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Be able to demonstrate how government policies are developed
Transcript of Be able to demonstrate how government policies are developed
By Rebecca Lee and Hajarah Zahoor
These are government consultation documents which are produced by the government for discussion both inside and outside of parliament.
Types of bills
Bills can start in either house or the formal stages of private bills are broadly the same as public bills. They are usually promoted by organizations e.g. private companies, local authorities. This allows themselves power beyond or in conflict with the general law. People directly affected by a private bill e.g. residents near a composed site for a new cemetery should also be informed.
Public bills are introduced in either of the houses and go through a number of set stages that usually involve members of both houses reviewing the bill. Once a public bill is passed into law it becomes an act of parliament. Members of the public who want to put forward their thoughts or concerns on public bills can do so by;
Writing to their MP/Lord.
Submitting evidence to the relevant public bill committee.
Private members bills.
These bills are also introduced in both of the houses similar to public bills as they must go through the same set of stages. Once private member bills from the Lords are completed an MP supports the bill and then continues into the House of Commons.
They are government policy initiatives and they are also proposals for legislation. the earliest well known white papers were the Churchill White Paper.
The government makes a draft of the bill and asks senior officials to make comments.
The government broadcasts the bill by reading out its title in the House of Commons, so everybody involved in the Commons knows about it.
This is the debating stage which is where all the MP's can discuss the bill that has been brought forward, they ask questions and also vote on it.
A smaller group of MP's can discuss the bill in detail,they are allowed to make changes. These are called modifications based on the MP's discussions.
Modifications which are made during the committee stage, are then reported to everyone in the House of Commons. The MP's then may vote on the modifications that have been discussed.
Overall consideration of the bill which is in the House of Commons and final votes to decide whether the bill will go any further or not go through at all.
The Lord stages.
If the bill goes through it goes straight to the House of Lords. They can suggest modifications to the bill, and then send it back to the House Of Commons.
The royal assent.
The queen signs off the bill as a new law or an Act of parliament.