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MUS189_Multimovement Cycle

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by

Elizabeth Hoover

on 31 October 2018

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Transcript of MUS189_Multimovement Cycle

Movement 1
CHARACTER
TEMPO
FORM
LONG, DRAMATIC
FAST!
SONATA-ALLEGRO
Movement 2
CHARACTER
TEMPO
FORM
SLOW, LYRICAL
SLOW!
Theme & Variations,
Sonata form,
ABA, or rondo
Movement 3
CHARACTER
TEMPO
FORM
DANCE-LIKE
Movement 4
CHARACTER
FORM
TEMPO
FAST/MEDIUM TEMPO
MINUET & TRIO
LIVELY, HAPPY ENDING
SHORTER THEN 1ST MOVEMENT
Sonata-Allegro,
Sonata-Rondo, or
Theme & Variations
FAST!
MULTIMOVEMENT FORM: OVERALL FORM

I.
II.
III.
IV
CLOSE UP OF MOVEMENT 1: SONATA-ALLEGRO FORM
DEVELOPMENT
modulation of key
fragmentation of themes/motives
EXPOSITION
Introduction of Theme 1 & 2
RECAPITULATION
Hello again Theme 1 & 2...but theme 2, why do you sound a bit different?
THEME: melodic idea used as a basic building block in the construction of a composition.
MOTIVE:
Short melodic OR rhythmic idea; the smallest fragment of a theme
MUSICAL EXAMPLE:
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791), Eine Kleine Nacht Musik, movement 1 (1787)
CLASSICAL INSTRUMENTAL GENRES &
MULTIMOVEMENT FORM: late eighteenth century

CLOSE-UP OF MOVEMENT 2: THEME & VARIATIONS FORM
statement of a theme followed by a series of structured variations in which certain features of the original idea are retained while other are altered
HOW ARE THEY ALTERED?
Melody
Harmony/Key
Rhythm/meter
Texture
Dynamics
Timbre (instruments)
Joseph Haydn (1732-1809)
String Quartet, op. 76, no. 3 (Emperor), movement 2 (1797)
THEME: by first violin
VARIATION 1: theme by second violin in duet
VARIATION 2: theme by cello, more polyphonic
VARIATION 3: theme by viola, chromaticism
VARIATION 4: theme returns to first violin
CODA: closes everything with a nice bow
MOVEMENT 3: MINUET & TRIO FORM
SIMPLE ternary form
A: Minuet
B: Trio
A: Minuet
Sonata-Allegro, Sonata-Rondo, or Theme & Variations
MOVEMENT 4: MAY BE A VARIETY OF FORMS....
GENRE?
serenade for strings
SYMPHONY:
large work for orchestra, generally in 4 movements
ORCHESTRA

MULTIMOVEMENT CYCLE:
3 or 4 movement structure used in classical-era instrumental music
Review: Movement
complete, self-contained part within a larger musical work
All movements relate to one another in this cycle (in melody, or rhythm, or harmony)


Enlightenment & Classical Period

Keywords:

reason, rationality, order, balance, knowledge, observation, individuality, natural, freedom

CHARACTERISTICS
Melody: lyrical, easy to sing
Symmetrical 4-bar phrases
Conjunct
Harmony: diatonic- chords built from 7 tones of major or minor scale
Texture: homophonic (melody + accompanying harmony)
Meter: stays primarily the same throughout a piece or movement
Forms: maintain balance and symmetry




Symphony No. 5 (1808)
Ludwig van Beethoven

Beethoven (1770=1827):
Wealthy Viennese noble patrons

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791)
In Vienna: Court patronage, Emperor Joseph II

Joseph Haydn (1732-1809):
In Austria: Court patronage, Esterházy family


Classical Period: “Viennese School”
personae/patronage


Classical Period
Era from about 1730 to 1815

Overlap with period before (Baroque) and period after (Romanticism)

Music as a “natural” universal language to appeal to all tastes

International style: assimilation of multiple national styles

Social and intellectual background of the classical period: ENLIGHTENMENT (Age of Reason, Time of Illumination)



I. Allegro molto; sonata-allegro form, G minor

II. Andante; sonata-allegro form, E-Flat major

III. Allegro moderato; minuet and trio form, G minor

IV. Allegro assai; sonata-allegro form, G minor

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,
Symphony No. 40 in G Minor, K. 550 (1788)
Multimovement Form
Listen to Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Symphony No. 40 in G Minor, K. 550 (1788), MOVEMENT 1 and complete the table in your IC.
Orchestration: Flute, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets,
2 bassoons, 2 horns, and strings
Tempo: Allegro molto (“Very fast”)
Key: G minor (Bb Major)
Using incomplete phrases or complete sentences describe the sounds that you hear. Focus your analysis on two or three musical parameters (i.e., melody, harmony, texture, instrumentation, rhythm) while listening. Describe how these parameters change as the piece progresses.

Does this piece of music seem cohesive or disconnected? How is it organized (that is, describe its form)?
Full transcript