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Copy of The Tragedy of Macbeth
Transcript of Copy of The Tragedy of Macbeth
Written during the reign of James I. Shakespeare's interest in issues of power may have been sparked by the conflicts between the king and parliament.
Intro to Macbeth
The Tragedy of Macbeth
Journal Activity - In your folder
Also, your graded tests are in your folders. Please read the attached note and come to me with any questions. If I see you working on it during class your original grade will stand.
Light and often humorous in tone, usually end happily with a peaceful resolution of the main conflict
Concerned with real events, uses chronological order
Clever wordplay, memorable characters, complex plots
Acts -> Scenes
Dialogue spoken and labeled
Stage directions in italics and parentheses
Other terms to know:
Dramatic work that presents the downfall of a dignified character who is involved in historically, morally, or socially significant events. The main character [tragic hero] has a quality that leads to his/her destruction [tragic flaw].
The events in a tragic plot are set in motion by a decision that is often an error in judgment caused by the tragic flaw. Succeeding events lead inevitably to a disastrous conclusion, usually death.
Characteristics : Page 343
Famous examples: Hamlet, Othello, King Lear, Macbeth
Consider these while reading the play:
What is Macbeth's tragic flaw?
With whom is Macbeth mainly in conflict? Why?
When does the catastrophe of Macbeth happen?
What are some themes of Macbeth?
Identify the character who spoke each line.
1."Fair is foul, and foul is fair"
2. "But screw your courage to the sticking place,/ And we'll not fail"
3. "Look like the innocent flower, but be the serpent under it"
4. "Stars, hide your fires;/ Let not light see my deep and dark desires"
5. "Yet do I fear the nature;/ it is too full o' the milk of human kindness"
6. "There's no art/ to find the mind's
construction in the face."
7. "And oftentimes, to win us to our harm,
the instruments of darkness tell us truths."
Answer the following questions:
8. At the beginning of the play, Scotland is at war with which country and what title does Macbeth hold?
9. Which character was executed for treason?
10. Which character is told his sons will someday be king?
11. Which character is the chief planner of the king's murder?
12. What is the name of Duncan's oldest son who is named Prince of Cumberland?
1. The Witches 1-10
2. Lady Macbeth 7-60
3. Lady Macbeth 5-62
4. Macbeth 4-50
5. Lady Macbeth 5-13
6. Norway; Thane of Glamis
7. Thane of Cawdor
9. Lady Macbeth
Imagine that you’ve just done THE WORST thing you could ever imagine YOURSELF doing.
For your journal activity, explain this act and describe to what lengths you would go to cover up this horrible act.
Would you confess immediately? Explain.
Would the weight of the secret change your personality?
What role does fear play in your decision making?
You have ten minutes to write. The length and quality of your journal activity should reflect the time limit.
Act 3 Scene 2
At this time in the play, Lady Macbeth & Macbeth keep secrets from each other.
* "After life's fitful fever he sleeps well." Who is being described here?
* ". . .sleep in the affliction of these terrible dreams that shake us nightly." How are the Macbeths reacting to their terrible deed?
* How does the idea of sleep link to the scene which took place after Macbeth killed Duncan? (Act 2 Scene 2)
Find a quotation that shows the link.
* Macbeth's mind is "full of scorpions." What does this mean?
Motif: A recurring element (word object, person, idea) that indicates theme
March 7, 2013
1. Why does Macbeth want Banquo & Fleance dead?
2. What is Macbeth's plan for killing Banquo & Fleance? Does it work?
3. What does Macbeth see at the banquet table?
4. How does Lady Macbeth excuse her husband's actions at the banquet?
5. Who else is missing from the banquet table?
6. Macbeth says, "I am in blood /Stepped in so far that should I wade no more,/Returning were as tedious as go o'er." What does he mean?
7. What does Hecate want the witches to do?
Act 3 Quick Check
Act 3 Scene 4 (the banquet scene)
For each of the four motifs listed below, find one quote that illustrates the motif, say what the quote means, who says it, and how it links to something earlier in the play.
After class today, you should have 8 journal entries for a total of 48 points. Many of you are not keeping up with your journals and have a failing grade.
If you're interested in doing something to bring up your journal grade, come see me after class or during third block.
You have five minutes to review and revise your notes. You will be allowed to use them on the quiz.
1. Witch 2 says, "By the pricking of my thumb,/Something wicked this way comes." Who comes?
2. What is Macbeth's attitude toward the witches this time?
3.What four things did the witches show Macbeth & what did each say/show? Macbeth's reaction?
4. Where is Macduff?
5. Macduff says, "Oh, Scotland, Scotland!" Why?
6. What news does Ross bring to Macduff?
Act 4 Quick Check
Hecate & Lennox
Three Apparitions & Doctor
Messenger & Murderer
Answer the question to the best of your ability. I will give you fifteen minutes to complete this part of the assignment.
Behind the Curtain
Why does Lady Macduff tell her son that his father is dead, though the boy heard her discussion with Ross?
You have five minutes for this part.
Define the following words within the context of the play:
Yes, this is the last one.
1. Summaries are due Thursday. They must be written in your own words. I will check for plagiarism.
2. Some of you have stickers in your folders for different things. Don't forget to use them on the test Thursday.
3. You will have time to work on your projects tomorrow. Bring any materials you will need. You may not leave the room.
How many words can you make out of the word "Shakespeare"?
Servant and Seyton
Malcolm and Messenger
Siward and Soldiers
Young Siward and Ross
1. What action does Lady Macbeth do while "sleepwalking"?
2. What trick does Malcolm use to hide the number of his troops?
3. What is Macbeth's reaction to his wife's death?
4. Who first fights Macbeth? What happens?
5. When does Macbeth know he is in trouble?
6. How does Macbeth die?
7. Who is King of Scotland at the end?
Act 5 Quick Check
Worksheet on Lady Macbeth. Due at 8:53 tomorrow morning.
Act II Quotes:
1. "Is this a dagger which I see before me,/ the handle toward my hand?"
2. "Methought I heard a voice cry 'Sleep no more!/ Macbeth does murder sleep. . .' "
3. "A little water clears us of this deed."
4. "Where we are,/ There's daggers in men's smiles. The near in blood,/ Ther nearer bloody."
Act II Questions:
1. Why can't Banquo sleep as noted in Act II, scene 1?
2. Macbeth hallucinates and is led to his "bloody business" by what?
3. Why can't Macbeth say "God bless" after he has killed Duncan?
4. Who comes to Inverness to awaken Duncan?
5. What are two things that Macbeth does that were not in the original plan?
6. Why do Malcolm and Donalbain leave quickly after their father is killed? Where do each go?
Motifs: blood, sleep, manliness, unnaturalness
Macbeth & Shakespeare's Theater
Skim pages 340-341. Answer the following:
1. Describe the Globe.
2. Describe the location of the players in regard to the audience. Which part of the theater was the best area for watching a play?
3. Summarize the fate of the Globe.
1. In Scene 1, what does Banquo say that means he is suspicious of Macbeth?
2. How do we know that Macbeth fears Banquo?
3. How does Macbeth convince the murderers to kill Banquo?
1. Why is Macbeth feeling "unsettled" in his role as king?
2. Why does Macbeth envy Duncan?
3. How does Macbeth describe his mental state?
Why is the quote noted above important?
Reading Questions: Use text to justify your answers.
1. How does Macbeth react when he learns that Fleance has escaped?
2. What metaphor does he use to refer to Banquo & Fleance?
3. How does Macbeth respond to his uninvited dinner guest?
4. What does Macbeth fear will now happen because he has had Banquo killed?
5. Who is Macbeth now chiefly concerned with? Why?
Act I Journal Quotes Continued...
1. " If you can look into the seeds of time/
And say which ones will grow and which will not,/ Speak then to me. . ."
2. "Come, you spirits / That tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here. . ."
3. "False face must hide what the false heart doth know."
Who said it?
Act I Comprehension
1. Recall - What predictions do the witches make about Macbeth and Banquo?
2. Clarify - How does Macbeth react when Duncan declares his son Malcolm heir to the Scottish throne?
3. Summarize - What do Macbeth and his wife plan to do to make the witches' predictions come true?
Answer the questions and provide the line numbers where the answer appears in the text.
Acts I Review
1. What is the point of Act I, scene i literally and in reference to the whole play?
2. What does Duncan call Macbeth when he hears Macbeth has defeated Macdonwald?
3. Who is sentenced to death?
4. What does the witches predict for Macbeth? For Banquo?
5. What news does Ross bring Macbeth?
6. At this point, Macbeth asks that his "black and deep desires" be hidden. What are those desires?
7. What is Lady Macbeth's opinion of Macbeth in Act I?
8. What is L. Macbeth's prayer to the spirits after she hears Duncan is coming?
9. What advice does L. Macbeth give her husband when he arrives home?
10. What are Macbeth's reasons he believes that he should not kill Duncan?
11. What arguments does L. Macbeth use to convince her husband to commit murder?
12. What is L. Macbeth's plan?
Act II Review
1. What is Macbeth's lie to Banquo about the witches' predictions?
2. What excuse does L. Macbeth give for not killing Duncan herself?
3. After killing Duncan, Macbeth says he cannot say "Amen." What is his wife's advice?
4. Why won't Macbeth take the daggers back to the scene of the crime?
5. Who was knocking?
6. How does Lennox describe the night?
7. What did Macduff discover?
8. What is ironic about Macduff saying that the news of the murder was too frightening for a lady's ear?
9. What excuse does Macbeth give for killing the guards?
10. Why do Malcolm and Donalbain leave?
1. blank verse - unrhymed iambic pentameter
2. aside - when a character speaks to another character so that others can't hear the conversation
3. soliloquy - long speech given by a character who speaks aloud to himself
4. couplet - two consequtive lines of rhyming poetry
5. dramatic irony - when the audience knows something that the character doesn't
6. foreshadowing - textual hints or clues of what is likely to happen
1. tragic flaw - an error in judgement or a weakness in character
2. protagonist - the main character
3. antagonist - one oppossed to in character
Shakespearean vocabulary included many words no longer in use:
"seeling" - meant blinding
"choppy" - meant chapped