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IB Psychology

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Stefania Iacchelli

on 3 December 2013

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Transcript of IB Psychology

Psychology
the
scientific
study of mental processes and behaviour, and how these are affected by internal processes and the environment.

hypothetical construct which is carefully defined and can be tested and measured.
Concept
Research question?
Variables are defined
Tools are developed to measure
Observations/Data is collected
Evaluation and Conclusion
Empirical study
Explanation for a psychological phenomenon.
Statement used to summarize, organize and explain observations
Helps make predictions
uncertain!! open to debate
Theoretical explanation

Self-Efficacy=one's own belief in whether one will succeed in something.

Measured using a "self-efficacy" scale (ie. survey)
Concept
Are people who score high on self-efficacy scale more likely to engage in regular exercise to improve health?
Hypothesis= High score->higher engagement
Conduct experiment...how?
Empirical study
One's self efficacy will determine how hard one will try to do a certain thing.
High scores=more effort
Lower scores= less effort
Theory
Study on
Self-Efficacy
Biological level of analysis
Nervous system activity, physiology, genes and evolution determine human behaviour.
(Lashley)
Sociocultural level of analysis
Social and cultural norms determine human behaviour
Cognitive level of analysis
Humans are information processors. Mental processes and representations determine behaviour.
Different
perspectives

Mental processes= perception, thinking, problem solving, memory, language, attention.
Mental representations= images, words, schemas
Cognitive psychology can be defined as the study of people's ability to acquire, organize, remember and use knowledge to guide their behaviour.
Cognitive psychologists develop models or theories about mental processes that mediate behaviour and they test them in controlled situations where people would be expected to behave in one way if the model is correct and in a different way if it is incorrect.
Full transcript