Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Week 2 Lesson 2: The Significance of Red and White terror

No description
by

Liam Brooks

on 21 April 2017

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Week 2 Lesson 2: The Significance of Red and White terror

add logo here
Week 2 Lesson 2: The Significance of Red and White terror
“Lenin, Trotsky and Dzerzhinsky believed that over-killing was better the risk of being overthrown.”

-
Service on the use of
Red terror
"The revolution ‘logically’ does not demand terrorism just as ‘logically’ it does not demand an armed insurrection … But the revolution does require of the revolutionary class that it should attain its end by all methods at its disposal – if necessary, by an armed rising; if required by terrorism. A revolutionary class which has conquered power with arms in its hands is bound to, and will, suppress, rifle in hand, all attempts to tear the power out of its hands. Where it had against it a hostile army, it will oppose to it its own army. Where it is confronted with armed conspiracy … it will hurl at the heads of its enemies an unsparing penalty.

- Trotsky on the 'reasons' for
Red terror
,
The Defence of Terrorism
(1920)
Two principal 'reasons' for the use of Red terror
1. To maintain power and ensure the survival of the revolution.

2. To enforce
war communism
on a mainly reluctant (even hostile) population
Some quotes to set the scene...
"In Tambov province communists were nailed with railway spikes by their left hand and left foot to trees a metre above the soil, and the Whites watched the torments of these deliberately oddly-crucified people. They would open a prisoner's belly, take out the small intestine and nailing it to a tree or telegraph pole they drove the man around the tree with blows, watching the intestine unwind through the wound."

- Communist writer Maxim Gorky on
White terror
during the Civil War.
Try it in pairs now...
What was war communism?
A series of harsh economic policies instituted between 1918 and 1920 to
attempt to win the Civil War

• banning of private trade (which resulted in the growth of the black market)
• abolition of money as a means of exchange; trade of goods was encouraged
• militarisation of labour – as wages were the same and there was no money in circulation, people were forced to work but without financial compensation
• establishment of Soviet Farms on large estates
• nationalisation of large-scale industry and railways
• rationing of food
• imposition of a grain tax
(requisitioning)
• introduction of Communist Sundays, whereby loyal communists were expected to ‘volunteer’ to aid the war effort.
What does
claim> supporting evidence
look like in a fluent piece of writing?
The Bolsheviks initiated harsh repressive measures in order to maintain power and ensure the survival of the revolution. The assassination attempt on Lenin in August 1918
demonstrated
the fragility of the Bolsheviks' hold on power and the growing threat from counterrevolutionaries. The Cheka responded by shooting more than 500 hostages,
thus signaling
the regime's ruthless approach to clinging to power.
A further example of
how terror was used to maintain power
was
the execution of the royal family...
1. To maintain power and ensure the survival of the revolution.


Sample
claim
in a SAC or exam:

The Bolsheviks initiated harsh repressive measures in order to maintain power and ensure the survival of the revolution.

Sample
supporting evidence
:
512 hostages were shot by the Secret Police after the assassination attempt on Lenin.

The assassination attempt on Lenin in August 1918 demonstrated the fragility of the Bolsheviks' hold on power and the growing threat from counterrevolutionaries. The Cheka responded by shooting more than 500 hostages, thus signalling the regime's ruthless approach to clinging to power.


LI:
To understand the significance of red and white terror in challenging the new regime.


SC:
Students will be able to explain how red terror may have represented a compromise of pre-revolutionary ideals, as well as explain how white terror posed a challenge to the new regime.


Potentially defenslble general claim
Identifies specific supporting evidence (event)
Explains why this specific evidence is important
Smooth transition to further supporting evidence
Use of template phrases to structure thinking and writing, and transition smoothly
Activity: Primary sources and the Red terror
1. Working individually,

2. Read and annotate the sources.

3. Answer the questions in a thorough manner.

4. We have 20 minutes.

5. Class discussion to follow.
Full transcript