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Transcript of Ancient Egypt
The Nile river was a important tool to the state expansion in ancient Egypt
The river helped create a surplus of food which in turn led to all of the advancements of Egypt because not everybody had to be a farmer, and producing food was no longer the main concern
The Nile river also protected Egypt from any invasions, along with the red sea, Mediterranean sea, and the Sahara Desert
Another important factor in state expansion was the professional military Egypt formed
The Egyptians believed in an afterlife where a person is judged, and if they are deemed worthy, they take all of their belongings with them.
The Book of the Dead outlined the basic teachings of their religions.
The people spent much of their time preparing for survival in the afterlife.
Built huge pyramids as burial tombs for their kings.
Embalmed their honored dead to preserve the body.
The Egyptians believed that their kings were gods sent to lead them. These kings, called pharaohs, were highly revered, and when they died, were mummified and some of them were buried in grand tombs, such as the pyramids and the Valley of the Kings.
The egyptians writing was called hieroglyphics. They believed the Gods created writing. hieroglyph is greek for scared inscription. this writing system was used to write formal inscription on temple walls and tombs.After the Emperor Theodsius I ordered all pagan temples to be shut down throughout the Roman empire at the end of the 4th century AD, hieroglyphic script knowledge was lost. therefore, the hieroglyphs died out.
Egypt's technological advancement came from new innovations to iron. iron was used to make swords, shields, spears, and other various weapons like the ax. these weapons were not just used for battle but for hunting purposes as well. Also iron was used for armor. this innovation helped them stay protected and when more battles.
The most famous buildings that were built by the Egyptians were the pyramids of Giza, which are tombs of some of their grandest pharaohs. These huge pyramids were built by slaves, and the blocks weighed over two tons each. these had to be pulled by slaves on sleds without wheels up to where they were needed.
Egypt was ruled by pharaohs. The pharaoh was highly respected and was always mummified. Even after their death, the mummified pharaohs' were present and meeting and their tombs were usually great pyramids filled with riches. This shows that the culture relied heavily on the pharaohs and it was an important value or way of life for them
The egyptians were polytheistic and believed that there was a judging in the afterlife, which lead to the great pyramids, one of the most well known aspects of the culture
The social class had the pharaoh at the top, with priests right under him, then were commoners and lastly slaves.
The egyptians had a social structure with a small amount of wealthy people at the top and commoners and slaves at the bottom with little to nothing
Egypt also had military forces and a bureaucracy of administrators and tax collectors.
Egypt was patriarchal but did allow women to get an education and take jobs such as administrators
Also, many advancements in education were made at this time, they formed the solar calendar of 365 days, made discoveries in math and medicine, along with astronomy and made bronze weapons
"The Pyramids of Giza." Famous Wonders of the World Best Places to Visit See Travel Pictures The Pyramids of Giza Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Sept. 2013.
"Nile River." Earth Snapshot. N.p., 1 June 2013. Web. 23 Sept. 2013.
"Ancient Egyptian Religion." N.p., 1999. Web. 23 Sept. 2013.
"Book of the Dead." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 15 Sept. 2013. Web. 23 Sept. 2013.
"Ancient Egyptian Weapons." Ancient Egyptian Weapons. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Sept. 2013.
Ancient Egypt was the center of trade of their time
They bartered there resources such as gold, papyrus, linen, and grain
In return for these goods they often received oils, copper and iron, gold, and a few sources of food
Trade with Egypt went along the Nile riven and also there were trade routs to Mesopotamia, Africa and many other places.