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Reducing Emissions from Marine Shipping - Local and Global

Presentation for the NACAA-EPA 2014 National Air Quality Conference, Durham, North Carolina, February 10-12, 2014


on 28 February 2014

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Transcript of Reducing Emissions from Marine Shipping - Local and Global

Reducing Emissions from Marine Shipping
Outreach to Form Partnerships and Find Common Ground
Vessel Speed
Reduction Strategy
Near-term NOx reductions
Near-term GHG reductions
No capital investment
Need for partnerships

Formation of the Marine Shipping Solutions Group
Voluntary Speed Reduction Initiative
Mary Byrd ~ Brian Shafritz ~ Lee Kindberg
NACAA-EPA National Air Quality Conference ~ February 2014
SOx fuel sulfur standards
35,000 ppm (Global)
10,000 ppm (ECA—200 na. miles out)
1,000 ppm (California --24 na. miles out)
1,000 ppm starting January 2015 (ECA—200 na. miles out).
NOx engine emission standards
Tier 1 for existing engines: 15-20% NOx reduction (Global)
Tier 2 for
engines: 20% NOx reduction starting January 2011. (Global)
Tier 3 for
engines: 80% NOx reduction starting January 2016 (ECA)

No NOx or GHG Rules for shipping
Regulatory framework
Local and Global Initiatives
Join Us!
Brian Shafritz
2011 Revenue: $60 B
Shipping, Energy, Banking and Supermarkets
Maersk Line is largest container shipping company in the world
600+ vessels, 25,000 employees globally
Maersk leadership in Sustainability
Key Initiatives
Met 2020
CO goal in 2012 --
8 years early!

Our customers are demanding
more sustainable supply chains
The feedback of more than 300 of our customers:
41%: “Yes we consider sustainability in our sourcing decisions”
Best-accepted standard method to report environmental impacts of shipping is BSR’s Clean Cargo Working Group
2014 CCWG study participation is expected to cover >80% of containers shipped globally
Annual Environmental Data Collection
Standardized CO analysis
Example: Central America
to Atlanta, Georgia

Getting back to vessel speed reduction...
Fuel use and
costs increase
at higher speeds
The speed/ fuel use curve is exponential
Speeding up will cost more fuel than what we save by slowing down
speed is best
Shipping = Large emissions source
Threatens ability to attain ozone standards

The A.P. Møller-Maersk Group

Triple E vessels summer 2013
Steady steaming–slower average speeds; just-in-time practices
Eco-Retrofitting owned & charter vessels
Network planning and execution, fleet additions and cascading

Vessels are increasingly fuel efficient.
Reduces fuel use, CO and other air emissions
Maersk Line reduced air emissions 25% per container from 2007 to 2012.
CO reduction goal was raised to 40% by 2020

Third party verification
This allows shippers to quantify supply chain footprints, and compare carriers.
Publish trade lane averages.
Global, regional, local
Mary Byrd
Lee Kindberg
Shipping and Climate Pollutants
Shipping 3.5 % of worldwide greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions
GHG increase expected in shipping sector
California trans-Pacific trade big player
Also source of Black Carbon emissions

Working Group established Jan. 2014 under Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary Advisory Council
Members include representatives from: Air Pollution Control District; U.S. Navy; NOAA Fisheries; shipping industry associations; whale research institutions; Marine Exchange; environmental organizations
Marine spatial planning
VSR trial
building partnerships, securing funding

Key partners: Environmental Defense Center and NOAA Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary
Incentive based; voluntary
Extension of Ports model
Verification of speed reduction
Verification of GHG reduction
Global pollutant; international mechanisms evolving
Energy Efficiency Operational Indicator (EEOI)
Proposed for CA Cap-and-Trade auction revenues

John Calambokidis, Cascadia Research
Endangered; not recovering as well as some other whale species
Only some strikes are documented in strandings.
Paths intersect with shipping lanes
Difficult for ships to detect; particularly vulnerable at night
Reducing ship speeds to 12 knots reduces likelihood that ship strike will be fatal by 50%

Common Ground
Full transcript