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Copy of Effective Revision Techniques
Transcript of Copy of Effective Revision Techniques
A Practical Guide
Effective Revision Strategies are not:
Just keeping your head in a book!
These strategies are passive and retain little information in the long term
Effective Revision Strategies
What does revision mean to students?
Effective Revision at home comprises of:
A suitable environment free from distractions
A variety of techniques to aid information retrieval
Spacing of information
Regular testing with a parent or guardian
Checking that a revision timetable has been made and is being followed
Support from the family, regular breaks and sensible rewards, a healthy diet, a good sleep routine and exercise all contribute to managing what can be a stressful time in students lives.
It may prove more challenging in the short term, but getting students to try to remember the content of a given topic is more effective than making revision notes based on their original content, textbooks etc.
‘Concept mapping’ is an ideal teaching tool for this. Students should attempt to retrieve the information, without their notes or books. They create a hierarchy of connections that they can attempt to organise conceptually.
Spacing‘ is when revising the same information two or three times across a few days improves the likelihood of retaining information in the long term memory (Nuttall, 1999). This may include revising a poem and making connections with another poem, then revisiting the key aspects of that poem in the subsequent lesson, before finally doing a ‘concept map’ at the end of the week to revise the learning from the lessons that week. ‘Massed‘ practice, or ‘cramming‘, can have a good short term effect on memory recall, but it fails in the long term in comparison to ‘spacing’ out revision.
Help your children to manage their work load across an extended period rather than panic cramming the day before an exam. Ask for a copy of their exam timetable to help them prioritise subjects in good time.
Avoid revision activities or homework revision tasks that recommend simply revisiting information.
Plan to revise different topics each week, to create the necessary ‘spacing’ between topics .
Give regular mini-tests, drilling individual answers.
Offer as much additional support and encouragement during this time. Cups of tea, hugs and reassurance will help soothe teenage nerves and anxiety at this time!
Do weekly retrieval activities that reflect upon what you have learnt that week (combining ‘spacing’ and ‘retrieval’)
Long term memory retrieval over short term recall improves examination result success. It also impacts on future learning as more synapse connections are being made.
Post it notes with key pieces of information or vocabulary on them may temporarily take over your home!
Turn notes into bullet points. Keep shortening them until you have one word which will trigger your memory for each point.
• Make flash cards with the key ideas. (see www.flashcardexchange.com for ideas). Colour code them and get someone to test you
• Practice past exam papers
• Turn your notes into pictures or diagrams such as flow charts
• Use websites e.g. BBC bitesize.
• Learning posters – put key information on small posters. Use patterns, colour and drawings. Pin them up where you’ll see them often.
• Make up questions and get somebody to test you verbally. Put aside the ones you don’t know and keep working on them until you learn them all.
• Record notes and put them on an MP3 player. Listen to them as often as possible.
• Make a podcast
• Make a rhyme, rap or song out of your revision notes
• Read your notes out loud to your cat or dog! Sounds silly but it works!
• Explain key ideas to a friend or parent.
Teaching other people helps you to learn and remember .
• Practice past exam papers
• Associate information with actions. Act out your notes as you read them.
• Walk around the room whilst revising.
• Write information on post-its and stick it around the room. Move round the room reading the notes.
• Make up a play involving key ideas and act it out.
• Role play key events or arguments from subjects with friends.
• Instead of reading notes summarise them using a computer.
• Turn your notes into a PowerPoint and share it with friends.
• Practise past exam papers
This should all help your child to stay in the
during exam season and see them realise well deserved success in August.
My Very Easy Method: Just Set Up Nine Planets.
• Use Mnemonics to remember key facts
“Genius is 1% talent and 99% percent hard work”