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Nigel Sean Marcelino

on 2 May 2016

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Typhoon / Hurricane / Cyclone
A typhoon is a global generic term for an intense circulating weather system over tropical seas and oceans. it is accompanied with very strong winds, heavy rains & large ocean waves.
Importance / Benefits of the disaster emergency plan
Reduce accidental losses due to natural and man-made disaster
Define who is in-charge
Define who will do what
Avoid panic and confusion
A sudden, calamitous event bringing great damage, loss or destruction and great misfortune, often arriving without forewarning.
Having plans in place to respond properly to a warning
Types of Disasters
Natural disaster
Man-made disaster
Before a Typhoon hits
To prepare for a typhoon, you should take the following measures.
Build an emergency kit and make a family communications plan.
Learn the elevation level of your property and whether the land is flood-prone. This will help you know how your property will be affected when storm surge or tidal flooding are forecast.
Learn community typhoon evacuation routes and how to find higher ground. Determine where you would go and how you would get there if you needed to evacuate.
Your evacuation kit should contain the necessary items to sustain life for the first critical hours / days following a disaster.
When assembling a kit remember to make it portable as possible so that a woman or child could carry it and easy to use.
Store your evacuation kit in a location that is easily accessible in the event that you must evacuate immediately.
Evacuation kit / Go-bags checklist

canned foods, no cooking needed foods, bottled water

tissues, soap, toothbrush, toothpaste, towels
Items to protect you from the elements:

warm clothing, raincoats / portable umbrella, blankets, sturdy shoes and a portable tent
Pen, paper, your wallet, flashlight, battery powered radio, all important documents, copy of licenses and IDs, photos of family members for reunification purposes, list of emergency contact numbers
First Aid kit checklist
Sterile adhesive bandages
Sterile gauze pads
Hypoallergenic adhesive tape
Latex gloves
Antiseptic solution
Band aids
Communications Plan
Meet with your family and discuss what type of disasters could happen in your area and what to do.
Discuss the steps of evacuation.
Choose a place to make it your rendezvous point.
Ask an out of town family member or friend to be your family's contact person, after a disaster, communication can be difficult. if your family members become separated in a disaster, have them call this person and let them know where they are and if all is well with them.
Examine your house and repair its unstable parts.
During a Typhoon
If a typhoon is likely in your area, you should
Always keep yourself updated with the latest weather report.
Everyone is advised to stay inside the house.
Ensure a supply of water for sanitary purpose such as cleaning and flushing toilets. Fill all containers with water.
If there is a need to move to an evacuation center, follow these reminders:
Evacuate calmly.
Close the windows and turn off the main power switch.
Put important appliances and belongings in high ground.
Report damaged electrical cables and fallen electric posts to authorities.
Do not let water accumulate in tires, cans or pots to avoid creating a favorable condition for mosquito breeding.
You should evacuate under the following conditions:
If you are directed by local authorities to do so. Be sure to follow their instructions.
If you live in a weak home or temporary structure, such shelter are particularly hazardous during Typhoon no matter how well fastened to the ground.
If you live on a coast, on a floodplain, near a river, or on an island waterway.
After a Typhoon hits
Continue listening to radio or the local news for the latest updates.
Stay alert for extended rainfall and subsequent flooding even after the Typhoon has ended.
If you have become separated from your family, use your family communications plan.
If you evacuated, return home only when the officials say it is safe.
Keep away from loose or dangling power lines and report them immediately to the power company.
Shaking of the earth caused by the breaking and shifting of rock beneath the earth's surface.

Earthquakes strike suddenly, without warning, and can occur at any time of the year, day or night.
Before: Prepare
Build an emergency kit and make a family communications plan.
Plan with your family
Designate Safe Places
Pick safe places in each room of your home and your office or school. A safe place could be under a piece of furniture, such as sturdy table or desk, or against an interior wall away from windows, bookcases or tall furniture that could fall on you. The shorter the distance to your safe place, the better.
During: Survive
If you are inside a building:
Drop down onto your hands and knees so that earthquake doesn't knock you down. Drop to the ground as soon as you can.
Cover your head and neck with your arms to protect yourself from falling debris.
Stay where you are until the shaking stops. However, if you are in danger from falling objects, and you can move safely, crawl for additional cover under a sturdy desk or table.
Do not run outside or get in doorway as this does not provide protection from falling or flying objects, and you may not be able to remain standing.
Stay away from glass, windows, outside doors and walls, and anything that could fall, such as light fixtures or furniture.
Hold on to any sturdy covering so you can move with it until the shaking stops. Stay where you are until the shaking stops.
If you are outside:
Stay away from trees, power lines and concrete structures.
Move away from steep slopes which may be affected by landslides.
If near the shoreline, quickly move to higher grounds in anticipation of possible tsunamis.
Those who are in a moving vehicle should stop and get out. Do not attempt to cross bridges, overpasses, or flyovers which may have been damaged.
After: Recovery
When the shaking stops, look around. If there is a clear path to safety, leave the building and go to an open space away from damaged areas. Avoid using elevators.
If you are trapped, do not move about because more debris might fall. Do not panic. After a few minutes, tap on anything that can make a sound like a pipe or wall use a whistle if you have one. so that rescuers can locate you.
If you have a cellphone with you and the signal is okay, use it to call or text for help.
Once safe, monitor local news reports via battery operated radio and TV for emergency information and instructions.
Be prepared to "Drop, Cover, and Hold" in the likely event of aftershocks.
Fire can destroy your house and all of your possessions in less than an hour, and it can reduce an entire forest to a pile of ash and charred wood. It has a very high destructive power.
But at the same time, fire is helpful. It gave humans the first form of portable light and heat. It also gave us the ability to cook food, forge metal tools, form pottery, harden bricks etc.
Before: Preparation
In less than 30 seconds a small flame can get completely out of control and turn into a major fire.
This is why all thoughts of gathering valuables should be discarded in the event of fire. Because fire and smoke spread so quickly there is only time to escape.
A fire's heat alone can kill and is even more deadly than flames. During a fire, room temperatures can be 100 degrees at floor level and rise to 600 degrees at eye level. Inhaling this super-hot air will scorch your lungs. Heat at this intensity can melt clothes to your skin.
Fire isn't bright, it's pitch black. Fire starts bright, but quickly produces black smoke that completely darkens the interior of a burning building. This smoky darkness can leave you blind, disoriented and unable to find your way around a building.
Fire uses up the oxygen you need to breathe and produces smoke and poisonous gases that kill. More people are killed by smoke and toxic gases than by flames. Breathing even small amounts of smoke and toxic gases can make you drowsy, disoriented and short of breath. The odorless, colorless fumes can lull you into a deep sleep before the flames reach your door. If asleep, you may not wake up in time to escape, which is why every building needs smoke detectors.
Create and Practice a Fire Escape Plan
Keep household fire extinguishers handy
Conduct periodic fire drills so that everyone knows what to do and expect.
During: Get Low, Get Out
Stay low to the ground
If your clothes catches fire do the move
After: Stay safe and pick up the pieces
Tsunami are a series of large ocean waves generated by major earthquakes beneath the ocean floor or major landslides into the ocean.
When the waves enter shallow water, they may rise to several feet or, in rare cases, tens of feet, striking the coast with devastating force.
Be aware of the signs of a tsunami:
A strong earthquake lasting 20 seconds or more near the coast.
A noticeable rapid rise or fall in coastal waters.
Before a Tsunami
Find out if your home, school, workplace or other frequently visited locations are in tsunami hazard areas.
Know the height of your street above sea level and the distance of your street from the coast or other high-risk waters.
Plan evacuation routes from your home, school, workplace and other places you could be where tsunamis present a risk. If possible, pick areas 100 feet (30 meters) above sea level or go as far as 2 miles (3 kilometers) inland, away from the coastline.
Practice your evacuation routes. Familiarity may save your life. Be able to follow your escape route at night and during inclement weather. Practicing your tsunami survival plan makes the appropriate response more of a reaction, requiring less thinking during an actual emergency.
During a Tsunami
When the earthquake stops. gather members of your household and move quickly to higher ground away from the coast. A tsunami may be coming within minutes.
Get to higher ground as far inland as possible. Watching a tsunami could put you in grave danger. If you can see the wave, you are too close to escape it.
After the Tsunami
Keep updated regarding the tsunami through radio or TV.
Return home only after local officials tell you it is safe. A tsunami is a series of waves that may have continue for hours. Do not assume that after one wave the danger is over. The next wave may be larger than the first one.
If someone needs to be rescued, call professionals with the right equipment to help. Many people have been killed or injured trying to rescue others.
Stay out of any building that has water around it. Tsunami water can cause floors to crack or walls to collapse.
Volcanic Eruption
Explosive volcanoes blast hot solid and molten rock fragments and gases into the air.
As a result, ashflows can occur on all sides of a volcano and ash can fall hundreds of miles downwind.
Dangerous mudflows and floods can occur in valleys leading away from volcanoes.
Volcanic mudflows are powerful “rivers” of mud mixed with falling ashes, soil, and debris in its path that can move 20 to 40 mph. Intense rainfall can also erode fresh volcanic deposits to form large mudflows.
A tsunami can occur during any season of the year and at any time, day or night.
Before Eruption
Volcanic eruptions happen with early warnings unlike earthquakes that are sudden.
People should know that before a volcano erupts there are warning signs such as rumbling sounds, continuous emissions of steam, increasing temperature around the volcano and earthquakes.
Prepare all necessary things to bring once evacuation is needed. Those in danger zones are warned when to evacuate.
Store as much food, water, light sources and batteries that are very useful in case of emergency.
Volcanic eruptions have ash falls so be prepared for masks or anything to cover your nose and mouth.
Stay updated regarding the volcanic activity through radio or TV.
During the Eruption
Avoid all low-lying places because lava flows and mudflows are more likely to pass there.
Seek cover in case of ash falls. Use masks and cover your mouth and nose to avoid breathing in the ashes.
If you are inside the house, close all doors and windows to avoid ashes from getting inside.
Stay in the evacuation center until further instructions. Do not attempt to leave the place unless told to do so.
After the Eruption
Clean everything around and check all damages incurred.
Wait for further announcements related to the volcanic activity.
Make sure that your house is safe before you return.
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