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China's Open Door Policy (Causes and Results)

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Sydney Dettmar

on 23 February 2011

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Transcript of China's Open Door Policy (Causes and Results)

China's Open Door Policy Before the Open Door Policy, many countries were beginning to try to gain control of the trade in different parts of China. These were called 'Spheres of Influence.' John Hays (US Secretary of State) sent all the Imperial countries a letter called the Open Door note, which urged them to annouce that in their spheres of influence, they would respect Chinese rights and the idea of fair competition.
(AKA- no monopolies on foreign trade with China and no carving the country up to be colonies or anything.) During the period of Imperialism, in the late 1800s to early 1900s, European countries didn't really view China as a real country. It was just a new place they could come in, claim, and profit from, so the major powers started circling it like vultures, trying to begin to stake their claims to certain parts of it. Even though John Hays presented the policy as just the right thing to do and as a way to protect China, the REAL reason was that the Imperial European countries were obviously trying to claim control of trade in their spheres of influence, and the US happened to not have much of a stake in China. If they carved it up how they wanted, the US wouldn't have gotten a piece. The Open Door policy gave everyone an equal chance at trade, which meant that the United States wouldn't be cut out. Why did John Hays push for the Open Door Policy? John Hays The Boxer Rebellion The Boxer Rebellion was the term given to the movement by many Chinese people against the influence of foreign nations. They didnt like that the Imperial nations didn't view them as a Soveign nation in and of themselves. They wanted to take control of their country by pushing out foreign influences.
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