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Common Roots and Affixes

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by

Matthew Nolan

on 1 March 2015

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Transcript of Common Roots and Affixes

-meaning "water" from Latin
aqua


-similar roots: hydra, hydro, and hydr

-words containing aqua:
aquarium
aquamarine
aquatics
semi-aquatic
aquacultural
aquarelle
aquatic
aquacade
aquanaut
aquaplane
Aqua
Aud
-meaning "hear", or "listen," from Latin
audire

-similar roots include
aus
,
phon
, and
son

-
words including
aud
:
audible
audio
audition
audience
audient
ausculate
audibility
audiogram
audiometer

audit
Geo
-meaning "earth," "soil," or "ground from Greek
geo

-similar roots include
ge
and
terra

words including
geo
geobios
geochronic
geology
geode
geography
geocyclic
geochemistry
geocentric
geochronic
geodynamics
geoid
Cycl
-
meaning "circle" from Greek
cyclos

-similar roots include
cyclo

-words including cycl:
cycle
cyclic
cyclical
cycloid

cyclops
cyclitis
cyclorama
cyclopedia
cyclone
cyclopedist

By: Matthew Nolan
Common Roots and Affixes
photo of the ocean
relates directly to the shape of circles
indirectly relates to circularity,
not literal circles
includes the action of listening
a formal examination of accounts by an accountant (miscellaneous)
in relation to the Earth's
composition and history
Log
-meaning "word" from Greek

-similar roots include
logo


-words including
log
:
logic
logical
logician
logocize
logos
logicity

logomania
logodaedaly
logogriph

logometric
regarding the use of
logic
regarding the use of
words
a branch of military dealing in transport
(miscellaneous)
Arch
-meaning "ruler" from Greek
archos

-words including
arch
:
anarchy
monarch
oligarchy
patriarch
matriarch
panarchy
ecclesiarch
biarchy

architect
in regards to the
ruler of something
the designer
of a building
Bio
-meaning "life" from Greek

-similar roots include
viv
,
vivi
, and
vita
from Latin "alive"

-some words including
bio
:
biogenesis
biogenetic
biography
bios
biostatistics
biology
biognosis
biologist
Graph
-meaning "to write" from Greek
graphein

-similar roots include
scrib
and
script

-words including graph:
graph
graphite
graphomania
calligraphy
geography
orthography
lexicographer

hydrography
geography
photograph

relating to writing of
some form
miscellaneous
Omni
-meaning "all" from Latin
omnis

-similar roots include
moni
and
pan

-some words including
omni:
omniscient
omnipotent
omnipresent
omnifarious
omnify
omnimodous
omnimeter
omnivorous
in regards to all of something
Rupt
-meaning "break" or "burst" from Latin

-similar roots include
fract
and
frag

-words including
rupt
:
rupture
disrupt
bankrupt (because you're "broke")
corrupt
abrupt
erupt
interrupt
irrupt
Mis-
-meaning "bad, wrong," from Old English
mis

-similar prefixes include
anti-
and
de-

-words including
mis-
mistake
misnomer
mislead
miscreant
mischief
misadventure
misbehave
misfire
misfit
Pro-
-meaning "foreward, toward the front," "in place of," or "in support of" from Latin
pro

-similar roots include
pre-


-some words including
pro-
probation
proceed
proclaim
process
professor
profile
profits
program
pro-life
In-
-meaning "not" or "opposite of" from Latin
in

-similar prefixes include
anti-
and
non-

-words including
in-
:
inactive
insensitive
indescribable
indefinite
indefinite
inaccurate
incomplete
indispensible
Ex-
-meaning "out of," "former," or "from" from Latin
ex

-similar roots include
un-
and
de-

-some words with
ex-
:
exact
extract
exalt
exaggerate
examine
excell
except
exception
excess
ex-parrot (for you Monty Python fans)
Pre-
-meaning "before" from Latin prae

-similar prefixes include
pro-

-words including
pre
-:
predict
preempt
precession
prevent
precedent
prepare
prefix
precede
presumed

minus sign (3
from

5 is 2)
-Able/-Ible
-expresses ability from Latin
-ibilis
and
-abilis

-similar suffixes include
-ble

-words including
-able
:
capable
configurable
workable
adaptable

accessible
comprehensible
edible
tangible
visible
-the little engine that "expressed ability" (could)
-less
-meaning "without" from Old English
-leas


-similar affixes include
in-
and
un-

-words including
-less
:
penniless
faithless
childless
hapless
noiseless
countless
pointless
bottomless
-Ness
-denotes quality or state from Middle/Ole English -nes

-similar suffixes include -ful

-words with
-ness
:
adeptness
acuteness
abruptness
advantageousness
cheesiness
crunchiness
decisiveness
gladness
impulsiveness
having the quality of awesomeness
-Er
-forms nouns designating persons from the object of their occupation

-no similar suffixes are available

-words with
-er
include:
washer
dryer
worker
player
helper
drawer
fisher
skater
sniper
one who works (work-
er
)
-Al
-meaning "having the form or character of" or "related to" from Latin

-similar roots include
-ic
from Greek

-some words including
-al
:
mechanical
musical
tonal
accusal
filial
axial
digital
glacial
partial
relates to
life
wrong of
something
in support of
in place of
foreward
"not" (root word)
before
?
"without"
mechanic-
al
Full transcript