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The Snow Queen by Hans Christian Andersen Summary:

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on 14 May 2015

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Transcript of The Snow Queen by Hans Christian Andersen Summary:

Frozen & The Snow Queen
Cinderella & Cinderella
Which Story do You Prefer?
VS
The Little Mermaid &
The Little Mermaid
Fairy Tale Evolution
by Juliet Peterka
The Snow Queen by Hans Christian Andersen Summary:

When newly crowned Queen Elsa of Arendelle accidentally exposes her ice powers and plunges Arendelle into an eternal winter, she flees to the north mountain. Elsa’s loyal and optimistic sister Anna follows her in hope to persuade Elsa to end the winter and come back to Arendelle. On her way, Anna meets ice seller Kristoff and his reindeer Sven, along with newly created but living snowman Olaf. When Anna and her new friends reach Elsa in her ice palace, Elsa admits that she does not know how to stop the eternal winter. Then Elsa gets very frustrated and scared, which causes her to lose control over her ice powers and accidently strike Anna in the heart with them. Kristoff, Olaf, Sven, and Anna learn that the only way to thaw Anna’s heart is with an act of true love before Anna freezes completely. Anna recently got engaged to Prince Hans of the Southern Isles, but, right before they kiss, Hans reveals his true intentions of marrying Anna: To gain control over Arendelle. Hans locks Anna in her room and pretends that she is dead. Meanwhile, Elsa has been captured and accused of treason for “killing Anna”, and is sentenced to death. However, Elsa escapes her jail cell right before she is about to be killed. While that is going on, Kristoff realizes that he is in love with Anna and Olaf frees Anna from her room. Kristoff and Anna are trying to reach each other when Anna notices that Hans is about to kill Elsa, who is still in Arendelle. In one last desperate move to protect her sister, Anna puts herself between Elsa and Hans. Right before the sword that Hans was going to use to kill Elsa connects with Anna, Anna freezes completely and the sword breaks. Protecting Elsa was the act of true love that unfroze Anna’s heart, and everyone (except
Hans and a few others) live happily ever after.
Frozen by Disney Summary:
"This snow-flake grew larger and larger, till at last it became the figure of a woman, dressed in garments of gauze, which looked like millions of starry snow-flakes linked together. She was fair and beautiful, but made of ice - shining and glittering ice. Still she was alive and her eyes sparkled like bright starts, but there was neither peace nor rest in their glance." (page 55/3)
"... but the reindeer dared not stop, so he ran on until he reached the bush with red berries; here he set Gerda down, and he kissed her, and the great bright tears tricked over the animal's cheeks; then he left her and ran back as fast as her could."
"IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII CAN'T!" (Elsa)
Frozen has many now-popular musical numbers, one of which being Let it Go, sung by Elsa.
The Little Mermaid by Hans Christian Andersen Summary:
In the kingdom of the sea, there are five mermaid princesses. Until they turn fifteen, the princesses must stay in the sea and never go into the human world. The youngest princess has always longed to see the human world, especially when her sisters become of age before her. When the little mermaid finally turns fifteen, she encounters a ship on the surface of the sea. The little mermaid is entranced by what she sees: dancing, fireworks, and the humans, most of all a “handsome” prince. When the ship enters a storm and capsizes, the prince falls into the water. Realizing that humans can’t survive in the sea, the young princess carries the prince to shore. The little mermaid returns to the sea, but she can’t stop thinking about the prince. So, she visits the sea witch. The sea witch offers to turn the mermaid into a human, but, in return, the princess must give up her voice. Also, whenever the little mermaid uses her legs on land, it feels as though she is stepping on sharp knives. And, to top it off, if the prince marries someone else, the mermaid will turn into seafoam. The mermaid princess agrees, so the sea witch cuts off the princess’s tongue and gives her legs. The prince falls in love with the mermaid, but he does not realize that it was she who saved him from the shipwreck. Later, the prince meets a human princess who he believes saved his life. He marries the human, and the princess is about to turn into sea foam. That’s when the other princesses of the sea turn up. They tell the little mermaid that they sacrificed their hair to the sea witch, and, in turn, the sea witch gave their youngest sister another chance. If the little mermaid murders the prince, then she will turn back into a mermaid and live happily ever after. However, the youngest princess can not kill the prince, so she turns into, not seafoam, but air. The end.

the main character is a mermaid
the main mermaid falls in love with a human prince
the main mermaid has sisters
the main mermaid goes to a sea witch to become human
the price the main mermaid pays to become human is her voice
the prince’s boat capsizes
the main mermaid saves the prince from drowning
the main mermaid has a melodious voice
Things that Stayed the Same:
Things that Changed:
The main mermaid has no name in the original tale, but in Disney’s, the name is Ariel.
There is no Flotsam, Jetsam, Sebastian, Scuttle (the seagull) or Flounder figure in the original tale, but the little mermaid does have a grandmother
in the Disney version, Ariel only has to give up her voice to the sea witch, but in the original, the main mermaid also feels like knives are cutting into her feet when she walks.
The main mermaid in the Disney version must only kiss the prince to permanently become human, but in the original, she has to marry him
in the Disney version, Ariel becomes a mermaid again if she does not kiss the prince, but in the original, she becomes seafoam if she does not marry him.
In the original, the little mermaid gets a second chance (killing the prince), but in the Disney version, she doesn’t and the prince just realizes his marriage mistake.
In the original, the prince and Ariel never marry, but in the Disney one they do.
In the original, there is no time limit on the mermaid’s time to marry the prince, but in the Disney version, there is (three days).
Someone's hearts gets turned into ice.
They both have the theme of sibling love.
Love thaws things.
Gerda gets help from and is kind to other things, just as Anna is.
Things that Stayed the Same:
Things that Changed:
Kay and Gerda are not royalty as Anna and Elsa are, they are peasants.
Kay's heart was frozen by a mirror instead of magical ice.
The snow queen is the main villain in The Snow Queen, but Hans, not Elsa, is the main villain in Frozen.
In Frozen, Elsa leaves her town because her ice powers were revealed and she doesn't want to hurt anyone. In The Snow Queen, Kay leaves the town because he is kidnapped.

Ariel is the youngest princess, not to mention most rebellious, most “beautiful”, and most adventurous, of the sea kingdom. She has plenty of possessions and possibilities in the sea, but Ariel is fascinated with the human world. She has always wanted to visit it, but her father, the king, forbids her to. One day, while being naughty (and not using her common sense, in my opinion), Ariel goes to the surface and sees a ship. On the ship is a “handsome”, whom Ariel immediately falls in love with. Then the ship enters the storm and capsizes. Ariel saves the prince from drowning and brings him back to shore. When she goes back to the sea, Ariel can’t stop thinking about the prince. Desperate to be with the prince, Ariel makes a deal with the untrustworthy sea witch, Ursula. The deal: Ursula will make Ariel human if Ariel gives her her voice. Also, if Ariel and the prince do not kiss in three days time, Ariel will turn back into a mermaid and become Ursula’s property.
Foolishly (again, an opinion), Ariel agrees. On land, Ariel meets the prince and they fall in love. However, they never kiss, thanks to Ursula’s minion eels, Flotsam and Jetsam. Anyway, to Ariel’s disappointment, the prince still doesn't know that Ariel saved his life. He believes that Ursula, disguised as a human with Ariel’s melodious voice, rescued him. Just as the prince and Ursula are about to get married, both Ariel and Ursula turn back into their true forms. Ursula takes Ariel hostage back under the sea and uses her as bargaining material to take over the sea. She succeeds, but the prince, realizing his mistake, kills Ursula. Sadly (opinion) but not surprisingly (again, opinion), the prince and Ariel get married, Ariel becomes a human, and most of them live happily ever after. The End.
Split into seven sections, or stories, Hans Christian Andersen’s The Snow Queen begins with an evil hobgoblin. The hobgoblin creates a looking-glass that has the power of making every good or beautiful thing that is reflected in disappear. Every bad thing that was reflected in the looking-glass grew and became much worse or more ugly than before. However, in an attempt have the looking-glass reflect angels, it breaks and falls down to earth. This leads to bits of the looking-glass going into pairs of glasses, window panes, eyes or even hearts. The looking-glass works the same, no matter how small the piece. If the a shard of the looking-glass enters someone’s heart, the heart turns cold like ice. This ice-heart fate is one bestowed upon young Kay, a poor village boy. Soon after, Kay performs a trick common among the village boys - attaching one’s sled to a larger and faster mode of transportation, so you zoom across the snow for a long distance. Unfortunately for Kay, the large sledge he chooses leads him straight to the Snow Queen, who basically brainwashes Kay and makes him forget about his old life in the village. This leaves Gerda, Kay’s best friend and practically sister, heartbroken because she thinks that he is dead. The next spring, however, Gerda realizes that Kay may not be dead by talking to the sunshine and the river. Gerda goes on a journey full of complications, such as being trapped in a conjurer's garden, being captured by robbers, and on top of it all, not even knowing where to find Kay. But kind animals and people help Gerda along her quest and tell her where to find Kay. In the end, Gerda reaches the place where Kay is to find that he doesn’t remember her at all. Gerda brings back Kay’s memory by singing a verse from a religious hymn: "Roses bloom and cease to be,/ but we shall the Christ-child see.” Kay's heart is thawed by Gerda’s love, and the two children go back home. But when the get home, they realize that they are no longer children and that they have grown much older. After Gerda and Kay finally understand the hymn verse about roses, the story ends.
The Snow Queen by Hans Christian Andersen Summary:
Cinderella by The Brothers Grimm Summary:
Once upon a time lived a wealthy family. Soon, however, it would be once upon a time lived a wealthy father and daughter. The mother in the family was quite sick and knew that her death was approaching, so she told her daughter to “continue to be good and pious [religious, spiritual]” (page 89/1) The daughter continued to follow this advice, even after her mother died; even after her father married a cruel woman; even after the daughter’s stepmother and stepsisters made her into a servant. The young girl’s new family renamed her Cinderella because she slept in the cinders during the winter to keep warm. Cinderella’s father was a merchant, so when he went on a trip, he asked each of his step/daughters what they wished him to bring back for them. Cinderella wished for, not dresses or pearls like her stepsisters, but the first branch her father’s shoulder brushed on his journey. She planted the branch on her mother’s grave, and soon her tears had watered it so that it grew into a magnificent tree. So when the prince held a ball and Cinderella was not permitted to come because her stepmother said she didn’t have a proper dress, she went to the tree and asked for a beautiful dress that she could wear to the ball. The tree granted the wish, and soon Cinderella arrived at the ball. Her beauty caught the prince’s attention, and they danced together all night. But Cinderella fled the ball, and the prince could not find her. A little later, another ball occurred and the same thing happened. After that, another ball took place, but this time the prince thought ahead. He spread pitch [tar] on the stairs, so when Cinderella fled, her shoes would get stuck. This worked, and Cinderella left one shoe on the stairs. The prince led a search throughout the kingdom to find the maiden whom the shoe belonged to. Cinderella’s stepsisters tried the shoe, and when it didn’t fit, they cut off their heels/toes. The prince finds out, however, and finally tries Cinderella. It is a perfect fit, so the prince and Cinderella get married and live happily ever after. As punishment, the stepsister’s eyes are pecked out by Cinderella’s bird friends and are blinded forever. The End.
When Cinderella’s mother dies, her father marries a cruel woman with two daughters. Cinderella’s stepfamily make her into a servant and sleep in the cinders, hence the name Cinderella. One day, it is announced that the prince is holding a ball in which he will find a bride! All of the maidens in the kingdom are to come, but Cinderella is not allowed to by her stepmother. Once her family leaves to go to the ball, Cinderella’s fairy godmother turns up. The fairy godmother turns a pumpkin into a carriage and animals into carriage staff. She also transforms Cinderella’s rags into a beautiful dress and her shoes into glass slippers. But there is a catch: the things will turn back to normal at midnight. Cinderella goes to the ball, and her beauty immediately catches the prince’s eye. They dance together all night, but Cinderella flees in a rush at when midnight arrives. In her haste, she leaves behind her glass slipper. The prince goes around the kingdom with the glass slipper, testing to see if it will fit anyone. It fits Cinderella, so the prince and Cinderella get married and they all live [sickeningly] happily ever after. The End.
Cinderella by Disney Summary:
Things that Stayed the Same:
Cinderella’s mother dies and her father marries someone else.
Cinderella’s stepmother is very cruel.
Cinderella is enslaved by her stepfamily.
Cinderella’s name comes from the fact that she sleeps in the cinders.
The prince holds a ball that Cinderella is not permitted to go to.
Cinderella is helped by magic to get to the ball.
Cinderella flees the ball.
Cinderella’s glass slippers are the clue that leads the prince to her.
Cinderella and the prince get married.
Things that Changed:
Instead of having Cinderella’s mother’s grave provide Cinderella with what she needs, the Disney version has a fairy godmother do that.
The prince spreads pitch on the stairs to catch Cinderella in the original, but in the Disney version, Cinderella’s shoe just comes off.
In the original, the stepsisters cut off parts of their feet to fit into the slipper, but in the Disney version, they just don’t fit.
In the original, the stepsisters’ eyes get pecked out at the end, but in the Disney version, they don’t.
The different versions often show a more realistic or explained version of Cinderella.
Some examples are: Ella Enchanted by Gail Carson Levine; Just Ella by Margaret Peterson Haddix; Cinder by Marissa Meyer; Cinder and Ella by Melissa Lemon; etc.
The new stories often portray the girls in the tales in a more positive light by making them more independent and capable.
Some stories change what happened or continue after the “happily ever after”, but most of the facts still line up.
There have been many different versions of the story Cinderella.
The Little Mermaid by Disney Summary:
Spoiler Alert!
There are summaries in this presentation, and those summaries include the end of the story. I sincerely apologize, however it would be confusing if these endings were not included.
Full transcript