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Karen Barad EAF512
Transcript of Karen Barad EAF512
Grew up in the Northeast part of USA
Working class family
Second generation Americans
First generation going to college Karen Barad Academia Ph.D. in Theoretical Particle Physics, SUNY Story Brook
Tenured position in a physics department
Professor at the University of California in Santa Cruz
History of consciousness Book Area of Expertize Feminist theory
Twentieth-century continental philosophy
Philosophy of physics
cultural studies of science
Feminist science studies Influences Derrida
Fernandes Meeting the Universe Halfway is an answer to the reflective methodology found in representationalist scholarship which has previously characterised not just feminist studies but social and scientific studies in general, and which presumed the separate ontological existance, however mute or devoid of agency of the object which is being represented.
(Revelles Benavente, 2010 p. 83) Matter Language has been granted too much power. The linguistic turn, the semiotic turn, the interpretive turn, the cultural turn, it seems that at every turn lately every "thing" -even materiality- is turned into a matter of language or some other form of cultural representation.
Language matters. Discourse matters. Culture matters. There is an important sense in which the only thing that does not seems to matter anymore is matter.
(Barad, 2003, p. 801) Clarifications Two key misunderstandings:
That I am suggesting/endorsing/practicing applying quantum physics to the social world by drawing analogies between tiny particles and people,
That there are two worlds-one microscopic an the other macroscopic
[M]y method has been to examine the underlying metaphysical assumptions and to understand and elaborate the philosophical structure of the theory.
Another reason you wouldn't catch me drawing analogies between the two domains because I question this very idea that there are separate domains of existence.
(Barad in Juelskjaer and Schwennesen, 2012, p. 17) Do you want to add? Apparatus are specific material reconfigurings of the world that do not merely emerge in time but iteratively reconfigure spacetimematter as part of the ongoing dynamic of becoming (Barad, 2007, p. 142) Agential Realist Ontology Help demonstrate the 'entangled' state or complexity of 'matter'
Rejects the separation between 'object of observation' and 'observer' because this division assumes the object is passive and the observer is active
Describes the world by means of 'apparatuses' in which both object and observer, human and nonhuman, are connected Intra-actions Different relations produced within the apparatus Agency Complex network of human and nonhuman agents, including historically specific sets of material conditions that exceed the traditional notion of the individual.
It is not an attribute but the enactment of the ongoing reconfigurings of the world. Diffractions Material-discursive phenomenon that makes the effects of different differences evident
A way of understanding the world from within and as part of it
(Barad, 2007, p. 88) Which differences matter, how they matter, and for whom? Ontology "We don't obtain knowledge by standing outside the world, we know because we are of the world" Meaning produced in the entanglements between the material and the discursive Posthumanist Performative All bodies, not merely "human" bodies, come to matter through the world's iterative intra-activity - its perfomativity.
(Barad, 2003, p. 823) Subjectivity Can shift depending on social relations, historical experiences, and material conditions Discussion What matter (e.g., apparatus) were discussed in each case, Casandra's and Sera's?
What are the advantages of the methodology?
What are the disadvantages of the methodology? Which differences matter, how they matter, and for whom? References This result is nothing less than astonishing.
[T]he past behavior of some given entity has been changed, as it were, but that the entities' very identity has been changed! Its past, identity, its ontology, is never fixed, it is always open to future reworkings!
(Barad, 2010, p. 260) Barad, K. (2003). Posthumanist Performativity: Toward an understanding of how matter comes to matter. Signs: Journal of Woman in Culture and Society, 28(3), 801 – 831.
Barad, K. (2007). Meeting the Universe Halfway: Quantum Physics and the Entanglement of Matter and Meaning. Duke University Press: Durham.
Barad, K. (2010). Quantum entanglements and hauntological relations of inheritance: Dis/continuities, SpaceTime enfoldings, and justice-to-come. Derrida Today, 3(2), 240 – 268.
Juelskjaer, M., & Schwennesen, N. (2012). Intra-active entanglements: An interview with Karen Barad. Woman, Gender, and Research, (1-2), 10-24.
Revelles Benevante, B. (2010). Reconfiguring the ethico-onto-epistemological question of matter: Book Review of Meeting the Universe Halfway: Quantum Physics and the Entanglement of Matter and Meaning. Graduate Journal of Social Science, 7(1), 83 - 86.