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Odyssey Intro

Gives a brief background on Homer, The Odyssey, and literary terms

Kelsey McGlynn

on 28 February 2016

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Transcript of Odyssey Intro



Elements of the Epic:
Hero: usually of legendary proportions, often partially divine (Odysseus is mortal)
Adventures: hero accomplishes tasks that no man could conceivably complete
Multiple Settings: travel
Supernatural: gods, magic, etc.
Epic Style of Writing: ornate, drawn out, exaggerated (cannot accept at face value)
Omniscient narrator: all-knowing

Epic Heroes:
This increases their relatability.
Wrote The Illiad and
The Odyssey.

Famous poet who lived around the 8th or 9th century B.C.

Also recorded many Greek myths
Not this guy...
Odysseus came up with
the idea of the Trojan Horse

He's known for his
wisdom and bravery.
How the Trojan War Began:
Eros throws out a golden apple: “For the fairest.”
Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite fight for the apple.
The goddesses make promises to Paris (prince of Troy who is deciding the competition):
Athena will make him wise.
Hera will give him power to rule the world.
Aphrodite promises him the love of the world’s most beautiful woman.
The Greeks launch 1000 ships against Troy.
The war lasts ten years.
Troy is destroyed; Helen is returned to Greece.
Odysseus begins his way home...but it doesn't go smoothly...
Invocation of the Muse
In media res
Homeric Similes
From the clip...
What do the Greeks seem to value?
What are your initial impressions of Odysseus?
prayer to the Muse
at the beginning of
an epic
In the middle
of things
Long similes
short, descriptive phrases
"blazing-eyed Athena"
think of descriptive nicknames
Do you know how the
Greeks won the Trojan
Paris chooses Aphrodite’s gift, kidnaps Helen (queen of Sparta), and "takes" her back to Troy, starting the Trojan War.
"Neither reply nor pity came from him,
but in one stride he clutched at my companions
and caught two in his hands like squirming puppies
to beat their brains out, spattering the floor" (Homer 989).

Greek Values
Social Ideals:
Xenia: hospitality (Zeus: fear of the gods)
Reciprocity: mutual exchange
Arete: excellence and honor (moral virtue)
Aidos: modesty and shame (opposite of arrogance)
Ergon: hard work
Full transcript