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Human Geography Vocabulary Presentation
Transcript of Human Geography Vocabulary Presentation
Understand the impact humans have on the physical and cultural landscape.
Understand the impact various landscapes have on people.
Learn about specific areas of the world through a spatial perspective.
Goals of Human Geography Words that help a geographer describe the spatial dimensions of earth and its people.
The arrangement of a feature in space.
(Where mountains are on planet earth)
The frequency with which something occurs in space.
Population Density of China. One dot = 50,o00 people.
Density The extent of a features spread over space.
The feature could be spread out or close together.
Concentration A feature on earth’s surface is bunched together. Minnesota, Wisconsin and the Northeast Coastal Region have clusters of Lymes disease reported cases. Cluster Dispersed Features on earths surface are spread out.
Recycling centers are dispersed throughout Cass County.
Distribution Human Geography Vocab Words Pattern Geometric arrangement of objects in space.
Check out the differences between the patterns of streets in Minneapolis and St. Paul.
GIS-Global Information Systems High performance computer system that processes geographic information in layers on a map.
Layers of data are shown here.
A Name given to a place on earth
Names can indicate many possible characteristics of a place.
They can reveal political, religious, and cultural values of a place.
Toponym Site The Physical or Cultural characteristics of a place.
Situation The location of a place relative to other places.
The situation of a place can impact many things including: business, conflict, recreation and culture.
What are the positive aspects of St. Petersburg's geographic situation? Formal Region
An area with measurable, objective boundaries.
A region that is based on subjective criteria.
What people believe to be a region.
Not easy to measure accurately.
Vernacular/Subjective Region The spread of something from an initial point (Hearth) on earth to other places. Diffusion Types of Diffusion Relocation Diffusion an innovation originates somewhere and is adopted briefly, but by the time is has
diffused to other areas it has already lost its strength in the area in which it originated.
Thus, there is no stable core area. Contagious Diffusion - A form of expansion diffusion in which an innovation (or other phenomenon) spreads across contiguous space after direct contact between the innovator(s) and potential adapters of an innovation (or other phenomenon). Hierarchical Diffusion - A form of expansion diffusion in which an innovation (or other phenomenon) spreads over space from large places to progressively smaller ones, skipping the spaces in between. Contrast contagious diffusion. http://www.valpo.edu/geomet/geo/courses/geo101/glossary.html#hierarchical_diffusion Example: Amish culture moved from Switzerland to Pennsylvania Example: Hip Hop music spread throughout the U.S. and then the world. Example: Fashion often spreads from Paris to NYC to Chicago then to Minneapolis skipping the smaller cities in between. Eventually it gets to smaller and smaller cities. Scale - The size of extent of a given process. Typically geographers refer to processes occurring at local, regional, national or global scales. To understand places it is often necessary to understand how different processes working at different scales come together in specific location, thereby creating, out of a set of general processes, a unique outcome.
Scale can also refer to the size of something on a map proportionate to its size on planet earth. Geographic Scale is often divided into Cartographic Scale and Analysis Scale Cartographic scale is the relationship between the usually smaller map and the larger space on earth that
it represents. For example 1 inch = 10 miles.
Given a map of fixed size as the area represented gets larger the RF (representative fraction) gets smaller, hence a map of the world would be considered a smaller scale than a zoom in on a city (larger scale). This is sometime confusing to students so think of it as a zoomed in map of a city makes a tiny dot that is a city on a world map larger. Analysis Scale refers to the size of a unit at which an
issue is studied, i.e. county scale, state scale, global scale, etc. Which map above is the larger scale? A B For Example: Disease, a new way of doing something, language, etc. Wecome to Human Geography