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OISE April 5, 2013

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Rachel Cooke

on 20 October 2013

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Transcript of OISE April 5, 2013

"Many educators see students' low level of engagement as a fundamental challenge or obstacle to better teaching. But even though students do not necessarily show a high level of motivation in schools, virtually all students are highly motivated when engaged in something that they care about."
The Differentiated Book Club
Book Clubs Combine
Reader Response Theory
How do students choose what they want to read?
What are book clubs?
"For most students, the pace of work is like a thick sludge, moving in no particular direction towards a destination defined by escape."
"School should be trying to develop instruction composed of three main elements: the right level of intellectual challenge, a coherent experience within and across courses, and a high level of interest or relevance."
More High School Graduates: How Schools can Save Students from Dropping Out by Ben Levin 2012
Expressing and exploring each reader's experience of the text
dialogue with the text
dialogue with another reader
dialogue with a community of readers
Literature of Exploration - Louise Rosenblatt
Cooperative Learning
Working together to construct knowledge
positive interdependence
individual accountability
face-to-face interaction
social skills
processing
Authentic Assessment
Assessment that is derived from the kinds of experiences that exist in "real life"
a reflection on the individual and communal experience of the text
Differentiated Instruction
According to student:
interest
readiness
learning profile
Teachers differentiate through:
content
product
process
learning environment
Young adolescents learn best when they work with their peers in cooperative setttings where they interact actively with the materials and with each other. Literature circles, paired readings, dialogue journals, creative dramatics, reader's theatre, and other strategies that bring students into situations where they learn not only from the teacher but also from each other are the most effective structures..."
Understanding Middle School Students
Linda Robinson
These practices, which are often a part of response-centered classrooms, facilitate the students' move from their own limited view of the world to a broader view, encourage a sociocentric perspective, allow them to practice new reasoning skills, and give them the opportunity to hear one another's thoughts.
Understanding Middle School Students
Linda Robinson
What do students do during book clubs?
book pass
reading cards
evidence-based paragraphs
annotate text
More High School Graduates:
How Schools can Save Students from
Dropping Out by Ben Levin 2012
More High School Graduates: How Schools can Save Students from Dropping Out by Ben Levin 2012
Book Clubs
combine
the best of...

Annotations
Assessment OF Learning
5 strategies directed by the teacher
- reading strategies on demand
5 strategies that are the students' choice
- authentic application of reading strategies
1 mark for correct identification of the strategy
2 marks for the quality of the strategy
Assessment AS learning
students comment on the strategies they find most helpful to make meaning of
text & how they used the strategies to fix-
up meaning
Assessment FOR Learning
what strategies do students use most
often
what strategies do they shy away from
reading strategies on demand
authentic application of reading strategies
Rachel Cooke
Instructional Leader: English/Literacy TDSB
Instructor Senior English A.Q./Honour Specialist English A.Q. OISE/UT
Educational Advisor & Author for iLit: Remix
Author of Teacher Guide Material
Senior Author for iSkills: Constructing Meaning
What are annotations?
Reading Strategies
predicting
activating background knowledge
summarizing
inferring
visualizing
connecting
asking questions
synthesizing
metacognition
the thinking readers do as they read
how readers negotiate text
makes the invisible, visible
Unwind by Neal Shusterman

“There are places you can go,” Ariana tells him, “and a guy as smart as you has a decent chance of surviving to eighteen.”
Connor isn’t so sure, but looking into Ariana’s eyes makes his doubts go away, if only for a moment. Her eyes are sweet violet with streaks of gray. She’s such a slave to fashion – always getting the newest pigment injection the second it’s in style. Connor was never into that. He’s always kept his eyes the colour they came in. Brown. He never even got tattoos, like so many kids get these days when they’re little. The only colour on his skin is the tan it takes during the summer, but now, in November, that tan has long faded. He tries not to think about the fact that he’ll never see the summer again. At least not as Connor Lassiter. He still can’t believe that his life is being stolen from him at sixteen.
Simon & Schuster
2007
ISBN: 978 1 4169 1205 7
Obvious Annotations
tend to be literal, on-the-lines
Thoughtful Annotations
consider the intersection of reading strategies
higher level thinking
tend to include inferences
Unwind by Neal Shusterman

“There are places you can go,” Ariana tells him, “and a guy as smart as you has a decent chance of surviving to eighteen.”
Connor isn’t so sure, but looking into Ariana’s eyes makes his doubts go away, if only for a moment. Her eyes are sweet violet with streaks of gray. She’s such a slave to fashion – always getting the newest pigment injection the second it’s in style. Connor was never into that. He’s always kept his eyes the colour they came in. Brown. He never even got tattoos, like so many kids get these days when they’re little. The only colour on his skin is the tan it takes during the summer, but now, in November, that tan has long faded. He tries not to think about the fact that he’ll never see the summer again. At least not as Connor Lassiter. He still can’t believe that his life is being stolen from him at sixteen.
Who is speaking?
directly-stated question
Why would he only survive until eighteen?
inference question
Ariana shops a lot.
obvious
inference
This novel is set in the future.
thoughtful
inference
I see a guy with brown eyes, no tatoos and a faded tan.
obvious visualization
I think Connor is White because he speaks of his tan fading in the fall.
thoughtful visualization with an inference
Literature Circles
Harvey Daniels
Roles
discussion director
illuminator
illustrator
connector
word watcher
summarizer
historian
Resources for Establishing
Amazing Book Clubs
available free on line
The Dream Snatcher an excerpt by trey anthony
From Voices in the Hall part of the iLit Series, McGraw-Hill Ryerson
page 124-5

Sometimes I have this burning desire to find her. I have thoughts about looking her up. I want to Google her. I want to invite her to one of my shows, perhaps send her a news clipping. Maybe one day, I will invite her to lunch, so I will finally get the chance to say, “It’s not right, nor is it okay for you to shatter someone’s dreams. And Miss, you were so wrong about me!”

I remember her clearly: my Grade Twelve advanced English teacher. Let’s call her Miss B. She had a reputation for being a strict, no-nonsense, dry, frank, straight-talker. She was feared as much as she was hated. Most kids assigned to her class would immediately head to the guidance office, pleading to switch classes. Yet I was dying to be in her class because she taught the only novella –writing course in the school.

The first day of class, I looked around at the other students. I wasn’t surprised to see that I was the only black girl in a sea of white faces. Many of the students of colour were streamed into the general classes or encouraged to take industrial classes such as woodworking, hairdressing, or mechanics. However, there was a South Asian girl who sat on the other side of the room. Every time I tried to make eye contact or smile, she averted her eyes, and pushed her glasses down to the tip of her nose and became engrossed with picking the red nail polish off her right thumb. I correctly concluded that we would never be friends.
Intertextual Connections
Synthesis
iLit.ca
coming this fall: iSkills
Full transcript