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Black Civil Rights in America

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Samantha J

on 23 November 2015

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Transcript of Black Civil Rights in America

Civil Rights in America
Why Were They Denied Their Human Rights?
Bibliography
Books:
-Discovering Black America from the age of exploration to the Twenty-First century by Linda Tarrant-Reid.
Websites:
-http://www.brown.edu/Departments/Environmental_Studies/QuigleyPowerPoint/AfricanAmer.CivilRightsHistory.pdf
-http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/civil-war-overview/overview.html
-http://www.rosapark.com/rosaparks.htm
-http://www.factmonster.com/ipka/A0194016.html
-http://www.studymode.com/essays/African-American-Segregation-And-Civil-Rights-1010494.html
-http://www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/
-http://people.sju.edu/~brokes/jimcrow.htm
-http://www.nps.gov/malu/forteachers/jim_crow_laws.htm
-http://www.ferris.edu/jimcrow/what.htm
-http://americanhistory.si.edu/brown/history/1-segregated/jim-crow.html
-https://www.google.co.nz/maps/dir/Auckland+Airport,+Ray+Emery+Dr,+Auckland+2022/Washington,+DC,+USA/@0.8274129,-170.2002472,3z/data=!3m1!4b1!4m13!4m12!1m5!1m1!1s0x6d0d4fe87ef3d5bb:0xf00ef62249b7130!2m2!1d174.785036!2d-37.008248!1m5!1m1!1s0x89b7c6de5af6e45b:0xc2524522d4885d2a!2m2!1d-77.0368707!2d38.9071923
Where and When Did This Happen?
This violation of Human Rights happened in the USA from 1945 to 1968. It happened primarily in the southern and border states of America.
Specific Human Rights Denied
Here is a list of specific human rights that black people were denied and why they were:

HR 1- The right to be born free and equal- Black people were denied this right because when they were born, they were not born equal as some E.A (European-American)would make cruel jokes and adverts like the one below saying that black or coloured people were dumb.


How People Were Working to Seek Their Human Rights.
Many people tried to help seek these peoples rights however, they themselves tried too. There was a group called the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People) which was made up of a mix of coloured and white people. For example, Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King (Martin Luther King made a very famous speech called I Have A Dream whilst in the Washington Protest. He was apart of many protests and is very famous. He also helped formed the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)) were both apart of this organisation. Some of the people who began it were called Mary White Ovington and Oswald Garrison Villard.

How Were People Denied Their Human Rights?
Many people were denied their Human Rights during this period, however, mostly African Americans (Black people). They were mainly denied rights because of the Jim Crow Laws which included laws that made black people (or coloured), second class citizens and included a lot of segregation for white and coloured peoiple. For example, in Florida, there was a law for separate education/schools for whites and coloured.
By Samantha
Where is America in Comparison to NZ?
Continued Why Were They Denied Their Rights
Why Was it In The South And Border States of America?
As shown above, America is quite a wee way away from us as it takes 12 hours to fly from Auckland to Los Angeles and 19 hours from Auckland to Washington DC (the capital). These times are when you fly across the Pacific Ocean.
The south and border states of America were once called The Confederate State of America and they did this mostly because they lost the Civil war (Where America fought over being a slave-free country. This war went through 1861- 1865 and killed 623,000 people. It was basically the North region against CSOA(Confederate States of America). Once the states surrendered, they were rejoined to America as they made themselves their own independent state.) So they put in the Jim Crow laws which gave white people more importance over African- Americans e.g the story of Rosa Parks (where she refused to give her seat on the bus to a white person and got arrested for it) happened in Alabama, one state in the CSOA.
The Confederate States Of America
Above is a map of what once was the C.S.O.A
Here are some Images to do with Black Civil Rights in America.
Some Examples of Jim Crow Laws
As mentioned in a previous slide, African American were mostly denied their rights because white people in these states of America still believed that even though black people weren't slaves anymore, they were still a lower class than them and should be treated so. Therefore, the Jim Crow laws were established, in each state the laws slightly different than the other e.g many states ( Missouri, Maryland, Georgia, Florida and Arizona etc.) had the law of no intermarriage (a white and a black person marrying) whilst Alabama had a law that no white female nurses could work in a hospital/ ward room etc. of a male person of colour.
Here, a black man is being picked on by police physically by having dogs rip his leg pants for no apparent reason other than that he is has brown skin or that he is walking along the street.
Here, a kid is being yelled at and picked on, presumably at school for being coloured by a white kid which shows that some white children were brought up believing they were better than black people.
Here, black people are protesting against being treated poorly. Some things they are protesting for are decent housing, salary and jobs and overall equal rights.
Here is a sign saying that they will only serve white people, no coloured or black which shows that blacks were not treated equally as they were not given the same services - like laundry - as whites.
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Where is America In The World
Here is a map of the United States of America including the states.
Here is America in comparison to the world.
You can zoom in on these images to get a better picture.
Another reason is that many European-American people felt that after slavery was abolished, if African-American people were equal to them, they would demand equal salaries, working and living conditions and E.A people didn't want to pay them extra money or even treat them as human beings. For example, "Job prospects for African Americans were poor and many could only look forward to the lowest paid jobs – and be thankful that they had a job." A quote from from this site: http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/rosa_parks.htm
Also in 1950 a black person's income was around $3,828 but a white
person's income was $7,057 on average- that's $3,229 difference.

What Happened?
Basically, this abuse of Human Rights happened in some ways, quite a long time ago as it was finished in 1968 which is 46 years ago. In some ways however, it is not as in the scale of human history, it isn't very long for it is only less than three generations ago. What happened is that throughout 23 years, coloured people in America were denied many of their human rights. Further throughout this presentation there will be more detailed information about why they were denied their rights, specific rights denied, when and where it happened, and who tried to help them.
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Image Adress:
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Image address:
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Link Adress^
https://www.google.co.nz/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&docid=7BNObZi80u7pLM&tbnid=6hxgigs-0yNTiM:&ved=0CAUQjRw&url=http%3A%2F%2Fusslave.blogspot.com%2F2013%2F06%2Fgary-may-on-ending-of-southern.html&ei=6oW0U4-XK8epkAWuwIEI&bvm=bv.70138588,d.dGI&psig=AFQjCNFpRcAMecPx41Ja4N94eUx3V9Cvow&ust=1404425999255880
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HR 2- Everyone is entitled to these rights despite race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.- Coloured people were obviously denied this right because they had lost many rights because they were a different colour to EA. For example, they lost the right to article 21 (the right to be apart of the government including voting) because they were brown skinned.
HR 5/10/11- The right to no torture(5). The right to a fair and public trial (10). The right to be innocent until proven guilty (11) - These were denied because many coloured people were lynched (a form of torture where they were put to death by hanging or beaten against a tree.) Also, these were known to not be put through a legal trial. In Florida, Tennessee, Arkansas, Kentucky, North Carolina, Mississippi, Georgia, Louisiana, Alabama, and South Carolina, 2,500 black people were lynched.
Continued Specific Human Rights Denied
HR 16- The right to marry anyone despite differences in colour and race and to have a family.- This was denied because in many states such as Missouri, Maryland, Georgia, Florida and Arizona, Virginia etc. had the law of no intermarriage (a EA and a coloured marrying). For example, in 1958 Virginia, Richard and Mildred Loving were arrested because they were married. Richard was white and Mildred was coloured.
HR 21- The right to participate in the government of your country.- Coloured people were denied this right because they were not really allowed to vote or be apart of the government itself as there were many difficult tests specifically for blacks to pass before they could get a registration to vote. Also there were expensive poll taxes. For example, Rosa Parks attempted gain a voting registration three times and all of them failed.
Other Specific Rights Denied
-23
-25
-28

-29
-30
Here is a list of some Jim Crow Laws established:
- Coloured were not allowed to show any public affection toward another because it offended whites.
- A white motorist had the right of way at any intersection.
- There were separate waiting rooms or space and separate ticket windows for the white and colored races on buses.
- A colored barber could not serve as a barber to white females.
- Schools for white and coloured students were separated.
- White and coloured people had separate telephone booths.

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Image Address
America
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America
NZ
The Pacific Ocean
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What Did They Plan To Accomplish?
Here is what they state to be their mission:
"The NAACP insures the political, educational, social and economic equality of minority groups and citizens; achieves equality of rights and eliminates race prejudice among the citizens of the United States; removes all barriers of racial discrimination through the democratic processes; seeks to enact and enforce federal, state, and local laws securing civil rights; informs the public of the adverse effects of racial discrimination and seeks its elimination; educates persons as to their constitutional rights and to take all lawful action in furtherance of these principles. (National Associate for the Advancement of Colored People)"
This is basically sums up what they planned to do in their own words.
What Did They Do/ Achieve?
Throughout this denial of human rights, they did achieve quite a lot. Here is a list of some of their achievements:
-In 1917 they organised a large civil rights protest, one of the largest in America's history. They walked up the streets of New York carrying signs. There were 800 children leading 10,000 people.
- They won the Morgan vs. Virginia case in 1946 in which segregation on buses and trains etc. were banned.
-In 1950 they won a court case giving equal facilities to African Americans.
-In 1954 they won the court case Brown vs. Board of Education making the rule for separate education banned.
-In 1955 some members of the NAACP started the Montgomery Bus Boycott after Rosa Parks was arrested for not giving up her seat. Eventually after 17,000 African Americans were refusing to take buses in Montgomery, they got rid of the segregation rules.
- In 1960, the youth council started doing sit-ins where they sat peacefully at segregated lunch tables. More of this protesting happened so that 26 cities desegregated their lunch tables.

Where They Effective?
Overall, they were quite effective as they completed and achieved many of the things they aimed to do like disegregate buses, lunch rooms etc. Also, quite a lot of people were/are aware of them which makes them effective too. This is because if people know/knew about them, they could raise awareness and also could ask them for help themselves. This organisation is still around today and has been since 1968 when this denial of human rights was finished. For example, they have protested against the Scott Sisters and John McNeill's imprisonment and have gotten both of these cases released. Here is the link for their website: http://www.naacp.org/ .
-http://www.naacp.org/pages/naacp-history
-http://www.historybits.com/civilrights.htm
-http://atlantablackstar.com/2014/02/14/10-outrageous-reasons-black-people-were-lynched-in-america/
-http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/cifamerica/2012/feb/24/marriage-equality-civil-rights-inheritance
-http://agnt.org/snv/resources/parksstory.pdf
-http://learn.burnside.school.nz/course/view.php?id=92
-http://civilrights.findlaw.com/civil-rights-overview/civil-rights-law-and-history.html
-http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/rosa_parks.htm
-http://usa.usembassy.de/etexts/oecon/chap9.htm
-http://www.gwu.edu/~erpapers/teachinger/glossary/naacp.cfm
-http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/NAACP.htm
-http://www.naacp.org/pages/naacp-recent-victories
-http://afroamhistory.about.com/od/timelines/a/Timeline-Of-The-Naacp-1909-To-1965.htm
-http://tascrab.weebly.com/what-has-the-naacp-helped-accomplish-in-the-past.html
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Full transcript