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Viet nam

leggo
by

Shant Topouzian

on 20 September 2012

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Transcript of Viet nam

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli By Shant T, Andrea G, Frani R, Jack corbeezi Vietnam The vietnamese are fiercely nationalistic because they battled the most powerful nations for thousands of years all in an effort to declare their independence. Dien Bien Phu
Was an Airstrip in Vietnam controlled by the French that was ambushed and taken by the Vietminh. It was the first battle the Vietminh were supported by the Chinese and given weapons to fight the French. The Vietminh were undetected carrying many Chinese weapons and cannons across Vietnam. The Trung sisters, during the war fought for there country. Vietnamese men and Women fought against the chinese and won as a country. The vietnamese people have been fighting for hundreds of years; dating back to 939 in the battle Bach Dang twas a battle between two great nations of mastered intellect. The vietnamese had defeated the inviting chinese military with there cunning strategies. The vietnamese prepared for the chinese to invade during high tide and places booby traps in the water to prevent the chinese from retreating. This battle put an end to chinese imperial domination in Vietnam seporating chineses control. whuiqlweh rjklqw hejrklq hwejklh sdjklfahsdjklfhasejkdlfhsjkadlhfjkalsehdfjksadhfjklahsdjklfahsdjklfhsjkaldhfjkalsdhfjkashdfjklashdjkflhasdjklfhasjkdlfhsjkaldhfjkalsdhfjklasdfhjkalsdhjksahdfjklshdjkflahs d The Trung sisters were very vicious women. They formed a group of vietnamese women to fight for their country. Trung Tac and Trung Nhi lead a rebellion against the chinese in around 43AD. A force of only women, was believed to save their country, for if they had not fought there wouldn't be a Vietnam today. The OSS (the office of strategic services) was created my Ho Chi Minh and the Viet Mihn in an effort to dismiss imperialistic powers and Japanese. Although the OSS did not bring the Ho Chi Mihn to power it supported the Viet Mihn and weakened Japans power. The vienamese created this group, the OSS, to get rid of outside sources of power, such as imperialists and the Japanese in Vietnam. The OSS also encouraged negative views towards the French who the Vietnamese fought against for thousands of years. The OSS also played a roll in the surrender of the Japanese on September 2nd 1945. They fought and won In August of 1945 the Vietnamese took advantage of Japans weak state and revolted. Japan was bombed at the end of WW2, the Vietnamese saw this as an opportunity to gain more freedom from the Japanese Henri Navarre was the man in charge for France. Once he realized the Vietminh were closing in on Dien Bien Phu he launched Operation Castor. The operation was a paratroop drop on the broad valley of Dien Bien Phu, which was rapidly transformed into a defensive perimeter of eight strong points organized around the airstrip. The French ended up losing at Dien Bien Phu despite much larger casualties for the Vietminh. “Rise Up!... We would rather sacrifice everything then lose our country!” The August revolution proves that the Vietnamese are so fiercely nationalistic because it shows that the vietnamese will take any opportunity and any advantage they have to defeat the japanese. The japanese had just been bombed at hiroshima so the Vietnamese took advantage of their weakness and "kicked them while they were down". “You can kill 10 of my men for everyone I kill of yours, yet even at those odds, you will lose and I will win."
- ho chi minh "Jesus, we rained more bombs, more terror on that country than in the history, than has ever been visited upon any place in the history of the world. We were fighting a war that couldn't be won. The answer is not to try to win, the answer's to try to get the hell out." -Dan Prentis On August 19, 1945, at a spontaneous non-communist meeting in Hanoi, Ho and his men stole the leading role to seize power and on September 2, he delivered his Declaration of Independence. Bao Dai, the last Emperor in a line that held the throne in Vietnam for a century and a half, Bao seemed to take less interest in governing Vietnam than in perfecting a lavish life style. He left major decisions to his French-backed advisers, preferring instead to spend his time with his many mistresses at his hunting lodge in the cool highlands of central Vietnam. The failure of the Vietnamese to gain political concessions from the French colonial government led to the formation of clandestine revolutionary organizations, such as the Viet Nam Quoc Dan Dang (VNQDD) or Vietnamese Nationalist Party. Since this uprising, the end of the French colonialist regime in Vietnam came closer The Yen Bai rebellion occurred on the night of Feb. 9, 1930, when the military garrison at Yen Bai, before the remainder of the country could follow suit, however, the French, who had been alerted, crushed the revolt with such severity that the VNQDD was destroyed. The glorious though unsuccessful Yen-Bai uprising led by the VNQDD and later the execution of the Party leader Nguyen Thai Hoc along with twelve other party members by the French colonists. Elevated the aspiration for independence of the Vietnamese people to the highest point as well as the undying animosity never seen previously. China influenced Vietnam to be communist and make North Vietnam a communist state. Although they were communist they were even more nationalistic. The reason why America invaded Vietnam is because they didn’t want Communism to spread outside of China. All men are created equal. They are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights, among them are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness."

This immortal statement was made in the Declaration of Independence of the United States of America in 1776. In a broader sense, this means: All the peoples on the earth are equal from birth, all the peoples have a right to live, to be happy and free.

The Declaration of the French Revolution made in 1791 on the Rights of Man and the Citizen also states: “All men are born free and with equal rights, and must always remain free and have equal rights.”

Those are undeniable truths.

Nevertheless, for more than eighty years, the French imperialists, abusing the standard of Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity, have violated our Fatherland and oppressed our fellow-citizens. They have acted contrary to the ideals of humanity and justice.

In the field of politics, they have deprived our people of every democratic liberty.

They have enforced inhuman laws; they have set up three distinct political regimes in the North, the Center and the South of Vietnam in order to wreck our national unity and prevent our people from being united.

They have built more prisons than schools. They have mercilessly slain our patriots; they have drowned our uprisings in rivers of blood.

They have fettered public opinion; they have practiced obscurantism against our people.

To weaken our race they have forced us to use opium and alcohol.

In the field of economics, they have fleeced us to the backbone, impoverished our people, and devastated our land.

They have robbed us of our rice fields, our mines, our forests, and our raw materials. They have monopolized the issuing of bank-notes and the export trade.

They have invented numerous unjustifiable taxes and reduced our people, especially our peasantry, to a state of extreme poverty.

They have hampered the prospering of our national bourgeoisie; they have mercilessly exploited our workers.

In the autumn of 1940, when the Japanese Fascists violated Indochina’s territory to establish new bases in their fight against the Allies, the French imperialists went down on their bended knees and handed over our country to them.

Thus, from that date, our people were subjected to the double yoke of the French and the Japanese. Their sufferings and miseries increased. The result was that from the end of last year to the beginning of this year, from Quang Tri province to the North of Vietnam, more than two million of our fellow-citizens died from starvation. On March 9, the French troops were disarmed by the Japanese. The French colonialists either fled or surrendered showing that not only were they incapable of “protecting” us, but that, in the span of five years, they had twice sold our country to the Japanese.

On several occasions before March 9, the Vietminh League urged the French to ally themselves with it against the Japanese. Instead of agreeing to this proposal, the French colonialists so intensified their terrorist activities against the Vietminh members that before fleeing they massacred a great number of our political prisoners detained at Yen Bay and Caobang.

Notwithstanding all this, our fellow-citizens have always manifested toward the French a tolerant and humane attitude. Even after the Japanese putsch of March 1945, the Vietminh League helped many Frenchmen to cross the frontier, rescued some of them from Japanese jails, and protected French lives and property.

From the autumn of 1940, our country had in fact ceased to be a French colony and had become a Japanese possession.

After the Japanese had surrendered to the Allies, our whole people rose to regain our national sovereignty and to found the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.

The truth is that we have wrested our independence from the Japanese and not from the French.

The French have fled, the Japanese have capitulated, Emperor Bao Dai has abdicated. Our people have broken the chains which for nearly a century have fettered them and have won independence for the Fatherland. Our people at the same time have overthrown the monarchic regime that has reigned supreme for dozens of centuries. In its place has been established the present Democratic Republic.

For these reasons, we, members of the Provisional Government, representing the whole Vietnamese people, declare that from now on we break off all relations of a colonial character with France; we repeal all the international obligation that France has so far subscribed to on behalf of Vietnam and we abolish all the special rights the French have unlawfully acquired in our Fatherland.

The whole Vietnamese people, animated by a common purpose, are determined to fight to the bitter end against any attempt by the French colonialists to reconquer their country.

We are convinced that the Allied nations which at Tehran and San Francisco have acknowledged the principles of self-determination and equality of nations, will not refuse to acknowledge the independence of Vietnam.

A people who have courageously opposed French domination for more than eight years, a people who have fought side by side with the Allies against the Fascists during these last years, such a people must be free and independent.

For these reasons, we, members of the Provisional Government of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, solemnly declare to the world that Vietnam has the right to be a free and independent country—and in fact is so already. The entire Vietnamese people are determined to mobilize all their physical and mental strength, to sacrifice their lives and property in order to safeguard their independence and liberty. Democratic Republic of Vietnam Declaration of independence http://www.shmoop.com/vietnam-war/timeline.html
http://www.shmoop.com/vietnam-war/timeline.htm
http://www.vietquoc.com/na081801.htm
http://www.chickhistory.com/2011/12/trung-sisters-vietnams-first.html
http://coombs.anu.edu.au/~vern/van_kien/declar.html
http://www.essortment.com/vietnamese-nationalism-20997.html
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