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Copy of Using I.C.E when writing citations.

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by

Crystal Morgan

on 9 March 2017

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Transcript of Copy of Using I.C.E when writing citations.

Integrating Evidence Using I-C-E!
What Is I.C.E ?
Let's look at another example..
Using Citations
-Whenever you cite something from a text, you're using it to SUPPORT a point you're making

-Answers are much more valid if they're backed up with evidence.
Assignment
You will use your paragraphs on the Chinese Revolution to practice your I-C-E skills. Share your paragraph with your partner and follow the directions in the Google Doc to highlight the different components of the paragraph.

You will then have an opportunity to revise your work before submitting.

Review Of I.C.E
I.C.E = Introduce, cite, explain

I.C.E takes this:
Aim: To be able to integrate quotations into our writing fluidly, using the I.C.E system
Common Problems
1. Phrases:
-"In my research"
-"The text states"
-"In the book"

2. Ending a paragraph with a citation

3. Not developing or explaining your citation, just dropping it in.
Be Specific. In the future, your readers may not always know what text or book you read, it is your job as the writer to INFORM.


Remember, your paragraph should end with a general "wrap up" statement that gives the reader closure. Citations should be used to AID your point/idea in the paragraph, not help you wrap it up.

-Your citations should never be in a sentence by themselves; they don't make sense to the reader that way.
-Whenever you use a citation in your writing you should always have a lead in, and you should develop them for the reader
Muhammad Ali was the best boxer ever. "Ali is the greatest of all time."
I.C.E
The formula for perfectly written citations!
I

C

E
Introduce

Cite

Explain
Introduce
-Never just drop in a citation without introducing it; it's awkward
-Introduce your citations with simple lead in phrases..
Introductory Phrases:
- As (the author) explains,
- In fact,
-According to..

Muhammad Ali was the best boxer ever.
According to fellow boxer Mike Tyson,
"Ali is the greatest of all time."
Cite
- Proper internal citations

-Internal citations show that you've given credit to the author

-Citations are in parenthesis, and the punctuation comes after

-Use after EVERY fact, statistic, example, quote
or paraphrase
.



Muhammad Ali was the best boxer ever. According to fellow boxer, Mike Tyson, "Ali is the greatest of all time"
(90).
Explain
-Follow up your citation by explaining it.

-Think: "Why is this important? What's the significance? What does this have to do with my main point/thesis?" SO WHAT?!?

-Explain it for your reader!
Muhammad Ali was the best boxer ever. According to fellow boxer Mike Tyson, "Ali is the greatest of all time" (90).
Tyson is widely known as one of the all time greats of his era. As someone that knows the sport, his opinion carries a lot of weight.
Muhammad Ali was the best boxer ever. "Ali is the greatest of all time."
Muhammad Ali was the best boxer ever.
According to fellow boxer, Mike Tyson
, "Ali is the greatest of all time"
(90).

Tyson is widely known as one of the all time greats of his era. As someone that knows the sport, his opinion carries a lot of weight.

Example of a low-level citation..
And makes it:

In the beginning stages of the juvenile justice system, it operated in accordance to a paternalistic philosophy. This can be understood through the published words of Judge Julian Mack, who had a hand in the establishment of the juvenile justice system. In 1909, he stated that this system should treat juveniles “as a wise and merciful father handles his own child” (Scott & Steinberg 16). Judge Mack viewed juveniles as children first. He envisioned a system that would protect and give treatment to these young offenders so that they could become productive adults, and saw no place for criminal responsibility and punishment within this system.
-In the parenthesis, include the following information from the original source:

-Author’s last name & page number
Ex: "Orange is the best color of all time" (Morgan 23).

-OR if the author was already introduced, just use the page number
Ex: According to Crystal Morgan, "Orange is the best color of all time" (23).
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