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The Psychoanalytic Theory
Transcript of The Psychoanalytic Theory
-Gain insight into the inner workings of the plot and characters thought analysis of behavior and personality
-Ability to comprehend character's actions and the consequences that follow
-Elicits reader's own unconscious 2 KEY TERMS Unconscious- the part unavailable to a person's consciousness except through behavior Freud's Model of the psyche ID- Ego- Superego- storehouse of our desires, wishes, and fears.
-source of psycho sexual energy processes experiences and operates as a referee b/t the id & superego internal censor to moral judgements Dr. Dre Dr. Dre The Psychoanalytic Theory 1910 Jacques Lacan Weaknesses + How do the operations of repression structure or inform the work?
+ How can characters' behavior, narrative events, and/or images be explained in terms of psychoanalytic concepts of any kind (fear or fascination w/death, sexuality - love and romance, sexual behavior - as a primary indicator of psychological identity or the operations of ego-id-superego)?
+ What does the work suggest about the psychological being of its author?
+ What might book suggest about psychological motives of reader? Hamlet Id Bibliography/ Work cited -invented psychotherapy Freud's Stages of Psycho sexual Development Oral Stage:
Genital Stage: Birth to 1 year 1 to 3 years 3 to 6 years 7 to 11 years Adolescence Adulthood Oedipus Complex- Freud's theory on relationship b/t parent and offspring Ask the Right Questions ???? Psychoanalytic Criticism -helps detect sub-conscious traits reader possesses based on ways of expression -Readers can study literature in a more deep and personal way Background of Id, Ego & Superego irrational & emotional part Id- "want, want, want" too strong bound up in self-gratification and uncaring to others -basic feelings & needs Ego- rational part can't always get what you want -copes w/ conflicting forces too strong extremely rational and efficient, but cold, boring and distant Superego- -compromise b/t id & superego moral part parental & societal values too strong feels guilty all the time, may even have an insufferably saintly personality -enforces rules -searches for approval or knows of what is disapproved Mr. Ross is the bombdiggity - Austrian
- May 6th, 1856 to September 23rd, 1939
- Born in Freiberg, Moravia
- Known for conscious and unconsciousness -Coined the terms: Id, Ego, and Superego
- Came up with many psychological theories: -Oedipus Complex
-Life and Death Instincts
- Psychosexual Development
- Defense Mechanisms -French
- April 13th, 1901 to September 9th, 1981
- Born in Paris, France
- Reinterpreted on to Freud’s psychoanalysis theories
- Mirror Stage - Desire
- Drives -Attended University of Vienna // // -Analyzes author's operations of id-ego-superego 1. Britannica. (n.d.). Britannica. Retrieved February 16, 2013, from www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/425451/Oedipus-complex
2. Category. (n.d.). Oedipal Complex - Psychology - About.com. Psychology - Complete Guide to Psychology for Students, Educators & Enthusiasts. Retrieved February 19, 2013, from http://psychology.about.com/od/oindex/g/def_oedipuscomp.htm
3. Eagleton, T. (1983). Literary theory: an introduction. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
4. Garcia, J. (2011, September 28). Psychoanalytic Criticism - YouTube. YouTube. Retrieved February 15, 2013, from http://Youtube.com
5. Henderson, G. E., & Brown, C. (n.d.). U of T Libraries. University of Toronto Libraries. Retrieved February 19, 2013, from http://www.library.utoronto.ca/utel/glossary/Psychoanalytic_theory.html
6. McLeod, S. A. (2008). Id Ego Superego. Retrieved from http://www.simplypsychology.org/psyche.html
7. Purdue Online Writing Lab. (n.d.). Purdue Owl. Retrieved February 13, 2013, from https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/72
8. SparkNotes: Hamlet: Plot Overview. (n.d.). SparkNotes: Today's Most Popular Study Guides. Retrieved February 15, 2013, from http://www.sparknotes.com/shakespeare/ham
9. Encyclopedia of the Novel. (1998). PSYCHOANALYTIC MODELS OF NARRATIVE AND CRITICISM OF THE NOVEL. ProQuest Learning: Literature. Retrieved February 14, 2013, from http://literature.proquestlearning.com/quick/displayMultiItem.do?Multi=yes&ResultsID=13C55D7C1BC&forAuth -Incompetent self
-Hamlet doing all he could to kill Claudius and killing Polonius without figuring out who it was first -Prince of Denmark
-Attends University of Wittenberg
-Hamlet's uncle Claudius murders Hamlet's father for power and fortune
-Hamlet seeks revenge on Claudius when he finds out how his father died
-Story demonstrates Hamlet on his journey for revenge and the consequences of his actions Importance of -Readers appeal to the id, ego and superego differently
-Makes assumptions that cannot be absolutely verified
-Ignores the aesthetic appeal and disregards suspense that makes a work entertaining
-tend to see sex in everything, exaggerating this aspect in literature
-Some works do not readily lend themselves to this approach Two Components of Id: Eros: sex (life) Thanatos: aggressive (death) instinct -Id demands immediate satisfaction -gives off pleasure except pain when denied The Pleasure Principal- the idea that every wishful impulses should be satisfied immediately-no matter the consequences Ego- "initially part of the id modified by direct influence of the external world" (Freud, 1923). ID BEING THE HORSE, EGO BEING THE RIDER BACKGROUND -1923 Sigmund described the constructs of Id, Ego, Superego CONSTRUCTING THE.... ID
-present from birth
- driven by "pleasure principle," which strives for immediate gratification of wants and needs
- the "unconscious mind" EGO
-dealing with "reality"
- a balance between Id and Superego SUPEREGO
-categorizes rights from wrongs based on ideas we acquire
- the "conscious mind" BACKGROUND INFORMATION CONTINUED... OEDIPUS COMPLEX derived from the 5th-century BC Greek character Oedipus, who killed his father,"Laius" & marries his mother, "Jocasta" STAGES 1 - 1897–1909- After his father's death in 1896, Freud BEGINS using the term "Oedipus". 2 - 1909–1914- Freud proposes that Oedipal desire is the "nuclear complex" of all neuroses;
-first usage of "Oedipus complex" in 1910. 3 - 1914–1918- Considers father & mother incest. 4 - 1919–1926- Complete Oedipus complex;
-identification & bisexuality evident in later works 5 - 1926–1931- Applies the Oedipal theory to religion and custom. 6 - 1931–1938- Investigates the "feminine Oedipus attitude" & "negative Oedipus complex"; later the "Electra complex" A LOOK AT ; A Freudian Theory concentrating on the roles and aspects of Id, Ego, and Superego Analyze authors & characters affected by inner desires or past traumas Reader analyzes the author & character; -Depression
-Writing to work through a difficult emotion or situation RECALL: Oedipus complex: the desire of a boy to love his mother and kill his father for her love. EXAMPLE Brief Summary of Shakespeare's Hamlet; Superego -confronting his mother about it instead of running off to do everything by himself Ego Hamlet- waiting, taking his time, making sure that Claudius was surely the one who murdered his father Oedipus Complex in Hamlet Hamlet's fondness & adoration for his mother in the bed chamber scene -This makes it clear that their relationship goes beyond mother and son. Hamlet hesitated to kill Claudius because he realizes that his uncle has actually carried out his own Oedipal desire to kill his father How to apply this theory?