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Demographic Transition Model


Kami Kinyua

on 13 January 2013

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Transcript of Demographic Transition Model

The demographic transition model suggests that as societies shift from predominantly agricultural production to industrialization, population size increases with transitions in birth and death rates. According to this model, in a highly industrialized and economically sure country, the population growth rate slowly decreases; while a country that is still developing an industrial economy will continue to experience rapid population growth. During stage 1, the “preindustrial stage” of this model, living conditions are harsh and birth and death rates are very high, resulting in slow population growth. In the “transitional stage,” (stage 2) industrialization begins to produce a decline in death rates while birth rates remain high, so that total population size increases. The “industrial age” (stage 3) sees the population begin to stabilize as birth rates decline. The “post-industrial stage” (stage 4) features birth and death rates in balance. It is important to emphasize that the very high death rates are of the young and, therefore, occur before these individuals have had a chance to reproduce. The Demographic Transition Model Kenya: Stage 1 Stage 2 Afghanistan: Stage 1 Stage 4 Stage 3 Australia: Stage 3
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