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Transcript of JADE Original
What is JADE?
Program that provides awareness and prevention of eating disorders.
Promotion of “body acceptance” and positive body image.
Is a Barbie Body Possible?
Continuum of Eating
: Eating without guilt or fear. Eating to nourish the body and take pleasure in food
: Eating that is not attuned with natural signals of hunger and satiety
: Eating that is motivated by external cues based on “diet and food rules”
Note: Eating disorders are MENTAL disorders
Type of Eating Disorders
Binge Eating Disorder
Intense fear of gaining weight
Distorted body image
Denial of seriousness of weight loss or low body weight
Characterized by self-starvation and excessive weight loss
Cannot maintain appropriate body weight for height, body type, and activity level
Characterized by a secretive cycle of binging and eliminating behavior on a regular basis
1.0% of the adult population in the U.S. will suffer from bulimia.
The average lifetime duration of bulimia is approximately 8.3 years.
Creation of complex lifestyle changes to make time for binge-purge sessions
Being secretive about binges and purges
Evidence of binge eating and purges
Feeling out of control
Unusual swelling of cheeks or jaw
Discoloration of teeth, damaged gums
Electrolyte imbalances leading to irregular heartbeats and possible heart failure.
Low pulse and blood pressure.
Chemical imbalances (mood swings).
Constipation and irregular bowel movements, bloating, diarrhea, abdominal cramping.
Tooth decay, cavities, gum disease, and tooth sensitivity.
Inflammation and possible rupture of esophagus.
Peptic ulcers and pancreatitis.
Potential for gastric rupture during binges.
Dramatic weight loss
Preoccupation with food, calories, and nutrition
Refusal to eat certain foods
Denial of hunger
Frequent weighing self on scale
Claiming to feel fat/ anxiety
Overly sensitive to cold
Growth of downy hair (lanugo)
Abnormally slow heart rate and low blood pressure
Reduction of bone density
Muscle loss and weakness
Fainting, fatigue, and overall weakness
Dry hair and skin
Amenorrhea in women and a loss of testosterone in men
Trouble getting pregnant
Binge on large amount of food and then rid the calories through vomiting, starving, excessive exercise, laxatives, or other methods
Feeling out of control during binges
Extreme concern about body weight and size
Recurrent episodes of binge eating characterized by consuming large amounts of food in discrete periods of time without regard to feelings of hunger or fullness
Strange eating patterns
Lack of control over eating during each episode
College Students at Risk
How to Help a Friend
Learn about eating disorders.
Set an appropriate time and place to talk to your friend.
Use “I” statements, such as, “I’m concerned with your health.”
Discuss what you have observed about your friend that made you concerned.
Offer support and refer your friend for professional help.
Seek out help yourself.
Binge on high calorie or sweet foods
Being secretive about binges or eating alone
Expression feelings of shame or guilt about eating behaviors
Becoming overweight or obese
High blood pressure and high cholesterol
Offer simple advice.
Confront the person in front of people.
Mention size or weight.
Exclude your friend from social activities that involve food.
Take responsibility for your friend’s recovery.
Judge or use threats.
Promise to keep that you know a secret.
University Counseling Services
8 free sessions
Bayramian Hall 520
Klotz Student Health Center
Dieticians and PNC's
Board certified physicians in family medicine
Friday and Saturday 7pm-10pm
Student Health 101
An estimated 0.6% of the adult population in the U.S. will suffer from Anorexia.
The average adult’s BMI ranges between 18.5-24.9. Anything below 18.5 is considered underweight, and is often associated with Anorexia.
Anorexia has the highest mortality rate of any psychiatric illness- it is estimated that 10% of individuals with Anorexia Nervosa will die within 10 years of the onset of the disorder.
An estimated 2.8% of the adult population in the U.S. will suffer from binge eating disorder
According to NIMH 2-5% of Americans meet the criteria for BED in any given 6 month period
What About Men?
Dates to Remember
Welcome to Wellness
Even though it is not spoken of, many men struggle with eating disorders and body dysmorphic disorder.
Approximately 5-10% of eating disorders occur in males.
Sports and Athletics
Why is Barbie Significant?
Muscle Dysmorphic Disorder (Bigorexia)
Disorder that focuses on muscle mass and body size
Most common in males, results in a fixation of getting larger
An addiction to exercise where a person feels compelled to work out, despite illness or injury
Men and Eating Disorders