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Role of Women in Canada during WW2
Transcript of Role of Women in Canada during WW2
The Women's Royal Canadian Naval Service
The Canadian Royal Navy created the Women's Royal Canadian Naval Services, or the WRENS. The WRENS were the only corps that were officially a part of their sanctioning body as a women's division.
Joan Barbara Fensham was born in Middlesex, England in 1908, her father was an immigrant banker who became an Alberta farmer when they moved to Canada. After WW1 ended Joan and her family resettled in Victoria, British Columbia. After finishing high school, Joan worked as a telephone switchboard operator, then became an accountant at the B.C Bond corporation.
Joan married Norman R. Kennedy, a B.C government engineer in 1929. The bride quit her employment to become a housewife. She started to occupy her time with vigorous fund-raising for Tiny Tim's Cots in Victoria hospitals.
Joan was very interested in world affairs and the growing threat of war with Nazi Germany in early 1939.
Joan joined with other women to form the British Columbia Women's Service corps, and became its leader.
Without any government support the women made their own blue military-style uniforms and trained themselves in skills likely to be needed in war.
Similar groups formed across Canada. Few woman in Canada expressed the desire to go into front-line combat. Nevertheless they held strong patriotic feelings.
Almost single handedly, Joan began a campaign to persuade the dominion government to co-ordinate various women's voluntary organizations into a national army unit. For more than two years Joan faced total indifference from politicians and hostility from military headquarters. After being turned down for more than two years, Joan's persistance finally paid off. On August 13th 1941, John Ralston signed an order- in- council to authorize formation of Canadian Women's Army Corp.
The Unit gained priority and Elizabeth Smeillie, matron in-chief of Canadian army nursing service was seconded to organize the CWAC's administration.
Meantime Joan was admitted into the Army corp with the rank of Major. She was the first Canadian woman to recieve an Army commission.
Canadian Women's Army Corps Commercials
The women who joined the CWAC took over jobs that included:
Driving light mechanical transport vehicles.
becoming cooks in hospitals and messes.
becoming clerks, typists, and stenographers at camps and training centers.
becoming telephone operators and messengers.
becoming canteen helpers.
Canadian Women Auxiliary Air Force
On July 2nd, 1942 women were given the permission to enlist in the Canadian Women Auxiliary Air Force. Among the many jobs carried out by WD personnel, they became clerks, drivers, fabric workers, hairdressers, hospital assistants, instrument mechanics, parachute riggers, photographers, air photo interpreters, intelligence officers, instructors, weather observers, pharmacists, wireless operators, and Service Police
The following are requirements of an enlisted woman:
Must be at least 18 years of age and younger than 41
Must be of medical category AB
Must be equal to or over 5 feet and fall within the appropriate weight for her height
Must have a minimum education of entrance into high school.
Must pass the appropriate trades tests.
Be of good character with no record of conviction for an indictable offense.
In 1934, she started work at Fairchild Aircraft's operations in Montreal as an Assistant Engineer. In 1938, she was the first woman elected to corporate membership in the Engineering Institute of Canada. Later that year she was hired as Chief Aeronautical Engineer at Canadian Car and Foundry (CC&F), becoming the first woman in the world to hold such a position. At CC&F she designed and tested a new training aircraft, the Maple Leaf Trainer II
Elsie was born in Vancouver on march 27th, 1905. Her father was a lawyer and her mother was a judge. Her mother influenced her to study Engineering. Elsie graduated from the University of Toronto in 1927, and was the first Canadian woman to earn a degree in aeronautical engineering. Elsie took a job with a firm in Pontiac, Michigan where she began part-time graduate studies in aeronautical engineering at the University of Michigan, enrolling in the fall of 1927 in the full-time Master of Science in Engineering program to begin aircraft design work and conduct research and development in the University's new aeronautics facilities
Elsie's position in the company soon changed when the factory was chosen to build the Hawker Hurricane fighter aircraft. The factory quickly expanded and had 4,500 workers by war's end, half of them were women. For much of the war Elsie's primary task was to streamline operations in the production line as the factories rapidly grew. Elsie was also responsible for designing solutions to allow the aircraft to be able to operate during the winter, introducing de-icing controls and a system for fitting skis for landing on snow. Elsie became famous for her work and soon got the nickname "Queen of the Hurricanes"
Elsie went on to publish a biography of her mother in 1955 entitled "My Mother, the Judge: A Biography of Judge Helen Gregory MacGill" Her mother and grandmother's work in the suffrage movement inspired her to spend a large amount of time dealing with women's rights during the 1960s. She served as the president of the Canadian Federation of Business and Professional Women's Clubs from 1962 to 1964. In 1967 she was named to the Royal Commission on the Status of Women in Canada and co-wrote the report published in 1970.
I think that the role of women in world war 2 really made a difference in how men treated women in general. Women really started to take a stand and show they could do anything a man could. They took over mens jobs and really stepped up to the plate when their country needed them.
Role Of Women in WWII
My presentation is about the role of Women in World War 2. Women had a direct relation to the Army, Navy and Military services.
Women in Canada were involved in WW2, mainly in
Military, Army and Navy Services.