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10. Teaching listening

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ilyoun yi

on 25 February 2014

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Transcript of 10. Teaching listening

10. Teaching listening
Listening sequences
1. example 1: live interview(beginner onwards)

2. example 2: buying tickets(pre-intermediate)

3. example 3: prerecorded authentic interview-narrative
(upper intermediate)

Listening principles
1. Encourage Ss to listen as often as much as possible.
-The more Ss listen, the better they get at listening.
2. Help students prepare listen.
-Ss need to look at pictures, discuss the topic, or read
questions first.
3. Once may not be enough.
-Subsequent listening is important.
4. Encourage Ss to respond to the content of a listening,
not just to the language.
-to draw out the meaning of what is being said
5. Different listening stages demand different listening tasks.
6. Good teachers exploit listening texts to the full.
Audio and Video
video is richer than audio

4 particular techniques are appropriate for learners
1) play the video without sound
2) play the audio without the picture
3) freeze frame
- the teacher presses the pause button and asks the
students what's going to happen next
4) dividing the class in half
- half the class face the screen. The other half sit with
their backs to it. The 'screen' half describe the visual
images to the 'wall' half.
More listening suggestions
jigsaw listening
message-taking: listen to a phone message
music and sound effects
-songs are very useful and engaging
-Ss can fill in the blanks in song lyrics, rearrange lines
or verses, or listen to songs and say what mood or
message they convey.
news and other radio genre
stories:a major speaking genre is storytellig
-ask Ss to listen to lectures and take notes
-listen to dramatic or comic monologues
Reasons for listening
Listening is good for Ss' pronunciation.
- the more Ss hear and understand spoken English,
the more they absorb appropriate pitch and intonation,
stress and sounds
what are regional varieties?
Ts need to expose their Ss to different varieties of English,
and different kinds of listening.
Different kinds of listening
*intensive listening vs extensive listening
extensive listening is related with 'for pleasure listening'
- audio materials: CDs, MP3 players, DVDs, videos or the Internet
intensive listening means that Ss listen specifically in order to work
on listening skills, and in order to study the way in which English is
Listening sources: live listening, recorded extracts
live listening can Ss interact with the speakers on the basis of what they are saying, making the whole listening dynamic & exciting
Listening levels & skills
Ss need to hear people speaking in different genres.
Ss should listen authentic English.
-authentic speech: it is language spoken for native or competent speaker
of English
Ss need to be able to deploy different skills for listening in order to understand general meaning or, alternatively, to get specific details.
*Students need to be able to recognize paralinguistic clues in order to
understand mood and meaning.
*Students need to be able to listen for specific information, and for more
general understanding.
*Ss need to listen different genres.
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