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The ABC's of World History

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Julianne Porter

on 27 May 2016

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Transcript of The ABC's of World History

E
mpire
D
emocracy
Democracy was founded in Athens and has become a main form of government for many countries, today. It allows everyone to participate in government and to have fair elections while giving everyone equal treatment and civil liberties.
C
orinthian
Corinthian is a type of column the Greeks used for their architecture. It is the more decorative of the other two columns used and many bulidings today use this style including the Supreme Court Building in the United States.
A
thens
Athens was one of the more important city-states of the Greece time period and often rivaled with Sparta, another city-state. It is home to beautiful architecture, amazing inventions, and many famous figures of history. It is the home to a type of government called Democracy.
The ABC's of World History
B
uddhism
Buddhism was founded in India, but gained huge followings in other countries like China and Japan. It is often referenced as a way of life instead of a religion due to its teachings about philosophy.
Julianne Porter
Works Cited
F
orum
G
reat Wall of China
H
ajj
J
uno
K
arma
L
egalism
M
andate of Heaven
N
irvana
O
dyssey
P
olytheistic
Q
ur'an
R
eincarnation
S
ilk Road
T
rade Routes
U
panishads
V
enus
W
ar
Xu
anzong
Y
ellow River
Z
oroastrianism
An empire is using imperial power and military power over a unified and enlarged territory. Most empires do not last forever as they become less unified over time. The Byzantine, Persian, Roman, Indian, and Chinese are examples.
"Corinthian Columns."
aoc.gov.
n.p. n.d. Web. 21 Mar 2015.
"Persia, India, and China."
pwcs.edu.
SchoolFusion.com, 2015 Web. 21 Mar 2015.
"Ancient Greece."
pwcs.edu.
SchoolFusion.com, 2015 Web. 22 Mar 2015.
"Ancient Rome."
pwcs.edu.
SchoolFusion.com, 2015 Web. 22 Mar 2015.
"Great Wall of China."
history.com.
A&E Television Networks, LLC., 2015. Web. 22 Mar 2015.
"Islamic Civilization."
pwcs.edu.
SchoolFusion.com, 2015 Web. 22 Mar 2015.
"Venus."
ancient.eu.
Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited, 2015. Web. 22 Mar 2015.
"Juno."
goddess-guide.com.
n.p., 2015. Web. 22 Mar. 2015.
"Hajj - The Holy Pilgrimage."
transpert.com.
Urdu Language Blog, 2015. Web. 22 Mar. 2015.
"Legalism."
Britannica School.
Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc., 2015. Web. 22 Mar. 2015.
"Tianming."
Britannica School.
Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc., 2015. Web. 22 Mar. 2015.
"Odyssey."
Britannica School.
Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc., 2015. Web. 22 Mar. 2015.
"Huang He."
Britannica School.
Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc., 2015. Web. 22 Mar. 2015.
"Buddhism."
Britannica School.
Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc., 2015. Web. 22 Mar. 2015.
"Silk Road."
Britannica School.
Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc., 2015. Web. 22 Mar. 2015.
"Qurʾān."
Britannica School.
Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc., 2015. Web. 22 Mar. 2015.
Legalism is a form of philosophy which uses harsh laws to keep bad people in line. There are three main ideas;
fa
which is the making of strict public laws,
shu
which is the use of the methods, and
wuxian
which is the manipulation of political buying. Unfortunately, this method lead way to the fall of the Qin Dynasty and harm to the philosophy in China.
Searching for the ABC's of World History... Have you seen any of them?
The forum was originally built as a marketplace, but later became the economic, social, political, religious and the center of all Rome. Many temples, shrines, and altars were built within the forum and after the empire fell it became a pasture.
The Great Wall of China or the
Wan Li Chang Cheng
meaning "Ten Thousand-Li-Long Wall" was built to keep invaders from the north out of China. The wall was built through many dynasties, beginning in the Qin and ending in the Ming. Today, it is a symbol of the Chinese power and a very popular tourist attraction.
Hajj is the last pillar of the Five Pillars essential to Islamic life. It is the pilgrimage to Mecca that Muslims who are financially and physically capable must go on. When a Mulim has completed their pilgrimage they can add "ḥājjī" for males and "hajjan" for females at the end of their names.
The Qur'an, or Koran, is the holy book for Muslims that contains the word of Allah through the Prophet Muhammad. It contains virtually everything and anything a Muslim would need to guide them.
Venus is the Roman goddess of love, beauty, sex, and fertility, which is more than her Greek counterpart, Aphrodite. Many temples and festivals were held in her honor and most were held in April, her month. She is very popular among artists and work of her can be found in many places and different types.
Juno is the Roman queen of the gods and the goddess of marriage, childbirth, and pregnancy. She had a more warlike nature than the Greek's Hera and was the symbol of a Roman female's spirit. The month June is named after her and is said to be the best month for marriage.
Karma is the belief that every action you make has a negative and positive reaction. In Hinduism and Buddhism, the reincarnation cycle is determined by karma.
The Mandate of Heaven, or
t’ien-ming,
was a Confucianist method used by emperors to justify their power by saying it is heaven who gave them the right to rule. The personal behaviour of the emperor was also watched and if they were to become immoral then they had lost their mandate and should be overthrown.
Nirvana is the paradise life according to Buddhism and is the final goal among most Buddhist practices. According to Buddha, anyone can reach Nirvana is they realize the Four Noble Truths and follow the Eightfold Path to Enlightenment. Though Nirvana is a paradise life sought by many, it does not mean death when reaching it, but more of an ultimate goal to honor.
The Odyssey is an epic Greek poem by Homer that was intended for oral performances and is now a classic among literature. It follows King Odysseus of Ithaca as he tries to find his way back home to his family after fighting in the Trojan War.
Polytheistic is when a religion worships more than one god or goddess. Greek and Roman Mythology and Hinduism are examples of polytheistic religions.
Zoroastrianism is the Persian religion that was created by King Darius as a way to justify his power. It is monotheistic; believed that Ahura Mazda was the world's creator who was opposite of Ahriman, the evil spirit of chaos. It believed in a judgment at the end of time with a heavenly afterlife to the chosen.
The Yellow river, or the
Hung He
, can be found in China and is the country's second longest river. During the Tang Dynasty the Grand Canal was expanded to connect the Yellow and Yangzi Rivers. It often causes floods which is why "China's Sorrow" and "The Ungovernable" are some of its given names.
Xuanzong was a Chinese emperor during the Tang Dynasty that expanded China's rule through the tributary system. His reign lasted from 712 to 756 with stable conditions in the beginning, but a tragic fall in the end with Xuanzong cast into retirement until his death. After the end of his reign, the political and social systems were never the same.
War is a reoccuring event throughout history with varying time periods and outcomes. The Persian Wars during the Ancient Greece period lasted only for a small time, but was able to unite a rather ununified group of city-states against a common enemy. While, the Peloponnesian War was able to divide the said groups over the amount of power each had.
The Upanishads are a series of essays and poems that give the idea that there is a way to escape the cycle of reincarnation in Hinduism. It made it so people would not have to rely so much on the Brahmin, or the priests.
Reincarnation is the idea that there is rebirth based on karma and is found in Hinduism and Buddhism. In Hinduism there is a way to escape from the cycle, but only men are able to.
The Silk Road was an acient trade route connecting China to the West that brought goods and ideas to outside places. When the Roman Empire was gradually losing its territory in Asia and the rising of the Arabian power, the silk road became an unsafe means of transportation. Today, the road serves as a highway that connects Pakistan and Xinjiang, China.
Trades routes are essential for many civilizations to get their needed resources and to spread their ideas. It was the trade routes that helped Buddhism, Islam, Christianity, Judaism, and Hinduism expand and gain a bigger following.
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