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Black Rhino Red-Billed Oxpecker Mutualism/Parasitism

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alan tran

on 4 December 2013

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Transcript of Black Rhino Red-Billed Oxpecker Mutualism/Parasitism

Black Rhino and Red-Billed Oxpecker Taxonomy Habitat Mutualism Vs Parasitism Wounds
Rest Mutualism or Parasitism? Parasite loads
Feeding success
Predation Risk Mutual or Parasitic? Wiley-Liss Study Stutterheim Study Thanks for your attention! Harm
Displacing Helpful or Hurtful? Which is it? Advantages Disadvantages Irritation
Non-symbiotic Black Rhinoceros Domain: Eukarya
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Perissodactyla
Family: Rhinocerotidae
Genus: Diceros
species: D. bicornis Red-Billed Oxpecker Domain: Eukarya
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Buphagidae
Genus: Buphagus
species: Buphagus erythrorhynchus Black Rhinoceros Mutualism Red-Billed Oxpecker Parasitism By
Alan Tran Jeff Cook George Karoglou Jessica Romero native to savannah of sub-Saharan Africa
open savannas, bushland, and forests
areas that contain large animals and livestock Native to southern regions of Africa
bushy plains, dense brush, open forests, grassy plains
areas close to open water sources
can be found in mud or water wallows where they cool themselves Ecological relationship where both organisms benefit Ecological relationship where one organism benefits and causes harm to the other organism Physical Description Black Rhinoceros two horns

weigh up to 3000 pounds

dark yellow/brown to dark brown or dark grey

thick, wrinkled, tough hide

measure from 10 to 12.5 feet

odd-toed ungulate Red-Billed Oxpecker olive-brown or grey-brown upper body
thick bill
red eyes with yellow circles of flesh around them
light grey-brown wings and tail
tan or pale yellow lower body
grey legs and feet
1.5 to 2.1 ounces
7.5 to 8.7 inches long - Research, Research,
Research!!! -Most studies are not in the animal's natural habitat
- climate differences
- limited space
-change in food source near sighted Relationship Between Red-Billed Oxpecker and Black Rhino
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