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Copy of IBDP WS PPT
Transcript of Copy of IBDP WS PPT
THE EE AS VISUALIZED IN THE DP PROGRAM
STEP 4: Planning
All students must have a Powerpoint presentation where the above points are visually represented. The panel will be looking to see that all students have workable research questions, a draft essay plan and a properly formulated bibliography.
You are free to present a summation of the content of your EEs in whichever manner you choose.
Powerpoints must be saved using the students’ full names and stored on the student drive for easy retrieval on the day of the presentations (in the folder titled Extended Essay Cafe).
Students must bring along Form 4 filled in with all relevant details for submission to supervisors/panel.
The Extended Essay
IS NOT INCLUDED IN THE WORD COUNT
SHOULD NOT APPEAR ON THE TABLE OF CONTENTS
PLACED AFTER THE TITLE PAGE – BEFORE TABLE OF CONTENTS
INCLUDE WORD COUNT AT END (NO PAGE NUMBER)
THINGS TO KEEP IN MIND
STATE THE RESEARCH QUESTION EXPLICITLY (what is the key emphasis?)
ETSABLISH THE SCOPE OF INVESITIGATION (how was the investigation carried out?)
STATE YOUR CONCLUSION (what conclusions have you arrived at?)
THE THREE THINGS
The school can do a lot to prepare both students and teachers for the EE process.
In pairs, discuss either/or:
What your school already doing.
What you believe it should do (optimal scenario).
What is feasible for it to do
Use the workbook to jot down your ideas.
Showing Critical Discussion
(refer to workbook)
When carrying out research, it is very important to think about: -
Informed consent: Researchers should tell participants what they are doing and why they are doing it.
How they report their findings: They should do this accurately and honestly
Harm: The physical, social and mental well being of participants should not be harmed by research.
Anonymity: Changing the name of participants in order to protect their privacy.
Ethical Issues and Concepts in Research:
Which is an example of validity and which of reliability? – Give a reason for your answers.
A friend of mine was bullied at school recently. He told me in detail about his feelings at the time and afterwards. Now I really understand what it must be like.
We were all given an intelligence test every day this week. Our results were very consistent. Each of us gained the same score every time we took the test.
Validity and Reliability
Presentation and interpretation of results (e.g. comparison with results in previous research, effects of methods used on the data obtained).
Has the research problem been “solved”?
To what extent have the objectives been achieved?
What has been learnt from the results?
How can this knowledge be used?
What are the shortcomings of the research, or the research methodology?
Results and Discussion:
This is where you relate the material gathered to the primary aims and objectives of your Extended Essay’s research question.
There must be a scholarly interpretation of your findings – this means that you must draw links to academic theories or approaches relevant to your subject, not simply tell a nice story.
Explain what evidence exists to support the relationship of the various points.
Refer to the primary and secondary research findings (including any statistics, tables and diagrams) to support your argument.
Remember, examiners want to see the development of a logical argument which can be supported by evidence.
Review of previous work(s) relating to research problem (to define, explain, justify)
Review of previous work(s) relating to methodology (to define, explain, justify)
Review of previous work(s) relating to results (particularly reliability, etc.)
Any review of relevant literature must:
Highlight the main arguments/themes to emerge from the literature studied.
Outline main points covered
Logically structure discussion of key themes, sub-divided in sections under headings
Ensure the headings reflect the content of each section
Basics of Research Methods
STEP 4: Planning
Essay titles must fit into one specific area of knowing or subject. They cannot straddle multiple subjects.
If multifaceted then the investigation must focus on one subject’s methodologies.
Titles should be feasible, ie. be based on the availability of resources.
Questions can and should be altered if there is no info/resources available for proposed titles.
THINGS TO TAKE NOTE OF…
In pairs, refine the following broad topics into workable RQs:
Paganism and Christianity (World Religions)
The dowry system in contemporary India (Peace & Conflict Studies)
The non-use of nuclear weapons since WWII (History)
Use of technology to boost marketing campaign of Dubai Film Festival (Business & Management)
H.R. Giger’s ‘Necronomicon’ and sexuality (Visual Arts)
The idea of development in William Wordsworth and Yevgeny Yevtushenko (English A1)
Ideally, EE Coordinators should limit the supervision of EEs to a maximum of 3 per teacher.
Certain staff who are on lighter timetables or who express particular keenness could viably take a fourth candidate.
Students who are unable to either find or receive an EE supervisor should have considered a backup subject choice.
Non-subject specialists can be called in to help in certain cases (English or History teachers, for example, supporting a Peace and Conflict Studies Essay or a Human Rights one is common in schools).
Where a subject proves popular (e.g. Business and Management, History) certain schools use non-specialists as primary supervisors with subject specialists acting in an advisory capacity (content based support).
The Role of the Supervisor
Extended Essay OBJECTIVES
While working on the extended essay, students are expected to:
plan and pursue a research project with intellectual initiative and insight
formulate a precise research question
gather and interpret materials from sources appropriate to the research question
structure a reasoned argument in response to the research question on the basis of the material gathered
present their extended essay in a format appropriate to the subject, acknowledging sources in one of the established academic ways
use the terminology and language appropriate to the subject
apply analytical and evaluative skills appropriate to the subject with an understanding of the implications and the context of their research
Must there be secondary research for an EE in English -- is it enough that the student just work with primary sources -- meaning the literary texts to be discussed?
The primary focus of the research for a literature' essay must be the primary source(s) - the literary work(s) itself/themselves. Otherwise, the EE could become 'a pastiche of critical reviews'. Nevertheless, students should be aware of, not necessarily trends in lit. analysis, but what other critics have written about the text(s) or the kinds of topics the student is investigating.
Are supervisors allowed to write comments on the actual final copy of the EE that is turned in?
No comments on EE copy itself; only on supervisor's report.
What do you do with EE submission of less than 3000 words?
How long is a piece of string argument...focus on quality not quantity. Essays that fall below this threshold generally don’t do the topic justice but that doesn’t automatically preclude the possibility.
I have a student who would like to do his EE on lion fish which are an invasive species in our area, they are killed constantly by divers and fishermen. Is the student allowed to kill lion fish as well?
No according to the IB Animal Experimentation Policy however using fish caught by fishermen to study them falls into the grey area...
Should a student doing an EE which requires the collation of data from multiple interviews include full transcripts of these in an appendix?
Just a bibliography that acknowledges the date and person should be enough BUT if your student uses or paraphrases interview comments in the essay's main text, then appropriate footnotes /endnotes should also be supplied.
Can you include CDs of musical compositions for Music EEs?
The model for the extended essay is a paper in an academic journal. Hence, materials such as [CDs, DVDs and audio-visual materials] should not normally be included. They are liable to be lost or damaged and the examiner will probably not have time to look at them.
Are students doing the EE in psychology allowed to use surveys as part of the analysis?
Data collection and research methods, such as experiments, surveys, observations and case studies, are not appropriate for a psychology extended essay, and should not form part of the student's project
What are the penalties for exceeding the word limit in either the essay or abstract?
A zero is awarded for criterion I and/or J
Extended Essay in brief
4000 word structured research essay (includes a 300 word abstract).
Is assessed across 11 criteria
On a research topic of student’s devising
Related to an approved diploma subject from Handbook of Procedures
Constitutes a work of independent research
40 hours of work (for students...not supervisors)
Concluding with a short 10-15 min interview (Viva Voce)
Contributes to a maximum of 3 bonus points to the total score of the IB diploma (EE+TOK)
There are no plans change the essay as a task for the DP.
A reflective component will most likely be added to fit in with the IB Learner Profile
A research proposal will also likely become an integral component of the EE (placing “emphasis on crafting a workable research question which is the essential element in producing a successful extended essay” EE Curriculum Review, 2012).
The reflective and research proposal are likely to become assessed components (meant to help all students structure their essays and lift weaker ones out of failing).
Subject specific methodology guides
A focus for the next meeting is on finding ways to cut down on the EE as a task.
Proposed Changes (2015)
Essay format: shorten essay; explore other formats; suits history/humanities better than
Allow science subjects to present in a different style
Subjects: loosen boundaries between subjects; link essay with other core elements
Reflection: short reflection process as in MYP project; include a personal research log
Supervisor’s role: improve section on responsibilities of supervisor to make it more detailed
Assessment: overlap between criteria D, E and F; holistic criterion K is difficult to assess;
Value of the Extended Essay
My Role in the Macro Scenario
Updates in the Extended Essay
EE Think Tanks
What do we already know?
My Perceptions & the Group Consensus
How does the Extended Essay embody and inculcate the values expressed in the IB’s Learner Profile?
For example, the EE encourages students to be intellectually curious and to take risks with regards the selection and exploration of a topic about which they desire further knowledge and understanding.
The IB Learner Profile
Teachers/librarians are busy people.
Ready-to-go materials and ideas
Subject and research question
Background (what is their EE about? key issues addressed etc)
Research conducted thus far and planned research for the summer
Possible chapter headings (a working outline of possible sections and/or chapters)
Problems encountered and solutions found where applicable
Things to Include:
Students present their research question, chapter headings and snippets of interesting findings they may have come across in their reading with their peers.
The student/parental audience has an opportunity to offer comments and suggestions for improvements.
It also offers an opportunity to students to learn about the different topics that are being researched and consequently broaden their knowledge about different contexts and issues of global importance.
The Extended Essay Concept
Training session for supervisors run by the extended essay coordinator and/or experienced supervisors
Special sessions for students on how to approach research for the extended essay, including use of the internet (the librarian may be best placed to do this with students)
Courses on the mechanics of referencing (again, the librarian will probably know most about this)
Study-skills sessions for students on note-taking and structuring essays
Outline of research methodologies appropriate to the subject (for example, questionnaire design and interview techniques)
Structures that allow teachers to collaborate
General flow chart that details key milestones, finishing with the completion of the essay
Strategies & Timelines
Session 5: Managing the EE
Interviews are often a useful way to generate research material. An interviewer must have pre-prepared a series of questions to ask however the interviewer can ask follow-up questions that arise from responses given. Respondents dictate their own answers to questions posed.
Questionnaires Carried out by an Interviewer
Information that was not present before the research began generated by the researcher. It includes data produced by questionnaires, interviews and observations
Refers to data which already exists. Includes data from historical records, official statistics, government reports, diaries, autobiographies, novels, newspapers, films and recorded music
Primary and Secondary Data
Qualitative data: Descriptions of people’s feelings about a particular subject or event. For example, how they feel about their future prospects in the job market. This type of data is usually in the form of words.
Quantitative Data: Data which is represented in number form or something that can be measured. For example, statistics on qualifications and social class. This kind of data can be represented as percentages, tables, bar charts etc.
(How the results were achieved): explanation of how data was collected/generated.
(How the data was analyzed): explanation of methodological problems and their solutions or effects.
(Bias): You should discuss the validity and reliability of the methods used to generate your data (or the data obtained from secondary sources) as well as explaining what steps have been taken to reduce bias (or how you’ve accommodated for it in secondary sources).
Step 3: SOURCE TABLE
Locate 10x sources for possible investigation. [You should be able to prove to your supervisor that there is enough available research to conduct a thorough investigation into the topic chosen]
Can you find enough variety in your sources (books, articles, websites, etc)?
Does your subject require reference to specific literature (e.g. Peace and Conflict Studies)? Is it available?
Have you checked in the library (or spoken to the librarian)?
Have you referenced the material using an approved style (e.g. APA)?
STEP 2: Resource Gathering
Essay titles do not need to be framed in the form of questions though this does help give essays (and students) a central focus.
It is useful to dig up past papers from any examination cycle for essay starters and ideas.
e.g. “to what extent…”, “Assess the role of…”, Considering the process of change…how far could…”
Extended Essay 101
To what extent have pagan rituals, images and symbols influenced those of Christianity?
To what extent does the continuation of the dowry system in modern Indian society contribute to the existence of gender discrimination?
What factors best explain the non-use of nuclear weaponry during the Vietnam War?
How can technology be used within the marketing campaign of Dubai International Film Festival to help it develop further?
How does H.R. Giger use detail in ‘The Necronomicon’ to explore themes of sexuality and society?
How and to what effect do the poets W. Wordsworth and Y. Yevtushenko use the idea of development within their poems ‘Prelude’ Books I & II and ‘Zima Junction’?
Possible Research Questions
Originality in contemporary art.
An evaluative investigation into the originality (or lack thereof) of Pablo Picasso’s Cubist art.
TITLE (Research Question):
To what extent can Pablo Picasso be called an artist of original works of genius as opposed to derivative works of cultural theft?
The nature of memory.
The nature of human memory: its role and importance in eyewitness testimony.
TITLE (Research Question):
The fallibility of memory in eyewitness testimony: a review of evidence and implications.
Totalitarian states in the 20th century.
A comparison of the Nazi totalitarian state with that of Italy under Benito Mussolini.
TITLE (Research Question):
To what extent was the Nazi state more efficient than Mussolini’s state in controlling the people it governed?
In what ways does Charlotte Bronte reveal her attitudes to religion in Villette and Jane Eyre?
Charlotte Bronte’s views on religion in Villette and Jane Eyre
Religion in literature
This is obviously far too broad
Religion in 19th century literature
Still too broad
Religion in the works of the Bronte Sisters
This is better but too many works involved
Religion in the work of Charlotte Bronte
Possible but again there are too many works
Attitudes to religion in Jane Eyre
Good but needs more focus (whose attitudes?)
INITIAL TOPIC SUGGESTIONS:
From Topic to Research Question
Supporting EE Supervisors during EE Phases (Support Emails)
Supervisory Contracts – A Requirement?
Assessment Grids/Supervisory Response Forms (1st Draft)
Mapping out the Supervision – A Structured Approach
WHAT MODELS WORK FOR YOU?
WHAT CAN YOU ADOPT/ADAPT?
A staff audit is a useful way of discovering what subjects teachers could viably support students with.
For example, in my previous school, an English teacher had a degree in Film while a Mathematics teacher held degrees (and professional experience) in Economics and Business.
Money is always nice…(a stipend for example)
Time allowance on timetables is also nice…(depending on EE allocation, could be in the form of protected periods, limited cover, limited playground duties).
SUPERVISORY ROLES & Responsibilities
advise and guide on research skills
inform, encourage and support
advise on topic choice and research question
ensure legal and ethical standards are met
read and comment on the first draft
monitor progress and confirm authenticity
submit a predicted grade
report suspected malpractice
A good history essay has to be well researched and well organised.
Events that happened within the last 10 years are NOT appropriate for History EE
This means looking for and reading a lot of sources.
Keep a list of all sources you find.
Avoid summarising general secondary sources.
Use primary and secondary sources in order to establish and appraise varying interpretation.
Analyse sources in order to explain changing views over time of particular happenings or developments.
Collect and analyse oral and written data.
Note cards (electronic or other) are useful to keep track of info.
Avoid overly familiar topics (origins of WWI etc).
Opt for local histories (or explore how larger historical events
impacted a local community)
In pairs, read through the introductory material of your allocated EE subject guide and devise a list of seven to ten key tips or suggestions for any student wishing to take on an EE in that subject.
Make it simple to understand.
Make it supervisor friendly!
SUBJECT TIP SHEET
Andy Warhol’s influence on the history of art
To what extent do the characters in Hair (the play) symbolize distinct facets of the social revolution of the 1960's?
To what extent is Current United States Immigration Policy Affected by Economic Conditions in the United States since 1994?
An investigation into the variables that affect infection rates of viruses and the time that it takes to infect a target population completely.
Topics Which subject?
“… the more background a student has in the subject, the better the chance he or she has of writing a good extended essay. Choosing to write the extended essay in a subject that is not being studied as part of the Diploma Programme often leads to lower marks.” (p7. EE Guide; 2012)
THE SPIRIT OF THE IB VS REALITY….
What the IB says…
The Nuts and Bolts
Continue to consolidate my plan for each chapter with sufficient evidence this will be done by:
-Reading more books
-Writing to historians about the topic
And write a draft of my EE!!!!
Tyldesley, J. (1998). Hatchepsut The Female Pharaoh. England: Penguin Group.
Roerig, R. D. (2005). Hatshpsut - From queen to pharaoh. New York: The metropolitan museum of art.
Robins, G. (1993). Women In Ancient Egypt. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Frederick. (2011). Hatshepsut's temple at Deir El Bahari. New York: SuMon Publishers.
Pita, M. I. (2009). Truth is the Soul of the Sun. CreateSpace.
ARTICLES AND WEBSITES
Ann, C. (2011, July 14). Hatshepsut. Retrieved April 2, 2012, from Teen Ink: http://www.teenink.com/nonfiction/academic/article/348279/Hatshepsut/
Bediz, D. (n.d.). The Story of Hatshepsut,. Retrieved April 2, 2012, from Hatshepsut: http://www.bediz.com/hatshep/story.html
Brown, C. (2009). The King Herself. National Geographic , http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2009/04/hatshepsut/brown-text.html.
Hawass, Z. (n.d.). Quest for the Mummy of Hatshepsut. Retrieved April 2, 2012, from Guardians: http://guardians.net/hawass/articles/quest_for_the_mummy_of_hatshepsut.htm#_ftnref1
Lewis, J. J. (2007, July 3). A Woman's View of Hatshepsut's History. Retrieved April 6, 2012, from About.com: http://womenshistory.about.com/od/hatshepsut/a/kara_cooney_2.htm
Lewis, J. J. (n.d.). Hatshepsut and Ancient Egypt's Theology of Kingship. Retrieved April 3, 2012, from About.com: http://womenshistory.about.com/od/hatshepsut/a/king_theology.htm
Nosotro, R. (2010, October 9). "His Majesty, Herself - Queen Hatshepsut". Retrieved April 3, 2012, from HyperHistory.net: http://www.hyperhistory.net/apwh/bios/b1hatshepsut_3hm.htm
Tyldesley, D. J. (2011, Febuary 12). Hatshepsut and Tuthmosis: a royal feud? Retrieved April 2, 2012, from BBC : www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/eqyptians/hatshepsut.01.shtml
Walker, R. J. (1997). World Civilazations: A Comparative Study. 67.
Wilson, E. B. (2006, Setptember). The Queen Who Would Be King. Retrieved April 2, 2012, from Smithsonian magazine: www.smithsonianmag.com/history-archaeology/The-Queen-Who-Would-Be-King.html
WHAT IS IT?
One very successful course of action that I have followed is to intervene at key points in the year with ‘guerrilla’ sessions on key aspects of the EE.
RATIONALE: Helps avoid duplication of work for supervisors AND it also ensures a consistent message is conveyed to students with regards important structural and technical aspects of the EE.
Presence of researcher may negatively impact on validity of data, especially when it comes to sensitive questions.
Respondents may also give answers which they feel are more socially acceptable, rather than answering truthfully.
Interviewer can clarify questions The participant does not understand.
The interviewer can also encourage respondent give more details
Questionnaires Carried Out by an Interviewer
What is your opinion on the amount of homework given each week?
Well, I personally feel it stinks...
The open ended questionnaire has a number of pre-set questions, but no choice of answers. This enables respondents to dictate their own answers.
A questionnaire is a list of pre-set questions. A useful tool for conducting a social survey because it can be used to gather information from a large number of people.
Survey Monkey is a very useful free online tool to conduct such research (www.surveymonkey.com)
Social Survey: Questionnaires
How about the following?:
Good to begin exploring one’s choice of topics by answering the following questions:
What is it about the topic that interests you and stimulates your curiosity?
What questions, apparent contradictions or debates raised by the topic are worthy of further consideration and why?
What is your potential position on the topic?
STEP 1: Questioning
Wind power as a clean source of energy.
TITLE (Research Question):
To what extent can wind power be termed a clean source of energy?
Environmental Systems Example
I really loved my English literature lessons, especially the ones we did on 19th century novels.
I am also interested in religion…especially Christianity.
[NOTE: The key is to explore an area that is of interest to the student].
Deciding on a topic/subject area
It is important that topics of interest clearly fit into a discrete subject discipline. Topics that straddle different subjects are not eligible for investigation under current extended essay regulations (except World Studies).
Where a particular topic of interest lends itself to multidisciplinary approaches it must be investigated through the methodology of one subject discipline only.
THE RIGHT FIT
To what extent have the tribal leaders in the province of Balochistan, Pakistan helped mitigate conflict in the province?
The Learner Profile in Action
One main problem I had was with the sources. Due to the nature of the topic it is heavily based on secondary sources and interpretation. To over come this I had to read a range of articles and books.
Mr Kosta is very demanding.
-Joyce Tyldesley is a British archaeologist and Egyptologist, academic, writer and broadcaster.
-The book is seen as a biography of Hatshepsut but the way in which the author has written it is arguable.
-She is a very well researched scholar who stays to the tradition of stating all the possible interpretations of her data.
Tyldesley, J. (1998). Hatchepsut The Female Pharaoh. England: Penguin Group.
-Before the death of her husband she had an array of title. To a degree she was able to manipulate these by giving herself such titles as ‘God’s Wife’.
-It was the context of the time that it was seen as ok for women to rule in the steed of a infant son as King’s mother of Queen regent.
-Although Thutmose III was not her son she took on the role as Queen Regent
-Social context of women
-Role as queen regent
Which factor best explains Hatshepsut’s consolidation of power during the New Kingdom ?
Analysis of secondary data
More Research Methods
Limited choice of answers. Respondents cannot explain their views fully.
Meaning of questions maybe unclear.
May lack validity because the researcher imposes a limited choice of answers. May not reflect social reality of respondent.
Quick to complete
Easy to produce standardized, statistical data.
Data is usually reliable. Researchers can check findings and repeat the research
Chapter 1- Political Factors
-Social context of women
Chapter 2 - Religion
-Cult of Amun
Chapter 3 - Economic Factors
-Voyage to Punt
Chapter 4 - Domestic Policies
Chapter 5 - Iconography
-Change from Queen to King
Table of Contents
What Did She Do?
-She became king and represented herself in men’s clothing (e.g. attached a ceremonial beard to her chin).
-Her reign was one of peace and prosperity with an effective government, expanding foreign trade and artist rebirth.
It’s hard to classify and turn into statistical data.
May not be as reliable as pre-coded questionnaires. Because it can produce a wide range of answers, it could be difficult to compare to other similar research. May also be difficult to repeat research and get similar results.
Produces more valid data because it allows the respondents to use their own words to express how they feel.
They provide more detail and depth compared to pre-coded questionnaires
Don’t snap please!
Reliability: If you used the same method as previous researcher, and get similar results, then the method is reliable.
For example, different researchers can use the same questionnaire on similar groups within the population. If the questionnaire is reliable, then the results should be similar.
Key Issues and Concepts in Research: Reliability
To what extent do Eichhornia crassipes remove nitrates and phosphates from a sodium nitrate and potassium dihydrogen phosphate solution acting as contaminated water?
ESS or Biology?
It is advisable to choose the subject for the extended essay before deciding upon what topic or research question the extended essay will be written on. [No brainer. Is it though?]
The subject chosen for the extended essay does not have to be one of the subjects being studied by the candidate for the diploma, but care should be taken to choose a subject about which the candidate has sufficient knowledge, skills and interest.
CHOICE OF SUBJECT
-Amun is the god of life and Re is the god of the sun. In a tactical move Hatshepsut joined these two to create the ultimate god.
-The Divine Birth is based on the story of Isis and Osiris. Hatshepsut could not rule as a female by herself without religious security.
-Cult of Amun
-She was the first female Pharaoh
-After the death of her father she married her step-brother Thutmose II and had a daughter with him.
-When he died the throne passed to his son and Hatshepsut's nephew Thutmose III.
-He was an infant so she ruled as queen regent. During this time she took the throne.
Who Was She?
e.g. Religion in specific works of Charlotte Bronte
e.g. C. Bronte’s attitudes to religion in X & Y novels
e.g. Religion in the 19th century
No EE = NO Diploma
1 additional point secured
28 points needed to pass
Automatic failing condition
EE FLOW CHART
Head of Sixth Form
Refer to IB Coordinator
In a pre-coded questionnaire, the person is asked a few pre-set questions with a limited number of multiple choice answers.
How many hours do you spend on homework per week?
1 - 3 hours
4 – 6 hours
7 – 9 hours
10 – 12 hours
More: Please specify…………………
I’ve not had any!
How many girlfriends have you had in the past five years?
Validity: Data can said to be valid if it provides an accurate picture of social reality. However, some research may not always accurately reflect the social reality of the group being studied. For example, participants may not always respond truthfully to an interviewer’s questions.
Key Issues and Concepts in Research: Validity