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Transcript of The Holocaust
Ukrainians 5.5 - 7 million
Jews (of all countries) 6 million +
Russian POWs 3.3 million +
Russian Civilians 2 million +
Poles 3 million +
Yugoslavians 1.5 million +
Gypsies 200,000 - 500,000
Mentally/Physically Disabled 70,000- 250,000
Homosexuals Tens of thousands
Spanish Republicans Tens of thousands
Jehovah's Witnesses 2,500 - 5,000
3 million non-Jewish Polish civilians executed- at gunpoint or in death camps
Jews and undesirables were rounded up and shot or put in forced labor camps
The “weak” would die from fatigue, disease, or be executed in the camps
Slave labor became an important part of the war machine
Incorrectly referred to as Gypsies
An ethnic group that lives in Central and Eastern Europe, as well as the Balkans
Traces their ancestry back to India
1933: The First Concentration Camp
Towards the end of the war, when the allies pushed towards the camps, the Nazis hurried to exterminate all their prisoners and burn their bodies in crematoriums- why? To hide evidence.
A program of genocide to speed up the removal of Jews and other “undesirables”
Bureaucratically authorized and carried out with ruthless efficiency
The Final Solution
A flood of Jewish emigration following Kristallnacht
This was seeing as a positive by Hitler
“We all want to get rid of our Jews. The difficulty is that no country wishes to receive them.”
Moving Jews to ghettos became a solution for those that would not or could not emigrate
Emigration and Segregation
Tens of thousands executed
“Night of Broken Glass”
Nazi storm troopers attacked Jewish homes, businesses, and synagogues across Germany
The murder of a German diplomat living in Paris by a Jew was used as a platform for the attacks
The Holocaust: A History