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The Many Uses of GTFS Data (Florida Public Transportation Association 2015)

Sean Barbeau, Aaron Antrim
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Sean Barbeau

on 18 December 2015

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Transcript of The Many Uses of GTFS Data (Florida Public Transportation Association 2015)

GTFS for Florida Project - Thoughts & Lessons Learned
The Many Uses of GTFS Data
Opening the Door to Transit and Multimodal Applications
Florida Public Transportation Association Annual Meeting
October 2015, Daytona Beach, Florida

Sean Barbeau, Ph.D.
barbeau@cutr.usf.edu

Center for Urban Transportation Research
University of South Florida
www.cutr.usf.edu
Aaron Antrim
aaron@trilliumtransit.com

What is GTFS?
Producing and Disseminating GTFS Data
Trillium Solutions, Inc.
www.trilliumtransit.com
Portland, Oregon
Understand applications
and benefits

GTFS = General Transit Feed Specification
Created in 2005 by Google and TriMet
Now a de facto standard, it is is the most popularly-used data format to describe fixed-route transit services in the world
More than 330 transit agencies in the U.S. provide public GTFS data (over 400 on Google Maps)
CSV files describe geo-spatial, schedule, fare, and service calendar information.
Active, evolving standard
The full Spec is at
https://developers.google.com/transit/gtfs/reference
Trip planning & maps
Timetable & maps creation
Visualization / contexts
Accessibility
Planning, management & analysis
Google Maps
rome2rio.com
OpenTripPlanner
ITO Go
BrailleNote
www.senderogroup.com
plane, train, bus, and drive
open-source
bike, walk, transit, and drive
opentripplanner.org
google.com/transit
OneClick
open-source
fixed-route, specialized demand-responsive
1-click.camsys-apps.com/
timetables, maps, and destination tables
itoworld.com/static/go.html
The Transit App
trip planner, arrival estimates
www.thetransitapp.com
Walk Score
Apartment Search
www.walkscore.com
OpenTripPlanner Analyst
open-source
bit.ly/OTP-Analyst-Blog
We’re small and we can’t provide every customized solution people ask for…. making the data available is something that we’re very familiar with so that developers can develop the tools themselves. It’s like having an army of developers available to us.
— Tim McHugh,
CIO of Portland's TriMet
Over the long-term, open data reduces IT burdens on agencies, allows focus on core business.
Additional resources
GTFS "The Book":
gtfsbook.com

Transit Developers Group
http://bit.ly/transit-developers
"The Many Uses of GTFS Data"
S. Barbeau, A. Antrim
bit.ly/uses-of-gtfs
bit.ly/ITSPaper-ManyUsesGTFS
Moovit
crowdsourced real-time & overcrowding information (moovitapp.com)
Google Maps for mobile
trip planner, arrival estimates + other Google Maps features
www.google.com/mobile/maps
Thanks to Florida Department of Transportation for funding support!
New version of above paper to be published later this year as part of FDOT project
Additional recorded webinars will also be available
Tools to create/maintain GTFS data:
Using scheduling software
- Trapeze, HASTUS, Connexionz, Mentor Engineering
In-house tools
- open-source or in-house applications (For examples see http://bit.ly/GTFS-Open-Tools)
Web-based application
- Self-service or full-service. Vendor list at http://bit.ly/GTFS-Vendors
Requires geocoded bus stop inventory
For maximum value, leverage various dissemination channels to openly share data (don't require logins!)
GTFS-Data-Exchange.com & TransitFeeds.com
Developer page on agency website
More details - http://bit.ly/Transit-Wiki-GTFS
3rd Party Apps May Not Fill All Needs
Agencies may need to supplement with own GTFS-based services
Open-source software is key enabler
TransiTime (transitime.org) - Generates arrival times from vehicle positions
OneBusAway (OneBusAway.org) - Real-time info for mobile apps
OpenTripPlanner (OpenTripPlanner.org) - Multimodal trip planning
More - https://github.com/luqmaan/awesome-transit
Conclusions
Florida GTFS Data
Known GTFS data:
Broward County Transit*
Manatee County Area Transit*
Martin County Public Transit
Palm Tran
Polk County Transit / Winter Haven
Area Transit
SFRTA/Tri-Rail*
Space Coast Area Transit*
Votran*
Regional Transit System (Gainesville)*
Lakeland*
Miami Dade Transit*
Central Florida Regional Transit Authority (Lynx)*
Florida Department of Transportation (SunRail)
Pinellas Suncoast Transit Authority*
Hillsborough Area Regional Transit*
Sumter County Transit
St. Lucie (COASL/ Treasure Coast Connector)
Starmetro
Jacksonville Transportation Authority*

* Verified open data
OneBusAway
open-source - apps for arrival estimates/service alerts, tools
onebusaway.org
Remix (formerly Transit Mix)
http://getremix.com/
OpenTripPlanner (Android)
open-source
real-time trip planner, bikeshare
bit.ly/OpenTripPlanner-for-Android
NYC Transit Service - Superstorm Sandy 2013
Before
After
TAP by Transit Labs
performance and financial management
www.transitlabs.com
Added under FDOT project:
Bay Town Trolley*
Sunshine Bus*
Citrus County Transit*
Hernando Bus*
SunTran (Ocala)*
Emerald Coast (E.C.) Rider (formerly Okaloosa Transit)*
Escambia Transit*

This presentation:
bit.ly/FPTA-2015-GTFS
RideScout
shows transit, bike, taxi, car share, rideshare (69 cities)
www.ridescoutapp.com

open-source - generates arrival times from vehicle positions
www.transitime.org
GTFS-to-HTML
open-source software to create HTML timetables
https://github.com/brendannee/gtfs-to-html
Consultant support exists for open-source solutions - bit.ly/Open-Source-Consultants
Transit Boarding Estimate and Simulation Tool (TBEST)
short-term transit ridership forecasting, market analysis, and network accessibility analysis
tbest.org
Real-time
Produce high-quality data
Accuracy of bus stop locations is important
Consistency of names, stop codes, and numbers improves customer confidence
Make it easy for developers and customers to provide feedback
Public online GTFS validation tool - http://gtfsfeedvalidator.transitscreen.com/
Prepare for real-time NOW
Important to include RFP language requesting GTFS-realtime or SIRI API when procuring AVL system
Make sure your IDs match
timepoint field in stop_times.txt is increasingly important for real-time

Evolving specification, expanding capabilities
Demand-response and flexible service isn't currently standardized within GTFS e.g. Hail-and-Ride (flag stops), flex-route.
There is an effort underway to enhance Specification and application capabilities:
http://bit.ly/gtfs-flex-wg
TransiTime
Funded by
FLORIDA TRANSIT DATA EXCHANGE (FTDE)
Developed by the FDOT Transit Office and Florida International University’s Lehman Center for Transportation Research
A central online repository that hosts and integrates planning-related schedule and spatial data of 31 urban fixed-route transit agencies statewide
Offers public access to each Florida transit agencies’ Geographic Information System (GIS) and GTFS data
FTDE USER TYPES AND DATA EXCHANGE PROCESS
System keeps track of download statistics for all files that require user registration
Can post data files for any agency
SYSTEM ADMINISTRATOR
ANNUAL MAINTENANCE
: - Data is fully maintained and posted by transit agencies
- FDOT only hosts the data via FTDE
- Contact name for each transit agency will be provided for most recent data
PUBLIC / DEVELOPER / PRIVATE AGENCIES
End users can download the data files
TRANSIT AGENCIES
Agencies can choose to require user registration and login to download certain files
FTDE STATUS
Beta testing
Will be available in Spring 2016
For inquiries, please contact Nina Verzosa at nina.verzosa@dot.state.fl.us
Full transcript