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Saturday 4

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English4callcenters .com

on 1 December 2016

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Transcript of Saturday 4

“Uh” sound
B
u
llet

In order to pronounce this sound you have to open your mouth more than in the letter “oo”.
B
oo
k
C
oo
k
F
oo
t
G
oo
d
H
oo
d
H
oo
k
L
oo
k
Sh
oo
k
St
oo
d
T
oo
k
W
oo
d
W
oo
l


C
ou
ld
W
ou
ld
Sh
ou
ld
B
u
ll
B
u
llet
B
u
lly
B
u
sh
C
u
shion
F
u
ll
P
u
dding
P
u
ll
P
u
sh
Listen to your coach and repeat the following words:
She took a piece of wood.
Yesterday I cooked a delicious soup.
My foot looks good with my new sock.
There are 6 bullets in the gun.
I stood up after the Queen arrived.
Practice time
Read the following sentences using the correct "UH" sound
I would never read a book about crime.
If I could buy a car, I would feel really happy.
My foot is full of food.
The young lady looked so good today.
Wait until the turkey is fully cooked.
This vowel sound is a combination of the “o” sound and the letter “W”. You start pronouncing the “o” but you finish pronouncing a small “w”
Listen to your coach and repeat the following words:
L
o
ne
B
o
ne
Cl
o
se
C
o
de
Epis
o
de
H
o
le
H
o
me
H
o
pe
J
o
ke
L
o
ne
W
o
n’t
N
o
te
Ph
o
ne
R
o
le
St
o
ne
Ph
o
ne
P
o
le
Sm
o
ke
St
o
le
V
o
te
Wh
o
le
D
o
n’t

I won’t close the phone store
I watched the last episode as I smoked.
I hope you come home early
I don’t take not of what she says.
The car was stolen last night
Practice time
Read the following sentences using the correct "OW" sound
I told her to take note of what she said
They closed the whole place yesterday.
She won't vote for your brother this year.
They don't smoke at home
"OW" sounds
Sm
o
ke

“AW” sound
H
aw
k

This vowel sound is often confused with the “aw” sound as in the word “bought”.
Listen to your coach and repeat the following words:
B
ou
ght
Br
ou
ght
F
ou
ght
S
ou
ght
Th
ou
ght
A
lmost
D
a
wn
Fl
a
w
H
a
wk
J
a
w
L
a
w


L
a
wn
R
a
w
S
a
w
Sh
a
wl
Y
a
wn
A
ugust
A
uthor
A
utumn
C
a
use
Cl
au
se
D
au
ghter
I thought you were coming last August.
I saw you drinking beers last night.
My daughter has never gone to Alaska.
I almost never go to church.
She brought a big box of candies
She almost never fought at school.
I thought you were coming in August
My daughter saw you sleeping at work.
I almost always drink water.
Practice time
Read the following sentences using the correct "AW" sound
“Ah” sound
ST
o
p

In order to produce the “Ah” sound, you have to wide open your mouth, its sound is very similar to the letter “A” in Spanish.
N
o
t
H
o
t
B
o
dy
B
o
x
F
o
llow
G
o
t
J
o
b
L
o
t

M
o
del
O
bvious
P
o
ssible
Pr
o
bably
Pr
o
blem
St
o
p
Kn
o
t
P
o
t
Note:
As in the other vowels, the spelling may be different but the pronunciation is the same.
Listen to your coach and repeat the following words:
The box was very hot when I opened it.
I will probably not stop while driving.
Mary got a job as soon as possible.
Obviously, she did not do the homework.
She followed me to my job.
The problem is that we could never stop.
Her situation was very obvious.
I will probably change job next week.
The weather is very hot today.
I took a lot of candies out of the box.
Practice time
Read the following sentences using the correct "AH" sound
“AU” sound
CL
OU
D

Ab
ou
t
Acc
ou
nt
Am
ou
nt
Ann
ou
nce
Ar
ou
nd
Backgr
ou
nd
Bl
ou
se
B
ou
nd

B
ou
ndary
Cl
ou
d
Comp
ou
nd
C
ou
ncil
C
ou
nsel
D
o
wn
L
ou
d
T
o
wn
To produce the “Au” sound you have to start with the “Ah” sound followed but the “oo” sound as in the word “Out”

Listen to your coach and repeat the following words:

The blouse is out of the house.
I enjoy beholding the clouds.
The woman is about to shoot.
She has been traveling around the world
I have never created a Facebook account.
She did not give me the total amount.
I want to change the background picture of my phone.
We visited a beautiful town last vacation.
I withdrew some money from my bank account.
I was talking about my family.
Practice time
Read the following sentences using the correct "AU" sound
List of the 50 most mispronounced words in English
accounting
irrational
argue
justice
actually
likeable
available
loosen
arrangements
measurements
basically
middle
business
multiple
calls
national
complete
original
continue
outrageous
contribute
particular
corporation
partnership
differences
problem
directly
prohibit
exactly
quality
educational
question
every
referring
exceptional
regardless
familiar
request
financial
similar
frustrating
specific
general
value
immediately
visualize
inconvenience
vulnerable
introduce
working

Phrase reductions
In English the words are sometimes broken down or they are not fully pronounced, that makes phrases easier to pronounce.
Going to
is pronounced

as
“gonna”
Want to
is pronounced as
“wanna”
Got to
is pronounced as
“Gotta”
Won’t you
is pronounced as
“woncha”
Have to
is pronounced as
“hafta”
Has to
is pronounced as
“hasta”
Did you
is pronounced as
“didja”
Didn’t you
is pronounced as
“didincha”
Would he
is pronounced as
“wouldy”
Ought to
is pronounced as
“oughta”
Out of
is pronounced as
“outta”
Is he
is pronounced as
“Izzy”
Practice time
Read the following sentences with phrase reductions.
You are
going to
eat pizza
Do you
want to
go to the movies
I really
got to
buy that cellphone
Won’t you
give me my money?
I
have to
study for the test
She
has to
improve her skills
Did you
come yesterday?
Didn’t you
learn how to do it?
Would he
buy a house if I tell him?
You
ought to
forgive your brother
Is he
a musician?
Tongue twister
Show your pronunciation skills by reading the following tongue twister
How many cookies could a good cook cook If a good cook could cook cookies? A good cook could cook as much cookies as a good cook who could cook cookies.
Note
:
Focus on the "UH" vowel pronunciation
Stress and Intonation
The intonation is the variation of spoken pitch used to distinguish the attitudes and emotions of the speaker as it is also used to signal the difference between questions and statements. Your intonation helps to keep your conversation interesting.
Practice time
Listen to your coach and repeat with intonation.
The old man did an amazing job!
Stop bothering me, please!
I had never had an experience like that.
I always wash my hands before eating.
You have to taste these incredible muffins
At the end of questions the pitch of the voice goes up at the end, but when it is not a question the pitch of the voice goes down.
Is he drinking soda? No he is not drinking soda.
Is she brushing her teeth? No she is not brushing her teeth.
The intonation in the words, may change the meaning of the sentences
A good exercise to demonstrate the variety of meaning through intonation changes is to take a single sentence, try stressing each word in turn, and see the totally different meanings that come out.
1.
I
didn't say he stole the money.
2. I
didn't
say he stole the money.
3. I didn't
say
he stole the money.
4. I didn't say
he
stole the money.
5. I didn't say he
stole
the money.
6. I didn't say he stole
the
money.
7. I didn't say he stole the
money
.
The stress of words is basically the accentuation in one of the syllables of the word. We say one syllable very loudly and all the other syllables very quietly.

This happens in ALL words with 2 or more syllables: teacher, Japan, china, above, conversation, interesting, important, demand.

The syllables that are not stressed are weak or small or quiet. Fluent speakers of
English listen for the STRESSED syllables, not the weak syllables. If you use word stress in your speech, you will instantly and automatically improve your pronunciation and your comprehension.
Stress
Practice time
Read the following words and pay attention to the stress in each word
Se-
lect
Be-
ha
-vior
Ho-
tel
Com-
pu
-ter
Mad
-ness
Pho
-to-graph
Pho-
to
-gra-pher

Pho-to-
graph
-ic
In-
cre
-di-ble
Phar
-ma-cy
Stop
-watch
Con-
di
tio-ner
Pur
-ple
Con
-fi-dent
There are two very important rules about word stress:

1. One word, one stress.
2. The stress is always on a vowel.
Listen to these words and try to imitate the pronunciation
Once there was an elderly widow, Chen Ma, who lived with her only son inside a forest in the Shanxi Province. Her son was one of the tiger hunters licensed by the local magistrate, following the same profession of his father and grandfather before him. His share of the profits from the sale of tiger skins, meat and bones was sufficient to keep the small mud hut well provisioned for himself and his old mother.

All was well until a particularly bitter winter. During a snowstorm, Chen Ma's son was separated from his fellow hunters and became food for a hungry tigress.

After her initial shock and grief subsided, Chen Ma took stock of her own utterly desperate situation -- an old woman left all alone. She went and implored the magistrate to provide her with compensation for the loss of her son, who was her only source of support. The magistrate decreed that henceforth, she would have a small share of profits from the kill of each tiger by the hunters. Needless to say, his decision was not taken well by the hunters, who had plenty of mouths of their own to feed -- both old and young.
Reading
Read the following text applying all what you have learned. Don't forget your intonation
Full transcript