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Reducing Emissions from Marine Shipping - Local and Global

Presentation for the NACAA-EPA 2014 National Air Quality Conference, Durham, North Carolina, February 10-12, 2014
by

SBC APCD

on 28 February 2014

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Transcript of Reducing Emissions from Marine Shipping - Local and Global

Reducing Emissions from Marine Shipping
Outreach to Form Partnerships and Find Common Ground
Vessel Speed
Reduction Strategy
Near-term NOx reductions
Near-term GHG reductions
No capital investment
Need for partnerships

OUTREACH
Formation of the Marine Shipping Solutions Group
Voluntary Speed Reduction Initiative
Mary Byrd ~ Brian Shafritz ~ Lee Kindberg
NACAA-EPA National Air Quality Conference ~ February 2014
SOx fuel sulfur standards
35,000 ppm (Global)
10,000 ppm (ECA—200 na. miles out)
1,000 ppm (California --24 na. miles out)
1,000 ppm starting January 2015 (ECA—200 na. miles out).
 
NOx engine emission standards
Tier 1 for existing engines: 15-20% NOx reduction (Global)
Tier 2 for
new
engines: 20% NOx reduction starting January 2011. (Global)
Tier 3 for
new
engines: 80% NOx reduction starting January 2016 (ECA)

California:
No NOx or GHG Rules for shipping
Regulatory framework
Local and Global Initiatives
Charlotte
Durham
Copenhagen hEADQUARTERS
Join Us!
Brian Shafritz
ByrdM@sbcapcd.org

ShafritzB@sbcapcd.org
Lee.Kindberg@maersk.com
2011 Revenue: $60 B
Shipping, Energy, Banking and Supermarkets
Maersk Line is largest container shipping company in the world
600+ vessels, 25,000 employees globally
Maersk leadership in Sustainability
Key Initiatives
Met 2020
CO goal in 2012 --
8 years early!

2
Our customers are demanding
more sustainable supply chains
The feedback of more than 300 of our customers:
41%: “Yes we consider sustainability in our sourcing decisions”
Best-accepted standard method to report environmental impacts of shipping is BSR’s Clean Cargo Working Group
2014 CCWG study participation is expected to cover >80% of containers shipped globally
Annual Environmental Data Collection
Standardized CO analysis
Example: Central America
to Atlanta, Georgia

Getting back to vessel speed reduction...
Fuel use and
costs increase
exponentially
at higher speeds
The speed/ fuel use curve is exponential
Speeding up will cost more fuel than what we save by slowing down
Lowest
constant
speed is best
Shipping = Large emissions source
Threatens ability to attain ozone standards

The A.P. Møller-Maersk Group

Triple E vessels summer 2013
Steady steaming–slower average speeds; just-in-time practices
Eco-Retrofitting owned & charter vessels
Network planning and execution, fleet additions and cascading

Vessels are increasingly fuel efficient.
Reduces fuel use, CO and other air emissions
Maersk Line reduced air emissions 25% per container from 2007 to 2012.
CO reduction goal was raised to 40% by 2020

Third party verification
This allows shippers to quantify supply chain footprints, and compare carriers.
Publish trade lane averages.
Global, regional, local
@OurAirSBC
www.ourair.org
Mary Byrd
Lee Kindberg
www.Maersk.com
2
2
2
Shipping and Climate Pollutants
NEXT STEPS
Shipping 3.5 % of worldwide greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions
GHG increase expected in shipping sector
California trans-Pacific trade big player
Also source of Black Carbon emissions

New:
Working Group established Jan. 2014 under Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary Advisory Council
Members include representatives from: Air Pollution Control District; U.S. Navy; NOAA Fisheries; shipping industry associations; whale research institutions; Marine Exchange; environmental organizations
Marine spatial planning
VSR trial
Ongoing:
building partnerships, securing funding

Key partners: Environmental Defense Center and NOAA Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary
Incentive based; voluntary
Extension of Ports model
Verification of speed reduction
Verification of GHG reduction
Global pollutant; international mechanisms evolving
Energy Efficiency Operational Indicator (EEOI)
Proposed for CA Cap-and-Trade auction revenues

John Calambokidis, Cascadia Research
Endangered; not recovering as well as some other whale species
Only some strikes are documented in strandings.
Paths intersect with shipping lanes
Difficult for ships to detect; particularly vulnerable at night
Reducing ship speeds to 12 knots reduces likelihood that ship strike will be fatal by 50%

Common Ground
Full transcript