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Transcript of The Holocaust
Ukrainians 5.5 - 7 million
Jews (of all countries) 6 million +
Russian POWs 3.3 million +
Russian Civilians 2 million +
Poles 3 million +
Yugoslavians 1.5 million +
Gypsies 200,000 - 500,000
Mentally/Physically Disabled 70,000- 250,000
Homosexuals Tens of thousands
Spanish Republicans Tens of thousands
Jehovah's Witnesses 2,500 - 5,000
3 million non-Jewish Polish civilians executed- at gunpoint or in death camps
Jews and undesirables were rounded up and shot or put in forced labor camps
The “weak” would die from fatigue, disease, or be executed in the camps
Slave labor became an important part of the war machine
Propaganda through toys
Incorrectly referred to as Gypsies
An ethnic group that lives in Central and Eastern Europe, as well as the Balkans
Traces their ancestry back to India
Racial Purity: a Matter of Public Health
Julius Streicher’s Publishing House
Anti-Semitism in German Schools
The Holocaust: Roots of Hate
Churches closed, clergy deported, imprisoned, or killed
Thousands of clergy from over 24 countries killed
Polish clergy were particularly targeted- 18% of the Polish clergy was executed
St. Maximilian Kolbe (right) was canonized and made a “martyr of charity” for hiding 2000+ Jews in his friary
He was arrested by the Gestapo and sent to Auschwitz
At Auschwitz he took the place of a man sentenced to starvation
St. Kolbe was in a starvation cell for two weeks where he celebrated mass each day using unleavened bread that was rationed out
After two weeks of dehydration and starvation, only Kolbe remained alive- the guards injected carbolic acid into his left arm
Unknown Hero of the Holocaust:
The Story of St. Maximilian Kolbe
Towards the end of the war, when the allies pushed towards the camps, the Nazis hurried to exterminate all their prisoners and burn their bodies in crematoriums- why? To hide evidence.
A program of genocide to speed up the removal of Jews and other “undesirables”
Bureaucratically authorized and carried out with ruthless efficiency
The Final Solution
A flood of Jewish emigration following Kristallnacht
This was seeing as a positive by Hitler
“We all want to get rid of our Jews. The difficulty is that no country wishes to receive them.”
Moving Jews to ghettos became a solution for those that would not or could not emigrate
Emigration and Segregation
“The Eternal Jew” Exhibition
Traveling exhibition that “educated” the world of the “dangers of the Jews”
Vehemently anti-Semitic and anti-communist
By 1935 the circulation reached 480,000 copies per week
Stories of Jewish men having sex with German women
Stories of Child Molestation by Jews
Descriptions of how to identify a Jewish neighbor
Between ’41-44 demanded the annihilation and extermination of the Jews
Der Sturmer: A Sign of the Times
The Nordic Race
Tens of thousands executed
Romanticism of the "pure-blooded" Germans: "The Nordic Race"
Nordic Race; Italian Race; Mediterranean Race
A demonstration of Aryan features
"Shameful clothes of the Jews"
Depiction of a synagogue- establishing a connection between freemasonry and Judaism
"The experience/Racial pride fades." Germany, ca. 1933-1939.
Polish babies, chosen for their "Aryan" features, to be adopted and raised as ethnic Germans. Poland, 1941–1943.
Classes in racial theory
Educating the Public
Encouraging Germans to have large families to promote the Nordic race
Nazi policy encouraged racially "acceptable" couples to have as many children as possible. Because of the number of children in this Nazi party official's family, the mother earned the "Mother's Cross."
The caption states, in German: "The Jew is a bastard." The illustration links Jews with others the Nazis deemed inferior—eastern peoples, blacks, Mongols, and east Africans.
Julius Streicher’s Fate
“Night of Broken Glass”
Nazi storm troopers attacked Jewish homes, businesses, and synagogues across Germany
The murder of a German diplomat living in Paris by a Jew was used as a platform for the attacks
The Holocaust: Roots of Hate
“Just as it is often hard to tell a toadstool from an edible mushroom, so too it is often very hard to recognize the Jew as a swindler and criminal...”
How to Tell a Jew: “The Jewish nose is bent. It looks like the number six...”*
How the Jews Came to Us: “Just look at these guys! The louse-infested beards! The filthy, protruding ears...”
What is the Talmud?: “In the Talmud it is written: ‘Only the Jew is human. Gentile peoples are not called humans, but animals.’ Since we Jews see Gentiles as animals, we call them only Goy.”
Why the Jews Let Themselves be Baptised: “Baptism didn’t make a Gentile out of him...”*
How a German Peasant was Driven from House and Farm: “Daddy, someday when I have my own farm, no Jew will enter my house...”*
How Jewish Traders Cheat: “Farming woman, have I got something special for you today. Look at this material! You can make a dress from it that will make you look like a baroness, like a countess, like a queen...”*
The Experience of Hans and Else with a Strange Man: “Here, kids, I have some candy for you. But you both have to come with me...”*
Inge’s Visit to a Jewish Doctor: “Two criminal eyes flashed behind the glasses and the fat lips grinned.”
How the Jew Treats his Domestic Help: “A man was waiting for me at the station. He tipped his hat and was very friendly to me. But I could tell immediately that he was a Jew...”*
How Two Women were Tricked by Jewish Lawyers: “Well, Colleague Morgenthau, we did a good piece of business today.” “Splendid, Colleague Silberstein. We took the lovely money from the two Goy women and can put it in our own pockets.”*
How Jews Torment Animals: “The animal fell once more to the ground. Slowly it died. The Jews stood around and laughed.”*
“When you see a cross, remember the gruesome murder by the Jews at Calvary"
Money Is The God Of The Jews: “The God of the Jews is money. To earn money, he commits the greatest crimes. He will not rest until he can sit on a huge money sack, until he has become the king of money.”*
How Worker Hartmann Became a National-Socialist: The Jew cries: “We don’t care about Germany... The main thing is that things go well for us...”*
Are There Decent Jews?: “People are always saying that we Jews cheat other people, that we lie and deceive. Not a word of it is true. We Jews are the most decent people in the world.”*
Without Solving the Jewish Question No Salvation for Mankind: “He who fights the Jews battles the Devil.” Julius Streicher.*