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Transcript of Southwest
Welcome to the Navajo Nation's Monument Valley Park. You are experiencing one of the most majestic - and most photographed - points on earth.
This great valley boasts sandstone masterpieces that tower at heights of 400 to 1,000 feet. framed by scenic clouds casting shadows that graciously roam the desert floor. The angle of the sun accents these graceful formations, providing scenery that is simply spellbinding.
A Big Rig Tour
of the Southwest
Click on the links to learn about the people native to this land.
Stop 2: Phoenix, Arizona
America’s fifth-largest and hottest city in the Southwest still has cowboys and red-rock buttes and the kind of cactus most people see only in cartoons. It is the heart of the Sonoran Desert and the gateway to the Grand Canyon, and its history is a testament to the spirit of puebloans, ranchers, miners and visionaries. This timeless Southwestern backdrop is the perfect setting for family vacations.
Stop 3: Hoover Dam
Hoover Dam, once known as Boulder Dam, is a concrete arch-gravity dam in the Black Canyon of the Colorado River, on the border between the states of Arizona and Nevada. It was constructed between 1931 and 1936 during the Great Depression and was dedicated on September 30, 1935, by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Its construction was the result of a massive effort involving thousands of workers, and cost over one hundred lives.
Let's take a field-trip to the Hoover Dam!
Problems that the architects and construction workers faced.
Our trip to Hoover Dam was very informational. Now let's put on our "engineer hats" to solve problems that the architects and construction workers faced when building the dam. We will present our solutions to our classmates.
How do you harden so much cement?
What do you do with the Colorado River?
How do you create the shape of the Hoover Dam?
Stop 4: The Grand Canyon
The Grand Canyon, is a steep-sided canyon carved by the Colorado River in the state of Arizona. President Theodore Roosevelt was a major proponent of preservation of the Grand Canyon area, and visited it on numerous occasions to hunt and enjoy the scenery.
The Grand Canyon is 277 miles (446 km) long, up to 18 miles (29 km) wide and attains a depth of over a mile (6,000 feet or 1,800 meters)
Stop 5: Carlsbad Caverns, New Mexico
Carlsbad Caverns National Park is in the Guadalupe Mountains in southeastern New Mexico.
Carlsbad Cavern includes a large cave chamber, the Big Room, a natural limestone chamber that is almost 4,000 feet (1,220 m) long, 625 feet (191 m) wide, and 255 feet (78 m) high at the highest point. It is the fifth largest chamber in North America and the twenty-eighth largest in the world. The largest chamber in the world is the Sarawak Chamber in Malaysia.
Hurry, take your seat! We made it to Carlsbad Cavern just in time to see the bats emerge from the cavern. Once the bats are gone we will take a tour of the cavern.
Stop: 6 El Paso and Quidad Juarez
El Paso ,from Spanish, "the pass" is the county seat of El Paso County, Texas and lies in far West Texas. Is the 19th most populous city in the United States.
El Paso stands on the Rio Grande across the border from Juárez, Chihuahua, Mexico. The two cities, along with Las Cruces, form a combined international metropolitan area, with over 2.7 million people.The El Paso-Juárez region is the largest bilingual, binational work force in the Western Hemisphere.
As a "border city" El Paso and Quidad Juarez face many unique situations that include the following:
-an American teacher with many students in her class who speak only Spanish
-an owner of an American factory that is located in Mexico
-a Mexican worker at the American-owned factory
If you lived in one of these border cities how would you react if you were in one of these situations.
The Alamo is an 18th-century mission church in San Antonio, Texas. It was originally built to be the church for the Mission San Antonio de Valero, which was founded in 1718. The church was built by Spanish Franciscan friars in order to convert the local Indians to Christianity.
The Battle of the Alamo: The Alamo was the scene of a pivotal battle in the fight for the independence of Texas from Mexico. In the early 1800s, Texas belonged to Mexico. During the Texas war for independence from Mexico, Spanish troops occupied the abandoned building, now used as a fortress, calling it Alamo. The word álamo is Spanish for cottonwood (a type of tree that grows in the area).
In 1836, Col. William B. Travis, James Bowie, Davy Crockett, and almost 200 other Texan volunteers occupied the Alamo. After unsuccessfully defending the Alamo for 13 days against an army of thousands of Mexican soldiers led by General Antonio López de Santa Anna, the Texans died on March 6, 1836.
The Independence of Texas: The phrase, "Remember the Alamo!" soon became the battle cry that was used by Sam Houston when he defeated Gen. Santa Anna a few weeks later at San Jacinto (on April 21, 1836), winning independence for Texas.
Stop 7: The Alamo- San Antonio, Texas
Let's take a tour of The Alamo and San Antonio
Stop 8: Austin, Texas- Capital Building
Today we will visit the capital building. It is the largest capital building in the nation!
Stop 9: Guthrie, Oklahoma
Guthrie originated in 1887 as a railroad station called Deer Creek on the Southern Kansas Railway from the Kansas–Oklahoma border to Purcell. The name was later changed to Guthrie, named for jurist John Guthrie of Topeka, Kansas. At noon on April 22, 1889, cannons resounded at a 2-million acre (8,100 km²) section of Indian Territory, launching president Benjamin Harrison's "Hoss Race" or Land Run of 1889. During the next six hours, about 10,000 people settled in what became the capital of the new Territory of Oklahoma. Within months, Guthrie became a modern brick and stone "Queen of the Prairie" with municipal water, electricity, a mass transit system, and underground parking garages for horses and carriages.
The Oklahoma Land Rush of 1889
Go to youtube to find the link this video cannot be embedded.