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Edward's Syndrome

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by

Monica Yokogawa

on 21 January 2014

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Transcript of Edward's Syndrome

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CHARACTERISTICS:

-Slow growth before birth
-Low birth weight
-Heart defects
-Physical abnormalities
-Organs abnormality
-Breathing problems
-Rarely inherited
-Usually happens during formation of eggs and sperm.
-An error occurs in the division, and the extra chromosome is either found in the egg or sperm.
-Rare to have more than one pregnancy affected by trisomy 18.
-Meiotic syndrome
Basics:
Edward's Syndrome or Trisomy 18 is a chromosomal disorder which causes a person to have 3 copies of chromosome 18 in each cell.
There is 3 types of Trisomy:
-FULL TRISOMY 18:
*most common type
*all cells contain an extra chromosome 18
*94% of babies have full form.
Physical Features of a Baby:
*Small, differently shaped head
*Small jaw and mouth
*Clenched fists with overlapping fingers.
STATISTICS:
-1 in 5,000 babies born have it.
-Most die before birth or within their first month.
-5-10% live after their 1st year, having severe intellectual ability.
-Affects females 3 times more than males.
Mosaic Trisomy 18
*About 5% of babies will have it
*Only affects some of the body cells
*less severe
Partial Trisomy:
*only few cells are affected
*some babies are only mildly affected
*some are severe disabled
*rare
INHERITANCE:

Treatment:
-No cure
-Symptoms are hard to manage
-Help is needed from a wide range of different health professionals.
-most likely needs to be fed by feeding tube.
Isebella (Bella) Santorum
Bella, age 6, has Trisomy 18, she is one of the few who have survived to live past their first birthday. She was born on May 13th 2008, and her 7th birthday is coming up soon, she has inspired many parents who have child with Trisomy 18, giving them hope that their kids may survive. She is the youngest of 8 children, and the only one who was born with this gene.
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