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Rules by Cynthia Lord

Social Application Project

Emily Yingling

on 5 November 2014

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Transcript of Rules by Cynthia Lord

Impact of Characterization
Featured a lot of diagnostic criteria
Opens eyes struggles the family may face
Ambiguous nature of David's intellectual ability
Presentation of the support and resources
David is viewed as a burden in the family
Very stereotypical behaviors
Focused mainly on the social deficits, does not focus on the other criteria as much
About "Rules"
He displays several stereotypical deficits in communication.
Lord also is very clear about the stigma and struggles families face.
DSM - 5 VS "Rules"
A. Persistent deficits in social communication and social interactions across multiple contexts.
DSM - 5 VS "Rules"
B. Restricted, repetitive patterns or behavior, interests, or activities, as manifest by at least two of the following.
Rules by Cynthia Lord
About Cynthia Lord
Lord has two children, a daughter and a son with autism.
She is a former teacher.
She wrote this book as an inspiration for families of children with autism.
Target Audience
Children 8-13
Meant to help children learn to accept differences in others.
Can be used as a read aloud in an elementary classroom.
Catherine is a 12 year old trying to make friends over the summer. However, she finds it next to impossible when taking on more responsibilities with her brother David who has autism. Catherine has taken it upon herself to help David learn social rules by developing a book of 'rules' for David that he can use in any situation. While going to OT with David, Catherine meets Jason who is has a language impairment. Catherine begins to make picture cards to help Jason communicate, and develops a friendship with Jason. Catherine also is making friends with her neighbor, Kristi. Catherine is trying to decide how to manage all of her relationships and decide what is normal.
Rules written by
Catherine for David.
Catherine feels it is important for David to fit in with others.
Deficits in social-emotional reciprocity
Catherine has written several rules for David to follow when interacting with others.
"When someone says 'hi' you say 'hi' back.
Deficits in nonverbal communicative behaviors used for social communication.
There are no specific examples of this in the story.
Deficits in developing, maintaining, and understanding relationships.
There are several examples of this in the novel, as it is focused on building friendships
Catherine worries about David spending time with her friends. She says that David doesn't have any friends.
David is unaware of adjusting his behavior while visiting new situations.
Stereotyped or repetitive motor movements, use of objects, or speech
David displays echolalia. He repeats phrases while watching TV.
He repeats phrases from "Frog and Toad"
David also flaps his arms in excitement.
Insistence on sameness, inflexible adherence to routines, or ritualized patterns of verbal or nonverbal behavior
David must go to the video store every week at 5:00.
Catherine wrote the rules to help David adjust with changes in schedule.
"Late doesn't mean not coming"
Highly restricted, fixated interests that are abnormal in intensity or focus.
David must watch "Frog and Toad Together"
When visiting a new place he must open all the doors.
David must carry his red umbrella everyday.
Hyper or hyporeactivity to sensory input or unusual interest in sensory aspects of the environment
David is very sensitive to sounds.
DSM - 5 VS "Rules"
C. Symptoms must be present in early developmental period
It does not give an age he was diagnosed, but he started receiving OT at age 3.
D. Symptoms cause clinically significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of current functioning
David has struggled in day care, he was actually asked to leave day care.
E. These disturbances are not better explained by intellectual disability or global developmental delay.
There is no mention of intellectual ability.
Hardship for the family.
Kristi telling Catherine even "regular" brothers are pains too.
Catherine is worried about having anyone visit her home.
Full transcript