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Growing Up Black and White in the South During the 1930s
Allison Ouelletteon 4 January 2011
Transcript of Growing Up Black and White in the South During the 1930s
Life Many southern schools were shut down to keep entire systems from integrating Many white schools had gyms.
Coloured schools did not. Mississippi schools were legally segregated A Class War The rich were flaunting their
wealth after the depression. Working class blames upper class for their unemployment Scared of a class war
The upper classes were sensitised by the Russian Revolution Racism Segregation Lynch Mobs White schools were better funded Schools for blacks often didn't have
proper school supplies Black children were told stories by their elders of racism The children were very concious of the racism situation Blacks would be painfully killled for crimes that they may have not commited Segregation Blacks and whites eat in different parts of restaurants and cafes Blacks are often supposed to take back
entrances to public places Blacks and whites stay in different parts of hotels Some vending machines were designated 'for white use only' Many blacks worked on plantations They were paid less than white workers From A Child's Eyes The working class was shocked and angered by this ostentatious display of wealth The upper classes caused the depression throughtheir reckless finacial dealings What's a class society? A society in which social classes are the hierarchical arrangements of people as economic or cultural groups. Non-whites had twice the unemployment rate than whites The Great
Depression The definition of racism: the prejudice that members of one race are intrinsically superior to members of other races
discriminatory or abusive behavior towards members of another race Jim Crow Laws No person or corporation shall require any white female nurse to nurse in wards or rooms in hospitals, either public or private, in which negro men are placed. Alabama Any person...who shall be guilty of printing, publishing or circulating printed, typewritten or written matter urging or presenting for public acceptance or general information, arguments or suggestions in favor of social equality or of intermarriage between whites and negroes, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and subject to fine or not exceeding five hundred (500.00) dollars or imprisonment not exceeding six (6) months or both. Mississippi There shall be maintained by the governing authorities of every hospital maintained by the state for treatment of white and colored patients separate entrances for white and colored patients and visitors, and such entrances shall be used by the race only for which they are prepared.
Mississippi Books shall not be interchangeable between the white and colored schools, but shall continue to be used by the race first using them.
North Carolina It shall be unlawful for any amateur white baseball team to play baseball on any vacant lot or baseball diamond within two blocks of a playground devoted to the Negro race, and it shall be unlawful for any amateur colored baseball team to play baseball in any vacant lot or baseball diamond within two blocks of any playground devoted to the white race. Georgia The officer in charge shall not bury, or allow to be buried, any colored persons upon ground set apart or used for the burial of white persons.
It shall be unlawful for a negro and white person to play together or in company with each other at any game of pool or billiards.
Alabama A Child's Day
White and Black Education for black schools was of a lower quality then white schools Black children looked down upon Black :
attended a black school (lower quality of education)
may have to work
attended a black church
grew up with a sense of never being good enough
would have been mistreated by the white community White School Black School Black children had to go through life, being looked down upon by the white community. Black children were forbidden to play with white children. Black children were seen as bad children by white adults. They were blamed for many things they had nothing to do with. White:
attended a white school (better quality of education)
typically didn't have to work
could read and write
went to a white church
grew up with a sense of importance
felt that they were superior to black children Coloured and white people had to use different bathrooms. Coloured people were seen at the same levels as dogs. Lynching is illegaly excecuting someone who has been accused of something. Jim crow laws were a set of anti-black laws. They were used in the south and greatly effected everyone's daily life. The fictional character, Jim Crow Black children had to grow up thinking there was something wrong with them. Often, the only job prospects for blacks
would be maids, dishwashers, etc. White racist advertisements encouraged this.