
“‘Many a way-worn guest has landed here but never, I swear, has one so struck my eyes—your build, your voice, your feet—you’re like Odysseus... to the life!’”
“Give the boy the name I tell you now. Just as I have come from afar, creating pain for many—men and women across the good green earth—so let his name be Odysseus... the Son of Pain, a name he’ll earn in full.”
“‘Dear woman,’ quick Odysseus answered, ‘twist it however you like, you dream can only mean one thing. Odysseus told you himself—he’ll make it come to pass. Destruction is clear for each and every suitor; not a soul escapes his death and doom.’”
“‘Now I will bring them on as a trial for my suitors. The hand that can string the bow with greatest ease, that shoots an arrow clean through all twelve axes—he’s the man I’ll follow, yes, forsaking this house where I was once a bride, this gracious house so filled with the best that life can offer—I shall remember it, that I know... even in my dreams.’”
“‘Before that crew can handle the polished bow, sting it taut and shoot through all those axes—Odysseus, man of exploits, will be home with you!’”
Dramatic Irony: Irony that occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not by the characters in the play
“So she dissovled in tears, streaming down her lovely cheeks, weeping for him, her husband, sitting there beside her.” (397, book 19, line 240-241)
“But Odysseus, he made clear, was off at Dodona then to hear the will of Zeus that rustles forth from the god’s tall leafy oak: how should he return, after all the years away, to his own beloved Ithaca, openly or in secret?” (400, book 19, lines 340-343)
Does Penelope know that Aethon is Odysseus?
If so, then why does she keep up the pretense?
If not, then why is she so eager to share her story with Aethon, a man she’s just met?
What does Penelope’s dream mean?
Why does the fate of “the geese” become more gruesome as Odysseus comes closer to Ithaca?
Who are the people who begin to recognize Odysseus before he is revealed?
What does this prove about them? About their love for Odysseus?
In lines 458-467, Autolycus, Odysseus’ grandfather, explains the meaning of Odysseus’ name, and why he named him the “Son of Pain”. In what ways does pain encompass Odysseus’ life thus far?
What does the “dreaming” motif mean in book 19?
1. Who aids Telemachus and Odysseus when they hide the weapons? How does he/she help?
2. What fake name does Odysseus assume when he tells his fake story to Penelope?
3. What was the name of the nurse that bathed Odysseus?
4. How did Odysseus receive the scar on his thigh?
5. How does Penelope say she will choose the suitor? What does the beggar promise her?
Simile: A figure of speech which compares two unlike things using "like" or "as".
Example: “Fame like a flawless king’s who dreads the gods...” (394, book 19, line 119)
Alliteration: The occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.
Example: “And anyone who offends our guest beyond endurance—he defeats himself; he’s doomed to failure here, no matter how raucously he raves and blusters on.” (401, book 19, lines 370-372)
Personification: The representation of an abstract quality in human form.
Example: “Joy and torment gripped her heart a once, tears rushed to her eyes—voice choked in her throat...” (405, book 19, lines 532-533)