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Daily Life In Ancient Rome
Transcript of Daily Life In Ancient Rome
1) Rome was the center of the empire; In the center of Rome was the forum, or gathering place for all to use.
2) In time, the Forum became a sprawling complex of government buildings, meeting halls, temples, theaters, and monuments
3) The daily life of the Romans is split into 8 categories:
1) Law and Order 5) Housing
2) Religion 6) Education
3) Family Life 7) Recreation
4) Food and Drink 8) Country Life
Law and Order
Law And Order:
*The Senate continued to meet, but the ultimate source of law was the emperor.
*Senators had bodyguards and wore togas.
*Crime was common in Rome; Police mostly patrolled the richer neighborhoods.
*Roman laws were generally strict; Any Roman could accuse someone else of a crime.
*A jury of citizens decided court cases.
*Adopted gods from other cultures (Greeks).
*Made offerings and promises to the gods to please them.
*Special festivals and holidays were held to honor the gods.
*Each family had an alter in their home dedicated to a god.
*Later, many Romans honored their emperors as gods.
*Family life was ruled by the paterfamilias, or father of the family.
*A Roman father’s word was law.
*Roman men were expected to provide for their families.
*Poor women often worked, while rich women stayed at home to run the household and train the slaves.
Food and Drink
Food And Drink:
*Only the rich had kitchens in their homes.
*Main foods were bread, beans, spices, a few vegetables, cheese, and meat.
*Breakfast: Piece of bread and a bowl of beans or porridge.
*Lunch: Cheese, bread, olives, celery.
*Dinner: Chunks of fish/meat.
*Roman babies were born at home, and were left to die if they were unhealthy.
*Between the ages of 14-18, a Roman boy celebrated becoming a man in a special ceremony.
*Roman girls became adults when they got married (ages 12-18).
*Weddings were held in a temple; The groom did not become a paterfamilias until his father died.
*The rich and the poor had very different houses.
*Rich: Open, airy, built of stone and marble, thick walls, atrium (open foyer), fountains, many rooms, and had slaves.
*Poor: Crowded into tall apartment buildings, no kitchens (used portable grills), cramped, noisy, and dirty.
*Poor: Boys and girls were often sent to work instead of school.
*Rich: Boys and girls were tutored by their fathers and/or slaves until 6-7.
*School for the rich was held in public buildings or private homes; Students used a pointed pen called a stylus to copy down lessons onto small wooden boards; Were dismissed at 2 or 3 in the afternoon.
*Learned Latin, Greek, math, science, literature, and public speaking.
*Girls were trained to become tutors, real estate agents, or midwives.
*Boys were trained to become soldiers, doctors, politicians, or lawyers.
*Students stayed in school until the age of 12 or 13, except for boys from really wealthy families (age 16).
*Rich enjoyed going to plays in public theaters, relaxing in public baths (bathe, swim, and socialize), etc.
*Rich and poor flocked to two spectacles, the gladiator games and chariot races.
*Gladiator games were held at the Colosseum, and the chariot races were held in the Circus Maximus.
*Unlike the Colosseum, at the Circus Maximus men and women could sit together.
*Rich: Owned large country estates called villas where they could relax in the summer’s heat; They took long walks, hunted, and read.
*Poor/Slaves: Worked on the farms that provided much of the food for Rome; Lived in small huts with few amenities.