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Inclusive Youth Organizing
Transcript of Inclusive Youth Organizing
Roots Of Youth Violence
Inclusive Youth Organizing
Year Of The Gun
Focusing on the Roots of Violence Involving Youth: Areas where multiple roots intertwine to generate the immediate risk factors must be identified and given priority in order to make the largest structural and most sustainable impacts on the roots.
Asset-Based: This involves looking in each neighbourhood to determine what is working already, and to find and support local sources of strength. What is important is that the operating orientation not be to simply focus on naming problems.
Tailoring: Addressing the roots of violence involving youth requires understanding the particular constellation of issues affecting a neighbourhood and its capacities and strengths, and then providing the flexibility to adapt broader policies and programs to these local circumstances and their unique intersections.
Have a deep sense of alienation and low self-esteem
Have little empathy for others and suffer from impulsivity
Believe that they are oppressed, held down, unfairly treated and neither belong to nor have a stake in the broader society
Believe that they have no way to be heard through other channels
Have no sense of hope.
A repaired social context to make Ontario’s social context work for all Ontarians by addressing the roots of violence involving youth, including poverty, racism, poor housing, youth mental health, education, the need for supports for families and youth engagement, and issues arising in youth justice.
A youth policy framework to guide and coordinate policies and programs for youth by reference to developmental stages and outcome goals.
A neighbourhood capacity and empowerment focus to strengthen communities through initiatives such as schools as hubs, supporting resident engagement and stable funding for agencies that serve disadvantaged communities.
Integrated governance to drive and coordinate work across the Ontario government and to work effectively with the other orders of government and with the strengthened communities.
Open Space Technology
Community Engaged Art
Professional Devlopment & Mentorship
Why Are You Here?
Political & Social Context Overview Of Youth Organizing In Toronto
Harvesting Our Challenges
Emphasizing Key Skills
Community Building: If local problems are to be addressed on local turf and if solutions are to grow out of local strengths, it follows that residents and local agencies must have significant roles in setting policies and priorities. These roles strengthen the community, which, in turn, leads to the stronger community itself reducing the impact of the roots, while beginning to remove them.
Collaborative: The place-based approach both requires and facilitates collaboration among governments and with communities in ways that get the greatest value from the initiatives and assets of each.
The legislation will eliminate conditional sentences, those served in the community or under house arrest, for a range of crimes, including sexual assault, manslaughter, arson, drug trafficking, kidnapping and fraud or theft over $5,000. It will also eliminate double credit for time already served.
Critics say these changes will:
Cost the federal and provincial justice and corrections systems millions of additional dollars a year. The parliamentary budget officer, Kevin Page, has estimated that the average cost per offender will rise from approximately $2,600 to $41,000 as a consequence of the elimination of conditional sentences.
Lead to more trials as those accused of crimes will be less likely to plead guilty if they know there is no chance they will get a conditional sentence and will be more likely to take their chances on a trial. Some have predicted this will lead to greater backlogs in an already backlogged court system.
Result in more parole hearings. Page's analysis predicted that with the increase in the number of incarcerations, there will be more offenders coming up for parole, which will increase costs for federal and provincial parole review boards. A single review by the Parole Board of Canada costs an estimated $4,289, Page estimated.
ArtReach Toronto is a program designed to support arts initiatives that engage youth who have experienced exclusion in under-served areas of Toronto.
The total commitment to YCF was $46.6 million. As of March 2009, the YCF Board has approved all funding for allocation to 111 youth-led initiatives across the 13 priority neighbourhoods.
Harsher Sentences For Young Offenders
Changes to the Youth Criminal Justice Act will impose tougher sentences for violent and repeat young offenders, make it easier to keep such offenders in custody prior to trial and expand the definition of what is considered a "violent offence" to include "creating a substantial likelihood of causing bodily harm" rather than just causing, attempting to cause or threatening to cause bodily harm.
The new legislation will also require the Crown to consider adult sentences for offenders convicted of "serious violent offences" and require judges to consider lifting the publication ban on names of offenders convicted of "violent offences" even when they have been given youth sentences.
Some of the concerns around these provisions raised by some of the professionals who work with young offenders include:
The publication of names of some young offenders will unjustly stigmatize them for life. Quebec has asked that provinces be allowed to opt out of this provision.
The changes shift the emphasis of the Act from rehabilitation to "protection of society," which critics say will put the focus on punishing young offenders rather than steering them away from a life of crime. Quebec, in particular, which prides itself on the success of the rehabilitative aspects of its youth justice system, has argued for stronger language prioritizing rehabilitation.
Stiffer, longer sentences will turn young offenders into hardened criminals and undermine any potential for rehabilitation.
As with other parts of the crime bill, critics says harsher sentencing rules and increased emphasis on incarceration will disproportionately affect aboriginal and black Canadians, who are already over-represented in the criminal justice system.
Including drug trafficking, sex crimes, child exploitation and some violent offences. Opponents of the measures have argued that this type of sentencing has been tried in other jurisdictions, most notably in the U.S., and has created more problems than it has solved.
Increase the costs of prosecuting and incarcerating offenders and leave fewer funds for rehabilitation programs.
Lead to overcrowding in prisons.
Remove judges' discretion to tailor sentences to the specifics of a particular case and offender and force them to apply blanket, one-size-fits-all sentences regardless of circumstances.
Limit the use of alternate sentencing measures of the type currently applied to aboriginal offenders.
Disproportionately punish small-time drug offenders and have limited effect on the drug producers, organized crime bosses and serious drug traffickers the government says it wants to target.
Have little rehabilitative effect on offenders and rather leave them more, not less, likely to re-offend. Critics point to numerous studies showing harsher incarceration laws do not have a deterrent effect on criminals or lower crime rates.
Violate provisions of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms and open up the government to legal challenges on grounds that the sentencing rules violate certain rights that offenders have under the Charter, such as the right to liberty, the right not to be subjected to cruel and unusual punishment and the right to equal protection and benefit of the law.
Introduction Of Mandatory Jail Sentences
Fewer Conditional Sentences
Canada is undergoing the largest prison expansion in the world
Art as a tool for gentrification
Despite racialized immigrants having more post secondary, they are still underemployed and paid less.
"The gap is widest for first-generation immigrants: racialized women make 47 cents for every dollar male, non-racialized immigrants make. For second- generation that gap persists at 54 cents."
Ontario's Growing Gap: The Role of Race
What does it mean?
What and who is missing?
The Audre Lorde Project
Practical Skills That Catalyse.Protect
•Street Safety (SOS Project)
The People Project
•Facilitator was part of The Program
•15 Guest Artists, Community Based
•Participants with skills to continue
Relevant Cultural. Social Programmin
•Media & Storytelling
•Youth Led Granting
•Fixed & Flexible Progamming